The Battle of Plassey was fought on June 23, exactly 261
When was the Battle of Plassey?
The Battle of Plassey was a major battle on 23 June 1757 at Plassey, Bengal. This war took place between the British East India Company and the Nawab of Bengal and the French won and the Nawab of Bengal lost in this war.
The British East India Company had taken control of this part of the Indian subcontinent. Over the next hundred years, their area grew over a large part of India and the East-India and Eastern Islands. The war took place at Plassey, Bengal on the banks of the river Bhagirathi. The battle took place around 150 km (93 mi) north of Calcutta.
History of the Battle of Plassey
This was the time when Murshidabad was the capital of Bengal. Plassey is the English version of Palashi. The battle was fought between Siraj ud-Daulah, the last independent Nawab of Bengal and the British East India Company. When Siraj ud-Daulah attacked the planner of Calcutta and the war broke out due to the black closet accident.
(Sir William Meredith, during a parliamentary inquiry into Robert Clive’s actions in India, vindicated Siraj ud-Daulah in any allegations surrounding the black hole incident). Trouble between Siraj-ud-Daulah and the British came in the Battle of Plassey.
The reason for the Battle of Plassey?
The reason was that the British tried to close the fort around Fort William and without any notice and approval; Secondly, they made gross misconduct full use of the trade privileges given to them by the Mughal rulers, which resulted in a huge loss of customs for the government; And the third reason, he incited some officials against the Nawav and gave him shelter, for example, Krishnadasa, the son of Rajaballava, who fled Dhaka due to misuse of government money.
Therefore, when the East India Company began increasing military preparations at Fort William in Calcutta, Siraj asked them to stop. The company did not heed his instructions, so Siraj-ud Daula occupied Kolkata (it was renamed Alinagar). In June 1756, the Nawab assembled his army and took Fort William to Kavje.
The British sent several troops from Madras to Bengal under Colonel Robert Clive and Admiral Charles Watson. The British took control of Calcutta. Clive called this war a revolution. Clive then took control of the French fort at Chandranagar. This war was fought during the Seven Years’ War (1756-63).
The French East India Company sent a small group to fight against the British. Siraj-ud-Daula had more troops, and decided to fight at Plassey. The British were worried about having fewer soldiers. He formed a conspiracy with Mir Jafar, the leader of the Siraj-ud-Daulah office bearers, as well as others like Yar Lutuf Khan and Rai Dullabh.
Importance and The Result of The Battle of Plassy
It is considered one of the most important wars by the colonial powers for control of the Indian subcontinent. The British had now ended the rule of the Nawab. The British got a lot of revenue from trade.
The British used this revenue to increase their military power. They expelled other Europolonial powers such as the Dutch and the French outside of South Asia. This was a sign of the expansion of the British Empire in Asia.
As a reward for his betrayal, Mir Jafar was made the Nawab of Bengal. Former Nawab Mutsheed Kiki Khan instructed all critics of Bangla, Bihar and Ushesh not to sell any plots to the British East India Company.
Not only that, he also punished them. Later in 1717, the then Mughal ruler Farooqsher released the privileges of trade of the East India Company which was very fun for him, yet, Nawab Murshed Kulia Khan adopted a strict policy not to sell him any property.
But during the war between Nawab Alibirdi Khan and the Maratha Empire, the East India Company managed to buy three villages near the Hughi River, which were Calcutta, Shootanyati and Gobindpur, the British determined that this piece of land was used only This would be done for commercial purposes, although the East India Company reshaped the condition and built Fort William’s Palace in the midst of the war between Alberdi Khan and the Maratha Empire.
Nawab Alberdi Khan was very cautious about the political ambitions of the British East India Company and did not keep an eye on him to further consolidate his powers. In the last days of Nawab Alivardi Khan, he did not care to stop his powers from becoming stronger.
In the last days of Nawab Alivardi Khan, he analyzed all the details of the political situation in his localities and outlying areas and warned his designated heirs. He told his grandson Siraj Udala about the political ambitions of the East India Company.
Nawab Siraj Dadoula strictly followed the advice of his grandfather Nawab Alivardi Khan. When the East India Company was going to strengthen the fort, when the Nawab issued an order to stop the captivity of the fort, the British paid no attention to it, they continued to build the fort.
The British East India Company rejected the order of the Nawab, who enraged Nawab Siraj_Dowda and attacked and captured Calcutta and it is named Alinagar after his grandfather’s prefix Ali. It was the battleground of Plassey.