What does the term Buddha mean
- Buddhism was founded by Mahatma Buddha. His childhood name was Siddharth and mother’s name was Mahamaya and father’s Shuddhodan.
- After maternal death, she was raised by her aunt Gautami.
- Mahatma Buddha was born in 563 BC. In Lumbini village of Kapilvastu located in Tarai, Nepal.
- He was married to Yashodhara Namak Kanya, from whom he had a son named Rahul.
- At the age of 29, Siddhartha gave up his home to satisfy the desire of Gyan Prakash, which in Buddhist texts is called ‘Mahabhinishkramana’.
- At the age of 35, he attained enlightenment on the 49th day under a peepal tree on the banks of the Niranjana river near Gaya. Siddhartha Buddha is called Buddha of knowledge. In Buddhist texts, their attainment of knowledge has been called ‘Nirvana’.
- What does the term Buddha mean
- At Sarnath near Varanasi, Mahatma Buddha gave his first sermon to five Brahmin yogis (sadhus), who are known in the Buddhist tradition as Dharmachakra Pravartana.
- Mahatma Buddha died at the age of eighty in 483 BC. In the present Kushinagar district of Uttar Pradesh. It is known as Mahaparinirvana in Buddhist tradition.
- The 4 Arya truths are the basic basis of Buddhism. These 4 Arya truths are – grief, grief community, grief prevention, and grief prevention Gamini Pratipada (The Grief Prevention Path) ie Ascendant Path.
- There are eight parts of the Arya Ashtagika path which defeats sorrow and destroys Trishna. He is called Majjhim Pratipada Artham Madhyam Marg.
- The Ashtangik Marg has also been called the ‘Kalyan Mitra’ of the monks.
- Mahatma Buddha made two Shudras named Tapas and Mallik as the first followers of Buddhism.
- Buddha gave the most preaching skills of his life at Shravasti, the capital of the country, he made Magadha his preaching center.
- Buddhism attacked many defects of the ancient Vedic religion, hence it is also considered as a reform movement.
- Among the eminent rulers of Buddha were Bimbisara, Prasenjit and Udayan.
- The principal disciples of Buddha were Uppali and Anand. A Buddhist association was established in Sarnath itself.
- According to Buddhism, the ultimate goal of human life is attainment of nirvana. Nirvana means the extinguishing of the lamp, that is, getting rid of the cycle of life and death.
- Just as grief is the cause of community, so is the cycle of ignorance. This ignorance produces karma-fruit. This ignorance cycle is called a true mass.
- Reality is the basic element of Buddhist philosophy and doctrine. Other theories such as moment-break-up and moralism are rooted in this.
- Buddhism is basically atheistic. In fact Buddha emphasized human dignity in place of God. Buddhism does not envisage the soul. Under the theory of Ananta, that is, Anatism, it is a belief that the soul which is in a person ends after its expiration.
- Buddhism believes in rebirth. As a result, the principle of karma-fruit is also valid. But the medium that carries the karma fruit in the next life is not the soul. Karma-fruit is the cause of rebirth in the form of consciousness, in the same way as one wave rises in water and ends itself by giving birth to another wave.
- Buddhism opposed the varna system and caste system.
- The door of Buddhism was open to all castes. Women also had the right to enter the union. Thus he was an advocate of women’s rights.
- There was a text of the proposal (natti) in all of the associations. The text of the proposal was called Anusavan. The minimum number (quorum) for the legitimate proceedings of the House was 20.
- Entry into the union was called sub-estates.
- The organization of the Buddhist Sangha was based on the republican system. The entry of thieves, murderers, debtors, servants of the king, slaves and sick persons was prohibited in the Union.
- For Buddhists, the 4 days of the month were Amavasya, full moon and two Chaturthi fasting days.
- Amavasya, Poornima and two Chaturthi days are known as ‘Upasak’ (‘Roya’ in Sri Lanka) in Buddhism.
- The most important festival of Buddhists is the full moon of Vaishakh, also known as Buddha Purnima.
- The significance of Buddha Purnima day in Buddhism is because on this day Buddha was born, attained enlightenment and Mahaparinirvana was attained.
- The 8 places associated with Mahatma Buddha, Lumbini, Gaya, Sarnath, Kushinagar, Shravasti, Sankasya, Rajagriha and Vaishali are also known as ‘Ashtamahasthan’ in Buddhist texts.
- There were two major sects of Buddhism – Hinayana and Mahayana.
- The people of Hinayana Sampradaya are spread in places like Sri Lanka, Myanmar and Java etc.
- Presently, people of Mahayana sect are in Tibet, China, Korea, Mongolia and Japan.
- The 7th century saw the emergence of the Vrijayan branch with tantra-mantra, whose main center was Vikramshila University in Bhagalpur district (Bihar).
- In Indian philosophy, logic progressed through the influence of Buddhism. The philosophical methods of nihilism and scientificism that emerged in Buddhist philosophy also influenced Shankaracharya’s philosophy. This is the reason that Shankaracharya is sometimes called the elusive Buddhist.
- The oldest stupa built in Bhatti (D. India) on the bone relics of the Buddha is called Mahastupa.
- The organization of the Buddhist Sangha was based on the republican system. There was neither a distinction of small and big in the Sangh nor did Buddha appoint any successor of his own, but considered religion and humility as the ruler.
- Initially, the door of the Sangh was open to all castes and classes, but soon the Buddha had to compromise with the new social, economic and political conditions.
- Entry of the indebted persons was forbidden in the Buddhist Sangha, but there is no condemnation of taking loans for trade.
The basic principles of Buddhism are contained in the Tripitaka. These are
Mahatma Buddha gave his sermons in Pali language (Magadhi in original).
What does the term Buddha mean | What does the term Buddha mean