Why the Red Fort have been made in Delhi?

Why the Red Fort have been made in Delhi?

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Red Fort

This 33 meter high red fort made of red stones, Red Fort shows the glory of Old Delhi and the glory of the Mughals. Its massive walls were built in 1638 to avoid invaders. Its main gate Lahore Gate is a dynamic and symbolic focal point of present India where a huge crowd gathers every year on Independence Day. Chatta Chowk is a vaulted tree-covered road where old things are sold. A sound and light show is held every evening at the Fort which tells the history associated with this fort of India.

Red Fort is located on Netaji Subhash Marg and the nearest metro station is Chandni Chowk. It is closed on every Monday and is open from sunrise to sunset. The entry fee for Indians at Red Fort is Rs 10 and for foreigners the entry fee is Rs 250. There is no photography money and there is a fee of Rs 25 for videography. Light and sound show is held every evening at 6 pm at Red Fort, in which there is a fee of Rs 80 for adults and Rs 30 for children.

Emperor Shah Jaha built the Red Fort in 1638 when he changed his capital from Agra to Delhi. In reality, red and white were the king’s favorite colors and its design goes to the architect Ustad Ahmad Lahori who also designed the Taj Mahal. This fort is parallel to the Yamuna River. The construction of this fort began in the holy month of Muharram and ended in 1648 under the supervision of Shah Jaha.

The place of Red Fort was Shahjahabad in medieval India, which is currently Old Delhi. Its planning and aesthetics were built during the reign of Shah Jaha during the peak of Mughal creativity. His descendant Aurangzeb built a mosque made of pearls in the private residence of the emperor. After Aurangzeb in the Mughal Empire, the administrative and financial structure weakened and the fort was revived in the 18th century. When the Red Fort remained without a king for 30 years, Jahandar Shah took over the fort in 1712. He was killed after one year of his illness and Farrukhsiyar took over the reins.

In this period, the silver roof in Rang Mahal was changed to copper to raise money. Muhammad Shah took an interest in art and took over the fort in 1719. In 1739, the Persian emperor Nadir Shah easily defeated the Mughal army and looted the Peacock throne, including the Red Fort Red Fort. Nadir Shah left Persia after 3 months leaving the destroyed city and weak Mughal emperor. The Mughals, seeing themselves weak, made a treaty with the Marathas in 1752 and made them defenders of the throne of Delhi. After conquering Lahore and Peshawar in 1758, he fell in love with Ahmed Shah Durrani. In 1760, the Marathas raised money by making a war against Durrani by melting the silver roof of the Deewan Khas.

The Marathas were defeated in the third war of Panipat and Delhi was captured by Durrani. Ten years later, Shah Alam again ascended the throne of Delhi with the help of Marathas. In 1783, Karodisinghia of the Sikh Federation captured Delhi and the Red Fort Red Fort under the leadership of Baghel Singh Dhaliwal. The Sikhs allowed Shah Alam to be the emperor and asked the Mughals to rule Delhi on the condition that they build seven gurdwaras for Sikh Gurus in Delhi.

In the second British Maratha War in 1803, the East India Company defeated the Marathas and captured the Red Fort of Delhi. The British took away all the territories of the Mughals and made a residence on the Red Fort. This Red Fort was the last ruler to rule it is, Bahadur Shah II, who fought against the British in the revolution of 1857, but could not save the Red Fort from the British. After the defeat of Bahadur Shah II in the rebellion, the British army arrested Bahadur Shah. He was brought captive to the Red Fort in 1858 and sent to Rangoon in the same year.

After the end of Mughal rule, the British looted many valuable items of this fort. Removed all the furniture and destroyed the harem room, the servants’ room and the garden and built a barrack of stones. Only destroyed the royal building in the east direction, except for the marble building. The British destroyed two-thirds of this fort. Between 1899 and 1905, Lord Curzon repaired the fort, rebuilt the walls and remodeled the garden.

Many jewels and artifacts of this fort were looted during the invasion of Nadir Shah. After this, after the defeat in the revolution of 1857, many items of this fort were sent to the British Museum such as Kohinoor diamond, Shah Jaha’s cup of wine and Bahadur Shah’s crown are still in London. Many times the Government of India asked these things to return to India, but the British Government refused. In 1911, the British king and queen came to see the Delhi court, in which some buildings were repaired. Many officers of the Indian Army were court martialed in the this.

On 15 August 1947, India’s first Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru waved the tricolor from the Lahore Gate of the Red Fort. Since then, on every Independence Day, the Prime Minister hoists the tricolor at this fort and addresses the country. After India became independent, there were some changes in this place and it was made a military cantonment. Many parts of it remained under the Indian Army till 2003 and were given to the Archaeological Department of India to repair it.

 

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