- Muizzuddin Muhammad-Bin-Sam (known as Muhammad Ghori), the last Turkish conqueror of North India, had no son.
- The king of Delhi, Prithviraj Chauhan completely routed Ghori’s forces in AD 1191 at Tarain (first Battle of Tarain).
- Prithviraj was defeated in the second battle of Tarain (AD 1192), Delhi and Ajmer were captured by Muhammad Ghori.
- He captured Delhi and Ajmer and thus laid the foundation of Muslim Rule in India.
- Also defeated Jaichandra (Ruler of Kannauj) at Chhandwar in AD 1194.
- BAkhtiyar Khilji, his general, annexed Eastern India and destroyed Nalanda and Vikramshila University.
- Died in AD 1206, leaving Qutub-ud-din Aibak the charge.
- Khawaja Moinuddin Chisti Sufi Saint Khwaja Moinuddin Chisti came with him from Afghanistan. The tomb of Moinuddin Chisti in Ajmer is also known as Ajmer Sharif. He is the founder of Chisti Silsila.
The Reason that led to the Invasion’s on India
Muhammad Ghori was an ambitious leader. He was the younger brother of the ruler of Gaur, Ghais-ud-Din, who handed the responsibility to Ghori to rule over Ghazni in 1173 AD. But Ghori, being a very ambitious ruler, was not satisfied with only Ghazni and wanted to expand his empire to get hold of more power and control and wanted to conquer India. He was well aware of India’s political, religious, social, and military weaknesses and also the enormous wealth and gold that India had. He wanted to attain more power and more wealth. And He also had the desire to spread Islam in India by conquering the Hindus of the country. Thus, for all these reasons, he carried out a number of invasions to take over India.
Invasion on India by Muhammad Ghori
Muhammad Ghori was a never-ending conquering warrior and skilled Afghan commander whose objective of invading India and conquering India was different from the objectives of Mohammad Qasim and Mahmud Ghaznavi. Mohammed Ghori not only wanted to loot India and run his coin on India, but his main objective was to establish a Muslim state in India, so in Indian history, the founder of the Ottoman Empire, Mohammed Ghori has been considered.
In order to establish his suzerainty over India, Muhammad Ghori first attacked Multan in the year 1175 when the Karamata who believed the Shia faith were ruling there. Although Ghori won over Multan. After this, Ghori invaded Gujarat in the year 1178 AD with the aim of establishing an Islamic state throughout India.
However, the ruler of Gujarat thwarted the nefarious move of Ghori and drove him from Gujarat. This was the first defeat of Ghori, taking lessons from this, Mohammad Ghori changed the course of his conquests in India and tried to assert his authority in India on behalf of Punjab.
Mohammad Ghori conquered Punjab from the year 1179 to 1186 with the aim of realizing his dream of taking over India. At the same time, when he invaded Punjab when Mahmud was ruling in Punjab, Ghori defeated him and captured Punjab.
He then won in Peshawar, Syalkot, and then Lahore and Bhatinda. In this way, Mohammad Ghori acquired his authority in most of the areas of Punjab, which cleared the way for Mohammad Ghori to advance to the plains of northern India, but Mohammad Ghori’s state borders Delhi. And Prithviraj Chauhan, the great ruler of Ajmer, was engaged in the kingdom, so Ghori was called the great mighty warrior Prith, Viraj forced hostility turn Chauhan.
At the same time, it is also said that Prithviraj’s enemy King Jayachanda encouraged Mohammad Ghori to fight against Prithviraj and promised that he would help Ghori in this war. This was followed by a fierce battle between Mohammad Ghori and Prithviraj Chauhan.
Death of Muhammad Ghori
In 1206, when Ghori was going to Ghazni, he was killed by someone in Dhamyak district of Jhelum (now in Pakistan). Some say that this act was the result of the revenge, for the massacres that took place in India due to Ghori’s invasions of India.
Stories of Mohammad Ghori’s valor and courage have been written in golden letters in Indian history. At the same time, he is still remembered as the founder of the Ottoman Empire in India.