Tipu Sultan-The Ruler of the Southern India in 17th Century

Tipu Sultan-The Ruler of the Southern India in 17th Century

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Tipu Sultan

Tipu Sultan was born on 20 November 1750 at Devanahli in present-day Bengaluru. He was named after Auliya Tipu Mastan of Tipu Sultan Tipu Sultan Arcot. Tipu Sultan Tipu was also called Fateh Ali after his grandfather Fateh Muhammed.

Tipu Sultan Tipu’s father’s name was Hyder Ali, who despite being illiterate himself, taught his son. Tipu studied in childhood as well as military education and political education. At the age of 17, he was given independent charge in important diplomatic and military missions. He was the right hand of his father in the war, making Hyder a powerful master of Southern India.

Tipu Sultan Tipu’s father Hyder Ali was a military officer in the Kingdom of Mysore who increased his power to become the de facto ruler of Mysore in 1761. The descendants of Hyder belonged to the Khorashi dynasty of Arabia. Hyder’s father Fateh Muhammed was the commander of 50 men in the bamboo rocket artillery of the Nawab of Karnataka.

Tipu’s mother Fakhr-un-Nisa was the daughter of Mir Muinudden, the controller of Kadapa Fort. Hyder Ali had appointed qualified teachers for the education of Tipu Sultan Tipu who taught him Hindi, Urdu, Parsi, Arabic, Kannada languages ​​as well as Quran, Islamic jurisprudence, Ghudswari, Shooting and Fencing. Tipu’s wife was Sindh Sultan.

Early Military Education and Second British-Mysore War

Tipu Sultan Tipu Sultan learned military tactics while working with his father’s French officers. At the age of only 15, he joined the first battle of Mysore against the British in 1766. After this, at the age of 16, he led a cavalry in the invasion against Karnataka. Along with this, he was also involved in the first English-Maratha war.

In 1779, the British occupied the port of Mahe under French occupation, which was under the protection of some of Tipu’s troops at that time. Hyder Ali invaded Karnataka to drive the British out of Madras. For this campaign, Hyder Ali sent Tipu Sultan with 10,000 soldiers and 18 cannons when Colonel Bailey was going to meet Hector Munro.

The British defeated Colonel Bailey in the Battle of Polilpur. Out of 360 Goro, 200 were taken alive and 3800 soldiers suffered a lot of damage. On the other hand, when Munro was informed of his defeat, he was obliged to the treaty of Madras, in which his artillery was to leave him in Kanchipuram.

In the joy of victory over the British, frescoes of the Battle of Pollilpur were made on the walls of Tipu’s Summer Palace. After this, Tipu Sultan defeated Colonel Braithwaat near Tanjore in 1782. Braithwaite’s army consisted of 100 whites, 300 cavalry, 1400 soldiers and 10 regional troops. Tipu Sultan confiscated all the guns and Tophe and imprisoned them all.

Hyder Ali died on 6 December 1782. Now Tipu Sultan realized that the British were a big danger in India. He was crowned on 22 December 1782 and became the new teacher of Mysore. Now he allied with the Marathas and the Mughals to fight the British. The Second War of Mysore ended with the Treaty of Mangalore.

Battle against Marathas War against the Maratha by Tipu Sultan
War SceneTipu Sultan Tipu Sultan was a staunch Muslim teacher who was always motivated for the development of his religion. He got Lal Bagh built in his school, which his father started. Besides, he also built roads, public buildings and ports. His business was also from neighboring countries.The Ruler of the Southern India

Tipu Sultan Tipu Sultan also built the world’s first war rocket. Tipu Sultan conquered all the small states of the south. He also defeated the Nizamos of the south and the Indian rulers defeated by the British. Tipu wanted to become a Sufi saint but his father forced him to become a warrior.

The Maratha Empire had conquered many parts of India under the leadership of its new Peshwa Madhavrao. The Marathas also defeated Tipu’s father Hyder Ali twice, who also considered the Maratha Empire a powerful empire. In 1767, the Maratha Peshwa Madhavrao defeated both Hyder Ali and Tipu Sultan, the capital of Mysore.

Had entered Srirangapatna. Hyder Ali had accepted the subjugation of Madhavrao and had given him the title of Nawab of Mysore. Tipu Sultan wanted to avoid a treaty with the Marathas so he tried to invade some Maratha kilos in South India. Of Due to this, he got directly entangled with the Marathas and the Marathas sent their troops to Mysore and seized many forts of Tipu Sultan.

With this victory of the Marathas, the Maratha empire expanded to the Tungabhadra River. This forced Tipu Sultan Tipu Sultan to hold open talks with the Maratha leadership. He sent two of his messengers to the Maratha capital Pune and an agreement was reached under which the Marathas returned all the won states of Mysore. In return, Tipu Sultan had to pay Rs 4.8 crore and Rs 12 lakh per year.

The Ruler of the Southern India

Third Anglo-Mysore War Third Anglo-Mysore War
Tipu Sultan Tipu Sultan had a dispute with Dharmaraja of Travancore in the battle of seringapatam1789, due to which he gathered his army at Coimbatore and attacked Travancore. Whereas according to the treaty of Mangalore, Travancore was a British friendly state. The Maharaja of Travancore sought help from the British. Now the British along with Marathas and Nizamos raised an army against Tipu Sultan. In 1790, the British army captured many areas of Coimbatore. Tipu Sultan won back several states again in retaliation but could not regain Coimbatore.

Tipu Sultan in 1791, along with Tipu Sultan’s enemies, captured several kilos of Bangalore and threatened to attack Srirangapatna. Tipu Sultan compromised with the local people and stopped the supply and communication for the British, due to which the British thought it appropriate to leave Bangalore instead of attacking Srirangapatna. After this, Tipu sent his army to Coimbatore and regained it after a long siege. His campaigns were unsuccessful in 1792, in which he had to make peace.

Fourth British-Mysore War and Tipu Sultan’s death

In 1799, the British sent their troops to Mysore and surrounded Srirangapatna on both sides for the fourth battle of Mysore. This time there were 26000 soldiers in the British army, of which 4000 were white and other Indian soldiers. Out of this, Nizamo sent 10 troops and 16000 cavalry and many soldiers were also from Marathas. In this way, the British army had more than 50000 soldiers whereas Tipu Sultan’s army had about 30,000 soldiers.

The British broke the walls of the city and a French advisor asked Tipu Sultan Tipu Sultan to leave the secret path so that he could fight for the second day. Tipu replied, “It is better to live a day like a lion than to live like a sheep for 1000 years”. Tipu Sultan died on 4 May while defending his capital. Tipu is buried near his father’s grave.

Tipu Sultan as a dictator anti-Hindu teacher
Tipu Sultan as Tyrant The famous Muslim historian and son of Tipu Sultan himself revealed some shocking facts related to Tipu Sultan Tipu Sultan in his writings. He told that Tipu Sultan Tipu Sultan was a staunch Muslim who changed the names of many Hindu places to Muslim names.

Such as Mangalore’s name Jalalabad, Mysore’s name Najarabad, Gooty’s name Faiz-Hijar, Dharwad’s name Khurshid-Savad, Dindigul’s name Khalikabad, Ratnagiri’s name Mustafabad, Kozhikode’s name Islamabad. After the death of Tipu Sultan, the local people changed the names of these places from the old names with Fei.

The Ruler of the Southern India
Colonel Fulartan, in-charge of the British army of Mangalore, stated in an official report that Tipu Sultan, during the capture of the Palgarh Fort in 1783, did harsh excesses on the Brahmins there. His soldiers brutally slaughtered the heads of many Brahmins at the fort of Zamorin and tried to intimidate the Hindus.

The people of the fort left the fort. He had also slaughtered Hindus in Kerala. The king who did not listen to him had to go to the British for help. For these reasons, Marathas supported the British in many wars because Maratha was the only Hindu kingdom at that time.

Several historical facts suggest that Tipu Sultan has been shown to be a cruel and intolerant Muslim ruler in Tipu Sultan’s military campaigns. He forced many Hindus to convert to Muslim religion. During one incident, he forcibly converted one thousand Hindus into the Kurg and locked them in the action of Srirangapatam. During the last war between the British and Tipu Sultan all the Kurni Hindu prisoners escaped from that prison and Bapus returned to his empire. On reaching Me, he became a Hindu again.

Historians believe that his anti-Hindu policies prevented him from becoming the king of India. Tipu Sultan was undoubtedly a brave warrior who fought many wars against the British, but he did not recognize all religions as a Mughal Emperor like Akbar. His radical Muslim policies hindered his path because most of the population of India at that time was Hindu, which he wanted to convert to Muslim which was impossible. He not only respected Hinduism but also any religion. He is compared to the Mughal emperor Aurangzeb, whose cause of downfall was anti-Hindu.

During his Shashan the main objective of Tipu Sultan was to destroy all the Hindu temples of Malabar and establish the religion of Islam. Historians say that the brutality of Tipu Sultan was very much around Malabar, where even the rulers like Ghazni and Allauddin Khilji had wreaked havoc earlier.

According to the British historian William Logan, Tipu Sultan destroyed the temple of Tallipuram, the Ponmeri temple of Badkara and the temples of Rellicherry. His acts turned Hindutva and Hindus against him. Because Hindustan was a Hindu country on which Hindutva declined due to the atrocities of Muslim teachers.

Friends, we have shown both good and bad sides of Tipu Sultan Tipu Sultan in this post. On one side he was a great and brave warrior who fought a war against the British and on the other side he was a ruthless anti-Hindu teacher who tried his best to end Hindutva and Tipu Sultan became a controversial teacher. It is requested not to comment intolerant here.The Ruler of the Southern India

 

 

The Ruler of the Southern India

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