Press Council of India and their Works

Press Council of India and their Works
Indian Press Council

The Press Council of India is a legal quasi-judicial body created by an Act of Parliament. It was first established in 1966 under the Press Council of India Act, 1965 on the recommendations of the First Press Commission with the dual objective of maintaining freedom of the press and maintaining and improving the standards of newspapers and news agencies in India. . The 1965 Act was repealed in 1975 and the Press Council was abolished during the Emergency. Like the 1965 Act, a new Act was enacted in 1978 on the same grounds and in 1979 the Press Council was reestablished under this Act.

The press controls itself through the Press Council. The reason for the existence of this unique institution lies in the concept that in a democratic society the press needs to be completely independent and responsible.

If the press has to act as the public interest, then it should have the freedom of safe expression which is free from any. But this claim of press freedom will be valid only when it is done with proper sense of subsistence obligation. Therefore, the press should follow accepted standards of journalistic policy and maintain high levels of professional conduct.

Where standards are violated and freedom is misused by professional conduct, then there must be some way to investigate and control it, but control by government or government authorities can prove to be a destroyer of freedom. Therefore, the best way is that all the partners of this business, with the help of some prudent people, control it through proper structural machinery. Hence the Press Council was created.

Structure and purpose

The President of the Press Council is the head, who by convention has been a sitting / retired Judge of the Supreme Court of India. The council consists of 28 other members of which 20 are representatives of the press. Five members are from both houses of Parliament, representing the interest of the readers and three members from the fields of cultural, literature and law, respectively, the University Grants Commission; Sahitya Akademi, and is nominated by the Law Council of India. The term of the Chairman and the members is three years. The Press Council Act does not provide for the individual membership of newspapers or individuals of the press. But to reach out to the newspapers of the country and to provide its judicial and advisory role, the Press Council levies an annual fee on the newspapers / news agencies / magazines which contribute to the Council’s revenue.

As per the provision made in Section 13 of the 1978 Act, the purpose of the Press Council of India is to maintain the freedom of the press and to maintain and improve the standards of newspapers and news agencies in India. As per the Act, the Council has also been assigned the role of advisor. According to this, the Council may study the matters referred to it by self-motivation or by the Government under Section 13 (2) of the Act and express its opinion in relation to any legislation, legislation, law or other matters relating to the Press and the Government. And can give their opinion to the affiliated persons. In matters relating to its legal responsibilities for public importance, the Council may take suo motu cognizance and constitute a special committee to conduct an immediate inquiry.

Important Functions for the Press Council

While expanding the objectives of the Press Council, there are some important functions in respect of which the Press Council is expected to do these, such as helping to maintain the independence of newspapers, news agencies; To prepare a code of conduct for newspapers, news agencies and journalists according to high professional standards; Maintaining high standards of public interest on behalf of newspapers. News agencies and journalists, and a fair sense of both rights and responsibilities. Reviewing any developments likely to unleash the dissemination of news of public interest and importance; Promote appropriate functional relationships among all classes of people engaged in the production. Or publication of newspapers or in news agencies, and promote themselves from developments. Such as the concentration of newspaper ownership or other aspects affecting the freedom of the press to link.

The most healthy and unique feature of the Press Council of India is. That it is also one of the few bodies set up under the Act of Parliament. In most of the countries of the world, similar institutions. Or similar bodies are voluntary organizations or have come into existence after the Press Council of India. Despite the fact that a large part of its funds are government-funded grants. It still enjoys functional autonomy and independence from government control in the discharge of its legal responsibilities.

Duties of public authority

  • Protection of press freedom
  • Maintaining and improving the standards of newspapers and news agencies in India
  • To cancel the existing declaration under section 8B of the Press and Book Registration Act, 1867. Or refuse to authenticate the declaration under section 6. To redress the grievance of the aggrieved person by order of the magistrate of 1867. It has been given additional work of the Appellate Authority under the said Act.
  • To help newspapers and news agencies maintain their independence.
  • To create a code of conduct for newspapers, news agencies and journalists to suit high occupational levels.
  • Ensuring the maintenance of high levels of public interest on the part of newspapers. News agencies and journalists and promoting a proper sense of both rights and responsibilities.
  • Keeping an eye on any such event which may prevent the dissemination of public interest and mass news.
  • To promote proper functional relations among all classes of persons engaged in the production or publication of newspapers or news agencies.
  • Interfering with an event such as concentration of ownership of newspapers. News agencies or other aspects that may affect the freedom of the press.
  • Redress of complaints made by the general public, newspapers and journalists. Regarding violation of freedom of press or standards of journalism.
  • Taking basic action or studying the letter sent to it by the government. Expressing opinions on other matters at the touch of a bill, legislation, law or press and communicating the opinion to the authorities or concerned persons.
  • Taking basic action in matters of public importance and investigating the site of the incident. While touching on its statutory obligations.


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