THE KHILJIS | THE DELHI SULTANATE

The Khiljis (AD 1290-1320)

The coming of the Khiljis to power was more than a dynastic change. Their ascendancy is known as Khilji revolution, because it marked the end of monopolization of the power by the Turkish nobility and racial dictatorship. The accession of Jalaluddin Firoz Khilji marked the end of an epoch and signified a ‘revolution’ in the political and cultural history of medieval India.

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Khilji Dynasty

Jalaluddin Firoz Khilji (AD 1290-1297)

  • Founded the Khilji dynasty.
  • One of the most important events of Jalaluddin’s reign was the invasion of Devagiri the capital of the Yadava kingdom in the Deccan by  Alauddin (his nephew) and son-in-law of the Sultan and the Governor of Kara.

Alauddin Khilji (AD 1296-1361)

  • He was a nephew and son-in-law of Jalaluddin Khilji. Alauddin Khilji killed him and succeeded to the throne in 1296.
  • Alauddin annexed Gujarat (1298), Ranthambhor (1301), Mewar (1303), Malwa (1305), Jalor (1311). In Deccan, Alauddin, army led by Makik Kafur defeated Ran Chandra (Yadava ruler of Devagiri), Pratap Rudradeva (Kakatiya ruler of Warangal), Vir Ballal III (Hoyasala ruler of Dwarsamundra) and Vir Padya (Pandya ruler of Madurai).
  • During his time, the army was directly recruited by the army minister (Ariz Mumalik). Alauddin also instituted the practice of recording the descriptive roll and Chehra (Huliya) of individual soldiers and the branding of horses (Dagh system).
  • The post of the special officer called Hustakhraj, was created for the purpose of collection of revenue.
  • Alauddin set up three market at Delhi to fix of all commodities one market for food-grains, the second for costly cloth and the third for horses, slaves and cattles. Each market was under the control of a high officer called Shahua. The check on market was kept by two officers, Diwan-i-Riyasat and Shahua-i-Mandi.
  • All goods for sale were brought to an open market called Sara-i-Adal.
  • He founded a new clothe market in Delhi known an Sara-i-Adal.
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Copper Coin of Alauddin Khilji

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