Significance of Kalinga War Which made him change
Significance of Kalinga War: Emperor Ashoka, the ruler of the Maurya dynasty, enjoys a very respectable place in the history of India. He is known worldwide for two reasons. First, for the Kalinga war and second, for the propagation of Buddhism in India and the world. But this is also a fact about the emperor whose message of peace is believed to contribute to the spread of peace and expansion of Buddhism, like those autocratic, dictators and harsh rulers have rarely happened in the history of India.
Ashoka was an angry king. According to stories, he used to keep hundreds of women in his harem and was arbitrary with them. They are accused of burning many people alive. Stories also say that he had given death sentence to hundreds of his ministers on suspicion of betrayal, just like dictators. He also built a torture house, where he used to imprison and torture his opponents. Those torture houses were so bad that they were called the hell of the earth at that time. People believe that it was because of these inhuman actions of Ashoka that he was called ‘Chand Ashoka’.
Period of the Mauryan Empire
Till the ninth year of his rule, Ashoka followed the expansionist policies of the Mauryan Empire. In this sequence, he attacked Kalinga, which is also known for Ashoka’s cruelty. Kalinga, which was an independent democratic state at that time. Ashok attacked it to win it. The ghost of victory was so much on Ashoka that he kept moving fast and cutting people. In this war, about 100,000 soldiers were killed and more than 150000 people were imprisoned. When Ashoka reached the battlefield after winning this war, he was heartbroken after seeing the dead bodies and the relatives mourning over them. From here the condition and direction of his life changed.
After this Kalinga war, Ashoka embraced Buddhism. He spread Buddhism not only in India but also abroad. For this, he built many stupas at places associated with Buddha’s life. He sent son Mahendra and daughter Sanghamitra to Ceylon. So, Buddhism can be propagated there. Ashoka built thousands of stupas for the followers of Buddhism. The Stupa at Sanchi is a great example of this. The Ashoka Pillar at Sarnath was built by Ashoka itself, which is a very popular stupa as well as a national icon of India.
Significance of Kalinga War