Prime Minister and their work in India

Prime Minister and their work in India
Parliament of India

According to the system of the constitution, the name of the President in Parliamentary Government is the Executive Authority and the Prime Minister is the de facto Executive Authority, that is, the President is the head of the country and the Prime Minister is the Government. The following provisions have been made in this context-

⇨ The Union Government will have a Council of Ministers headed by the Prime Minister to assist and advise the President. The President will perform his functions according to this advice.

⇨ The Prime Minister will be appointed by the President.

⇨ Other ministers will also be appointed by the President on the advice of the Prime Minister.

⇨ Ministers will be able to continue in office only with the consent of the President.

The Council of Ministers will be collectively responsible to the Lok Sabha.

⇨ Ministers will be administered oath of office and secrecy by the President.

Minister If a minister is not a member of any House of Parliament for 6 consecutive months, he cannot be made a minister.

The salary and allowances of ministers will be decided by the Parliament.

Two more provisions have been added by the 91st Amendment Act 2003 –

Total In the Council of Ministers, the total number of ministers including the Prime Minister shall not exceed 15 percent of the total number of members of the Lok Sabha.

An A member of any House of Parliament affiliated to any political party if disqualified on grounds of change. So he would also be disqualified to become a minister.

Powers and functions of Prime Minister Power and Function

The powers of the Prime Minister and his work can be studied under the following headings –

Regarding the Council of Ministers

As the head of the Union Council of Ministers, the Prime Minister has the following powers:

⇨ The Prime Minister recommends those persons who can be appointed by the President as ministers, that is, the persons recommended by the Prime Minister can be appointed by this President.

⇨ He allocates various departments in the ministers and also changes them again.

मे In case of differences, the Prime Minister can demand the resignation of a minister or advise the President to dismiss him.

⇨ The Prime Minister presides over the meetings of the Council of Ministers and takes important decisions.

⇨ The Prime Minister gives directions to all ministers, and maintains coordination between their functions.

⇨ The Prime Minister can resign from his post and dissolve the Council of Ministers.

In relation to the President

The Prime Minister has the following powers in this regard-

⇨ The Prime Minister is the important link between the President and the Council of Ministers. In this form, the following tasks are done by the Prime Minister (Article 78) –

1. He apprises the President of the decisions taken by the Council of Ministers regarding the administrative proceedings of the Center and proposals related to the Legislative Assembly.

2. He provides information to the President on the demands of the President and proposals related to the legislation.

3. The Prime Minister, on demand by the President, presents a particular subject for the consideration of the Council of Ministers, the decision of which has been taken by a Minister but the Council of Ministers has not even considered that.

⇨ The Prime Minister provides advice to the President in the matter of appointment to important posts like Attorney General of India, Comptroller and Auditor General of India, Chairman and members of Union Public Service Commission, Election Commissioners, Chairman and members of Finance Commission.

In relation to Parliament

The Prime Minister is the leader of the lower house (Lok Sabha) and with this power, performs the following functions-

⇨ He advises the President regarding the convening and prorogation of the Parliament session.

⇨ He can recommend the President to dissolve Lok Sabha at any time.

⇨ He declares the policies of the government on the floor of the House.

Other Powers and Functions

⇨ Prime Minister – Chairman of Planning Commission, National Development Council, National Integration Council, and Inter-State Council.

⇨ The country plays an important role in formulating foreign policy.

⇨ He is the chief spokesperson of the Central Government

⇨ He is the prime mover of political level crisis during emergency.

प्रधानमंत्री As a national leader, the Prime Minister meets people of different sections of different states and takes information about their problems.

⇨ He is the leader of the ruling party.

⇨ He is the political head of the services.

Thus, the Prime Minister would play a very important and risky role in the political administration system of the country. is. Dr. B. R. According to Ambedkar, ‘Any executive under our Constitution is comparable to the President of the United States, then he is the Prime Minister and not the President of the Union’.


Prime Minister of India

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