PART-IV INDIAN CONSTITUTION:DIRECTIVE PRINCIPLES OF STATE POLICY (DPSP)

PART – IV (ARTICLE 36 TO 51)

DIRECTIVE PRINCIPLES OF STATE POLICY (DPSP)

The Directive Principles of State Policy denote the ideals that the state should keep in mind while formulating policies and enacting laws.These are constitutional instructions to the state in legislative, executive and administrative matter.The Directive Principles of State Policy have been adopted from the Constitution of Ireland.They are a unique blend of Socialism,Gandhism, Liberalism and the ideals of the Indian National Movement.
PART - IV OF INDIAN CONSTITUTION:DIRECTIVE PRINCIPLES OF STATE POLICY (DPSP) ~GENERAL STUDIES 4 U
DIRECTIVE PRINCIPLES OF STATE POLICY
 

SOCIO-ECONOMIC PRINCIPLES

Article 38
To promote the welfare of the people by securing a social order permeated by social,economic and political justice.
Article 39 
To secure 
The right to adequate means of livelihood for all citizens.
The equitable distribution of medical resources.
Equal pay for equal work for men and women.
Opportunities for healthy development for children etc.
Article 39A
To promote equal justice and to provide free legal aid to the poor.
Article 41 
To secure the right to work,to education and to public assistance in certain cases.
Article 42
To make provisions for just and humane aid for work and maternity relief.
Article 43
To secure a living wage, a decent standard of life and social and cultural opportunities for all workers.
Article 47
To raise the level of nutrition and the standard of living of people and to improve public health.
GANDHIAN PRINCIPLES
Article 40 
The establishment of village panchayats, and endow them powerful enough to function as a unit of self-government.
Article 43
To promote cottage industries on an individual or co-operative basis in rural areas.
Article 46
To promote the educational and economic interests of SCs, STs, and other weaker sections of the society.
Article 47
To prohibit the consumption of intoxicating drinks and drugs.
Article 48
To prohibit the slaughter of cows,calves and other cattle and to improve their breeds.

LIBERAL PRINCIPLES

Article 44
Uniform civil code for the citizens.
Article 45
Provide early childhood care and education for all children until they complete the age of six years.
Article 48
To protect monuments,places and objects of artistic or historic interest which are declared to be of national importance.
Article 50
Separation of judiciary from executive.
Article 51

To promote international peace and amity.

PART - IV OF INDIAN CONSTITUTION:DIRECTIVE PRINCIPLES OF STATE POLICY (DPSP) ~GENERAL STUDIES 4 U
DIRECTIVE PRINCIPLES OF STATE POLICY

 

IMPLEMENTATION OF DIRECTIVE PRINCIPLES

Since 1950,Center and State Government have made several laws and formulated various programmes for implementing the Directive Principles.
The Planning Commission was set up in 1950 to aim at securing socio-economic justice and reducing inequalities of income,status and opportunities.
All states have passed land reform laws to bring changes in the agrarian society and abolished the intermediaries like Zamindaris, jagirdaris, inamdaris etc.
The Minimum Wage Act (1948), Labour Regulation and Abolition Act (1970), Child Labour Prohibition and Regulation Act (1986), the Bonded Labour System, Abolition Act (1976) etc have been passed to protect the interest of labour sections.
The Maternity Benefit Act (1961) and Equal Remuneration Act (1976) have been made to protect the interests of women workers.
To provide free and competent legal aid to the poor and to organise lok adalats for promoting equal justice,the Legal Service Authorities Act, 1987, has been passed.
Khadi and Village Industries Board,National Small Scale Industries Board,Handloom Board, Handicraft Board,Coir Board have been set up for the development of cottage industries in the rural areas.
Several programmes have been launched for raising the standard of living of people, i.e., Jawahar Rozgar Yojana (1989), Swarnajayanti Gram Swarozgar Yojana ( 1999), Sampoorna Grameen Roozgar Yojana (2001), National Rural Employment Guarantee Programme (2006).
The Wildlife Protection Act (1972),National Forest Policy (1986) have been enacted to aim at the protection, conservation and development of forests.
The 73rd Amendment Act (1992) has been enacted to introduced three-tier Panchayati Raj System.
Seats are reserved for SCs,STs and other weaker sections (like OBCs) in educational institutions, government services and representative bodies.
The Criminal Procedure Code (1975) separated the judiciary from the executive in the public services of the state.
The Ancient and Historical Monuments and Archaeological Sites and Remains Act (1951) has been enacted to protect monuments, places and objects of national importance.
Primary health centers and hospitals have been established throughout the country to improve the public heath.There are laws to prohibit cow slaughter.

India has been following the policy of non-alignment and Panchsheel to promote international peace and security.Along with this,India is active member of UN and other related institutions.

FUNDAMENTAL DUTIES (Article 51A)

 
Originally, the Constitutions didn’t contain any Fundamental Duties Later in 1976, by the 42nd Amendment Act the Fundamental Duties of citizens were added in the Constitution.It contains duties of the Constitution.These duties are inspired by the Constitution of erstwhile USSR. None of the major democracies in the world has Fundamental Duties.According to Article 51A, it shall be the duty of every citizen of India.

To abide by the Constitution and respect its ideals and institutions,the National Flag and the National Anthem.
To cherish and follow the noble ideals which inspired our national struggle for freedom.
To uphold and protect the sovereignty,unity and integrity of India.
To defend the country and render national service when called upon to do so.
To promote harmony and the spirit of common brotherhood amongst all the people of India,transcending religious,linguistic and regional or sectional diversities, to renounce practices derogatory to the dignity of women.
To value and preserve the rich heritage of our composite culture.
To protect and improve the natural environment including forests,lakes,rivers and wild life and to have compassion for living creatures.
To develop the scientific temper,humanism and the spirit of inquiry and reform.
To safeguard public property and to adjure violence.
To strive towards excellence in all spheres of individual and collective activity so that the nation constantly rises to higher levels of endeavor and achievement.
Every citizen ‘who is a parent or a guardian, to provide opportunities for education to his child or as the case may be ward between the age of six and fourteen years’.

The 11th Fundamental Duties were added by 86th Constitution Amendment in 2002.

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