NORTHERN INDIAN KINGDOMS

NORTHERN INDIAN KINGDOMS

The powerful kingdoms arose between AD 750-AD 1000.  The Rashtrakutas were ruling Northern Deccan, the Pratiharas in Avanti and Parts of Southern Rajasthan and the Palas in Bengal.  All three were engaged in a continual tripartite struggle.
The first invader was Mahmud of Ghazni.

THE RAJPUTS

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The Rajputs

Rajputs came into prominence in the AD ninth and AD tenth centuries.
There is also a body of opinion claiming that some of them were foreign immigrants assimilated into Hindu fold over the centuries.  Lastly, there were the Agnikulas, the fire family.

THE CHANDELLAS

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Khajuraho Group of Monuments

The Chandellas became rulers in Southern Bundelkhan under Nannuka early in the AD ninth century.
He had his capital at Kharjuravahaka (modern Kharjuraho).
He was a patron of learning and fine arts and built Kendriya Mahadeva temple at Khajuraho in AD 1000.

CHAUHAN

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Prithviraj Chauhan

Ruled over Shakambri (modern Sambhar -Rajasthan).
Founder-Semharaja.
Important king-Prithviraj Chauhan.
The 1st Battle of Tarain 1191 Prithviraj Chauhan defeated Mohammad Ghori.
The 2nd Battle of Tarain 1192 – Mohammad Ghori defeated Prithiviraj Chauhan.
His court Poet was Chandbardai who composed Prithviraj Raso.

GHADVALS

They ruled over Kannauj.
Important king was Jai Chand who was defeated by Mohammad Ghori in 1194 in the Battle of Chandawar.

THE CHALUKAYAS (ANHILWARA)

The Chalukayas or Solankis were the rulers of Gujarat and Kathiawar for about three and a half centuries.
Dilwara temple was built by the Solankis at Mount. Abu (Western Indian style of Architecture at Sirohi District. of Rajasthan).
Important ruler-Pulkeshin II, Aihol inscription is associated with him which was composed by his court poet Ravikirti.

THE PARAMARAS

The main branch of the Paramaras comprised descendants of the Rashtrakutas who ruled over Malwa.
The dynasty was founded by Upendra or Krishnaraju.
Bhoja (1010-1055) is the best king of the Paramara rulers, also called as Kaviraj.  He wrote the Samaraganasutradhar (a rare work on architecture ) and the Ayurvedasaravasva (work on medicine).

NORTHERN INDIAN KINGDOMS,

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