The Constitution of the Republic of India, which came into effect on January 26, 1950, after being approved by the Constituent Assembly on November 26, 1949. The original of this elaborate edition took nearly five years to produce. It is signed by the framers of the constitution, most of whom are regarded as the founders of the Republic of India. The original of the book is kept in a special helium-filled case in the Library of the Parliament of India.

Article (152-237)

Clause 6 provides provisions in relation to states. (152-161): Under this the appointment, obligations and functioning of the governors of the states are explained in detail. (163): It mentions the role of the Council of Ministers in supporting and advising the Governor. (165): has given in detail the procedure for appointment of the Advocate General of the State by the Governor. (170): The composition of the state legislatures is given. (171): It gives information about the structure of the State Legislative Councils. (194): Information about the powers, privileges of the Houses of Legislatures and their members and committees is given. (214-237): The High Court and its jurisdiction, appointment of Chief Justice of High Courts, appointment of District Judges, control over lower courts, etc. are defined in these paragraphs.
PART -VI :STATES (Article 152 – 237)
Article (152) In this part of Constitution, unless the context otherwise requires, “State” (except the State of Jammu and Kashmir).
Article (153) There shall be a Governor for each State.
Article (154) The executive power of the State shall be vested in the Governor and he shall use it according to this Constitution by himself or by his subordinate officers.
Article (155) The Governor of the State shall be appointed by the President with his signature and currency by warrant.
Article (156) The Governor shall hold office during the pleasure of the President.
Article (157) A person shall be eligible to be appointed Governor only if he is a citizen of India and has completed the age of thirty-five years.
Article (159) The Governor shall take oath before the Chief Justice of the High Court or in his absence before the Supreme Judge available.
Article (161) The Governor of a State shall have the power to pardon, delay, suspend or remit the punishment for any offense against the executive law of that State, or to suspend, remit or commute in a sentence.
Article (163) A Council of Ministers shall be headed by the Chief Minister to assist and advise the Governor in the exercise of his functions.
Article (163-3)This question shall not be examined in any court as to whether the Ministers gave the Governor any advice, and if it did.
Article (164) The Governor will be appointed by the Chief Minister and the other ministers will be appointed by the Governor on the advice of the Chief Minister and the Minister will hold his post after the Governor’s offerings.
Article (164A) The total number of ministers including the Chief Minister in the Council of Ministers of a State shall not exceed fifteen percent of the total number of members of the Legislative Assembly of that State (the number shall not be less than twelve).
Article (164 -2)The Council of Ministers shall be collectively responsible to the Legislative Assembly of the State.
Article (165 -1)The Governor shall appoint a person to be the Advocate-General of the State (qualified to be a Judge of the High Court).
Article (165 -3)The Advocate General shall hold office during the pleasure of the Governor and shall receive such remuneration as the Governor may prescribe.
Article (166) All executive action of the Government of a State shall be called in the name of the Governor.
Article (167) It will be the duty of the Chief Minister of each state to give information to the Governor as demanded by the Rajpal.
Article (168 -1)There shall be a Legislature for each State which is the Governor (2) There are two Houses of the Legislature of a State where one is named Legislative Council and the other name is Vidhan Sabha and there is only one House where it will be Legislative .
Article (170)Assembly Structure, the Legislative Assembly of each state shall consist of not more than five hundred and sixty non-elected members elected by direct election from territorial constituencies in that state.
Article (171): It gives information about the structure of the State Legislative Councils.
Article (172) Each assembly of each state, if not already dissolved, will remain for five years from the date fixed for its first session.
Article (173)Qualification for membership of the State Legislature (a) He is a citizen of India (b) At least twenty five years of age and at least thirty years of age for the Legislative Council.
Article (174) The Governor shall, from time to time, summon the House or each House of the State Legislature for a session.
Article (174 -2)The Governor may (a) prorogue the House or any House (b) dissolve the Legislative Assembly.
Article (176 -1)The Governor shall address both the Houses at the beginning of the first session after each general election to the Legislative Assembly and at the beginning of the first session of each year in the Assembly or in the case of a State having a Legislative Council.
Article (178)Speaker and Deputy Speaker of Legislative Assembly.
Article (182) The Legislative Council of each State having a Legislative Council shall, as soon as possible, elect two of its members to be its Chairman and Deputy Chairman.
Article (183)Vacation of the post of Chairman and Deputy Chairman.
Article (212)Courts not to investigate proceedings of Legislature.
Article (214) There shall be a High Court for each State.
Article (215)Record of High Courts to be Court.
Article (216) Each High Court shall consist of the Chief Justice and such other Judges as the President may consider necessary to be appointed from time to time.
Article (220)Restrictions on the practice of law after being a permanent judge.
Article (221)Salaries of judges etc.
Article (222)Transfer of a Judge from one High Court to another High Court.
Article (228) Transfer of certain cases to the High Court – if it is resolved by the High Court that any matter pending in any court subordinate to it contains a substantive question of law regarding the interpretation of this Constitution for the retention of the retention case. If necessary, he will take that matter to himself (Ram Janmabhoomi case).
Article (229)Officers and servants of the High Courts and expenses and appointments shall be the Chief Justice of that Court.
Article (231)Establishment of a single High Court for two or more states.
Article (233)Appointment of District Judges.


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