Reason for Partition of INDIA

Reason for Partition of INDIA-PAKISTAN | Part-3

Reason for Partition of INDIA-PAKISTAN | Part-3

Reason for Partition of INDIA-PAKISTAN | Part-3

Friends, in the last part of the story of the partition of India. I told how the British broke Bengal and Jinnah Rajneeti came. Now we carry forward the same story that when Nehru Ji refused to hand over power to Jinnah. It became clear to Jinnah that now there is no option but to build Pakistan. India also had a second chance to stop partition. When Jinnah’s doctor told the Congresspeople that Jinnah has TB and he is not a guest for many days. Congress leaders did not even listen to the doctor’s words and became blind in the greed of power. You must have known that Jinnah actually died after a few days after Partition.

It was now quite clear that Pakistan would remain as it was. So the British chose Lord Mountbatten, who was then Viceroy of India for this task. Lord Mountbatten announced at a press conference on 3 June 1947 that on 15 August, the British would leave India. Now, after talking to the leaders of India, he also announced the division on the basis of community. Lord Mountbatten kept the following points in this meeting.

Point of words

  • Hindus, Muslims, and Sikhs will gather from the assemblies of Punjab and Bengal and vote for partition. If the community holds the majority for division, those provinces will be divided.
  • Uttar Pradesh will have the right to take its own decision.
  • Northwest Frontier Province and Assam’s Sylhet district will be decided by referendum.
  • India will become independent on 15 August 1947.
  • The next independence of Bengal will be denied.
  • A Border Commission will be set up in case of partition.

All the political parties of India accepted this scheme. There were no rules for these princely states, they could also remain independent on their own will and if they could, they could meet any of these two countries. Eventually, the Muslim League’s dream of an independent nation was fulfilled and Congress’s principle of unity was broken. Mountbatten wanted that every piece of India is better. Now on June 3, communal tension increased after this announcement, but there were no riots. Gandhiji wore a silent vow that day because his dream of a nation was about to break.

With whom Gandhiji was angry?

Gandhiji was very angry with Nehru and Vallabhbhai Patel. Mountbatten was afraid at first that if Gandhiji had come to the meeting. All his plans would have gone in vain as he was against partition. But Mountbatten was surprised to see Gandhi silent on such an important occasion. Due to this decision. Many of his enemies had become because those who opposed the partition were completely silent on the important occasion. This is the reason why Hindu Mahasabha was very angry with his silence. This was the reason that Nathuram Godse killed Gandhiji. Gandhi, who was engaged for the entire age of the country, was finding himself helpless that day because he neither wanted violence nor division.

When was the Indian Independence Act was passed?

Now on 18 July, the Indian Independence Act was passed in the British Parliament and the British Government started preparing for partition. Now the British architect Radcliffe was called to India to make the border between India and Pakistan. On 8 July 1947, Radcliffe arrived in India and was given the task of constructing the boundary line in just five weeks. Now when Radcliffe got so little time. He asked the leaders of India to take more time for this work. Because it would take time to prepare such a big border, but the leaders of India talked about the partition with independence. Now there were five members in this Border Commission, Chairman Radcliffe, 2 members of Congress and 2 members of the Muslim League.

Which States which are not agreed?

Radcliffe was given the most difficult task of his life and now the lives of millions of people depended on his hands. By the way, it has been the policy of the British to divide it in a straight line from the beginning. If you see the map of Africa. You will know that it was also partitioned by the British and drew a straight border. It is impossible to draw a straight line on such a large area, but in the policy of their division, they could do anything. The British also aimed to cut 565 of India but 562 princely states accepted the merger of India but three provinces Hyderabad, Junagadh, and Jammu Kashmir wanted to declare their independent nation.

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It was not easy for Radcliffe to divide here because his one small mistake could create a huge controversy, so he started to draw a boundary line according to the community and means. The biggest problem for Radcliffe was Punjab because people of Hindu, Muslim, and Sikh sect lived in Punjab. Now he thought of cutting Punjab into two pieces so that both countries get an equal share. Some rich people had come to know that the partition of Punjab is sure to happen, so those people left their belongings and came to India before partition. The poor people still wanted to see Punjab merging with India in Partition.

When partition was completed?

Now by August 9, Radcliffe had done his work, but which anecdote would go to whom, he kept this secret so that the riots would not run before independence, but his decision was wrong. Now on 14 August 1947, a day before India’s independence, Pakistan was declared an independent nation and Jinnah was made the first Prime Minister of Pakistan. Lord Mountbatten attended that ceremony and the next day Mountbatten reached Delhi. On 15 August 1947, India was declared independent and lakhs of people gathered near the Red Fort in Delhi. In this way, Indo-Pak partition was successfully done, now in the next part, we will tell you about the tragedy of Indo-Pak partition.

Reason for Partition of INDIA-PAKISTAN | Part-3

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