The best Cabbage cultivation process which will make you Rich

The best Cabbage cultivation process which will make you Rich

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Cabbage Cultivation

How to grow cabbage – a guide to plant cabbage from sowing to harvesting

In a few words, most cabbage growers start plants from seed in an internally safe environment. The period from internal sowing to transplanting is 18 to 38 days. Next, they plant small plants in a fertile, well-plowed field, free from weeds.

They plant small plants in rows so that proper space and air circulation exists between the plants. In most cases, drip irrigation and fertilization are used (fertilization through water-soluble fertilizers, which are then pumped into the irrigation system). In most varieties, the cabbage crop is ready 75 to 88 days after transplanting. Harvesting can be done by hand or by machine.

Read More: Grape fertilization management

Cabbage soil requirements

Cabbage is a plant that grows in nutrient rich, well drained soil. It also requires a sunny place. Before planting seeds or planting small plants, it is necessary to prepare suitable fields. Experienced farmers suggest that plowing the soil and compost or well rotten manure before planting plants or planting seeds directly is helpful.

In most cases, cabbage prefers fertile soil with a pH of 6 to 6,8. It is necessary to always keep the soil moist to grow plants and to get good quality yields.

Farmers can analyze the soil before planting. It is advisable to consult a local licensed agronomist to make a rational plan for preparing the field.

Cabbage water requirements

In most cases, drip irrigation and fertilization are used (fertilization through water-soluble fertilizers, which are added to the irrigation system.)

Cabbage needs sufficient amount of water to produce its leafy head. It is necessary to keep the soil moist, but it should not be too wet. We should be careful to irrigate our crops too much, because plants are unable to tolerate water logging.

Read more: Common insects and diseases of grape vine

Cabbage needs regular continuous irrigation to grow properly, to build firm ends, and to produce high quality leaves. While growing cabbage in the field, we can use sprinkler or drip irrigation system. To keep the soil constantly moist, farmers can lay a thin layer of mulch on the ground (ask your local licensed agronomist).

Cabbage and the distance between them. How to grow healthy and grown cabbage

Although cabbage can tolerate frost, it can be very badly affected during spring frost. Injured plants will produce crops with underdeveloped ends, low quality leaves and usually low quality and quantity. Care should be taken to plant cabbage seeds at appropriate time intervals, depending on the time of harvest.

In the middle of spring, farmers sow summer cabbage. Next, sow the autumn-winter varieties at the end of spring. Finally, spring cabbage is sown in the last days of summer and farmers harvest them for the second year.

6 to 8 weeks before the last frost of spring, we can plant cabbage seeds in seed beds or pots. In most cases, the proper temperature for growing cabbage is 55–75 ° F degrees (12–23 ° C). We need to water it continuously until the plants get 3 to 4 leaves. Plants are ready for transplanting 18-38 days after sowing.

After 3 leaves appear in the plants and they are 10–13 cm (4 to 5 in) long, we can plant them at our preferred place. Experienced farmers say that they often plant cabbage when the sky is cloudy, so that the plants can be protected from sudden sunlight. The best Cabbage cultivation process

No matter what method of planting we use, but regular irrigation is always necessary. As already stated, it is necessary to keep the soil moist for well-developed and healthy plants.

Read more: Grape harvesting – when and how to harvest your vineyard

To get good growth and increase their yield, farmers should take care of the following factors.

  • Seed planting rate: 250-400 grams (9 to 14 ounces) of seeds per hectare
  • Number of plants per hectare: 20000-40000 plants
  • 1 hectare = 2,47 acres = 10,000 square meters
  • The distance between plants in a row will normally be 40–70 cm (15–27 in). The distance between the rows would normally be 60–90 cm (23–35 in). Keep in mind that these numbers may vary depending on the shape of each head.
  • The closer the plants are, the smaller their heads are.
  • In most cases, it is beneficial to reduce their irrigation after the cabbage plants mature. It has been reported that due to more irrigation, the heads of cabbage can grow very quickly, split apart.
  • Farmers can consult local licensed agricultural experts to make proper plans for growing and growing healthy plants.

Requirements of manure in cabbage crop

It is necessary to analyze the soil before applying any manure. The safest method is to know the correct nutrient details of the soil. Cabbage needs a nutrient-rich soil to grow and increase production and yield. Some cabbage farmers apply well rotten manure and tillage in the field two weeks before planting the plants.

They also tell that after about two or three weeks of transplanting they can fertilize in small plants. It is important to let the cabbage plants grow in length before applying any compost. The best Cabbage cultivation process

In most cases, drip irrigation and fertilization are used (fertilization through fertilizers, which are added to the irrigation system). Alternatively, the compost can be applied to the soil.

In general, experienced farmers suggest a well-balanced fertilizer, consisting of essential nutrients in granular form, such as nitrogen (N), potassium (K) and phosphorus (P). We can add compost like N-P-K 10-10-10 or 10-3-3. We can put granular manure directly on the soil surface and irrigate it.

It is important to note that the seeds of manure should not come in contact with small plants, because this risks their burning. The best Cabbage cultivation process

However, these are just general patterns that should not be followed without doing your own research. Every farm is different and has different needs. You can consult a licensed agronomist after analyzing the soil.

Insects and diseases

Throughout its growing season, cabbage is susceptible to many types of insects and diseases. It is a plant that attracts a lot of insects. Knowing the enemies of our crop, we need to adopt an environmentally friendly way to face them. We can consult a local licensed professional for proper control of cabbage insects and diseases. The most common insects and diseases of cabbage are listed below.

Read More: Grape yield per hectare and acre

Worms

Small or large white butterflies of cabbage. These insects lay their eggs under the leaves of cabbage. When their larvae come out they eat the leaves.

Aphids. Cabbage aphids are gray-green in color and are easily identifiable. These insects mainly eat leaves.
pigeon. Pigeons and other small birds like to fly near crops and attack small plants.

Diseases

Alternaria Leaf Spot. It is a mildew disease caused by Alternaria species. It affects both younger plants and older plants with darker spots on the stem and brownish spots on the leaves. If we do not manage it properly then the infected leaves will fall yellow.

Black weathering. It is a bacterial disease caused by Xanthomonas campestris. It mainly infects the superficial parts of the plant.

Gentle mildew of cabbage. Peronospora parasitica is responsible for this disease, which causes necrotic spots on old leaves.

Insect and disease control

Prevention rather than action is the best way to control insects and diseases. Cabbage farmers should consider the following measures.

Use of certified seeds is necessary.

  • Use of resistant varieties and hybrids is necessary for local diseases.
  • In order to protect the cabbage from the attack of some insects, they can be planted on the crops by forging them.
  • Avoid over-fertilizing.
  • Wire gauze can protect cabbage plants from pigeon attacks.
  • In some cases, raising caterpillars and larvae by hand and throwing them carefully from crops may be a good solution.
  • For prevention of Alternaria leaf spots, it is suggested to collect the residues after harvesting and throw them away.
  • For the natural control of insects and diseases, we can use the crop cycle.

Cabbage harvesting and yield per hectare

As a general rule, it takes 18 to 38 days from planting seeds to planting of plants. In most varieties, the cabbage crop is ready 75 to 88 days after transplanting. There are also very quick growing varieties, which can be harvested in 55 days of transplanting. Some late-growing varieties mature about 95–105 days after transplanting.

The time of harvesting of our cabbage plants depends on their different varieties. There are some varieties that need to be kept in the field for a few more weeks after they have a solid and firm head. Conversely, some varieties need to be cut immediately after maturing. The best Cabbage cultivation process

Read More: Use of technology in contemporary viticulture

Important things about harvesting of cabbage:

  • Cabbage should be harvested after it is fully grown.
  • After the head of cabbage hardens and is fully formed, it is ready for harvesting.
  • We should check the hardness of cabbage at regular intervals. After reaching a size of 12 cm (5 in) you can squeeze it to check its hardness.
  • If the leaves of cabbage begin to separate, then we should cut them immediately.
  • We can cut cabbage from its base with a sharp knife.
  • In large commercial farms of cabbage, harvesting is done with automated machines that are connected to tractors.
  • These machines uproot the entire plant from the soil using the plow fruit. In this way the plant is completely destroyed. Soil, dust, stones and cabbage are sent to the nets where the cabbage is finally separated from the outer materials.
  • After harvesting, it is necessary to place the cabbage plants in a shade area.
  • In most cases, the proper temperature for storing cabbage is 32 to 40 ° F degrees (0–4 ° C). As a general rule, it requires a cool, moist place with about 95% humidity.

Cabbage yield per hectare

The average yield of cabbage is 30–70 tonnes per hectare. (Keep in mind that 1 ton = 1000 kg = 2200 pounds and 1 hectare = 2,47 acres = 10.000 m). There are also cases where farmers have produced more than 80 tonnes per hectare. Apparently, experienced farmers can get so much yield after many years of practice.

Do you have experience in cabbage cultivation? Please tell us about your experience, methods and practices in the comments below. Our agricultural experts will soon review the materials you have added. Once approved, it will be put on Generalstudies4u.com and after that it will positively impact thousands of new and experienced farmers around the world.

 

 

The best Cabbage cultivation process

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