The constitution is nothing but a legal document and the Indian constitution is the supreme law of India. It explains the various players who are in authority in the country, their power and limits of their power. It also defines the of citizens. Part I of Indian Constitution is titled The Union and its Territory. It includes articles from 1- 4. Part I is a compilation of laws pertaining to the constitution of India as a country and the union of states that it is made of.
|THE UNION AND ITS TERRITORY ~GENERAL STUDIES 4 U|
PART I (ARTICLES 1 TO 4)UNION AND ITS TERRITORIES
Article 1 Name and territory of the union. It describes India that is Bharat as a “Union of States” rather than “Federation of States”. It has been preferred for two reasons, one , the Indian Federation is not the result of an agreement among the states like America and two,the states have no right to secede from the federation.
Article 1 The territory of India can be classified into three categories.
(a) Territories of States.
(b) Union Territories.
(c) Territories that may be acquired by the Government of India at any time.
Admission of or establishment of new states.The article empowers the Parliament to ‘admit’ into the Union of India or establish new states.
After independence, the demand for the reorganization of the states on the linguistic basis was raised.It led to the study the issue of the reorganization of the states on linguistic basis.
The committee submitted its report in 1948 and recommended the reorganization of states on the basis of administrative convenience rather than linguistic factor.This created resentment and a new committee called. JVP constituted to examine the issue In April 1949, it also formally rejected language as the basis for reorganization of states.
In 1953, the Government of India appointed a three member States Reorganization Commission (SRC) under the chairmanship of Fazl Ali. The committee was appointed to examine the reorganization of the states. KM Pannikar and HN Kunzru were the other two members.
The committee submitted its report in 1956 and as a result, 14 states and 6 union territories were created on November 1, 1956.
Formation of new states and alteration of areas,boundaries or names of the existing states.It authorizes the Parliament to
(a) from a new state by separation of territory from any state of by uniting two or more states or parts of states or by uniting any territory to a part of any state.
(b) Increase the area of any state.
(c) Diminish the area of any state.
(d) Alter the boundaries or name of any state.
Laws made under Article 2 and 3 for the amendment of the first and fourth schedules and supplemental, incidental and consequential matters.