The Lodis (AD 1451-1526)
The Lodi Dynasty was the last to rule over the Delhi Sultanate and it was a Pashtun Dynasty. Pashtun people are ethnic Afghan people who belong to the Eastern Iranian ethnic group. They are also known as “Pathans”. The founder of the Lodi Dynasty was Bahlul Khan Lodi, whose rule lasted from 1451 to 1526. The first Portuguese Armada landed the first time in the country, under Vasco da Gama during the rule of the Lodi Dynasty.
Bahlul Lodi (AD 1451-1489)
- Founded Lodi dynasty.
- The first Sultan in Delhi was Bahlul Lodi (AD 1452-89).
- He was one of the Afghan Sardars who established themselves in Punjab after Timur’s invasion.
- Revived Sultanate to quite an extent.
Sikandar Lodi (AD 1489-1517)
- He was the noblest and the ablest ruler of the 3 Lodi rulers.
- Set-up an efficient coinage system and introduced the system of auditing of accounts.
- Took care of the department of Justice and the department of Agriculture.
- Repaired Qutub Minar.
- Introduced the measuring scale “Gaz-i-Sikandari” for measuring cultivated fields.
- Wrote Persian verses with the name of the Gul-rukhi.
- Founded Agra in AD 1504 and made it as his capital.
- Jazia reimposed.
- Women were prohibited to go on Saint’s grave.
- Imposed ban on any language other than Persian.
Ibrahim Lodi (AD 1517-1526)
- He was not a very fit ruler.
- He was defeated and killed by Bahur in the first Battle of Panipat (AD 1526) and the Sultanate period ended.
- Administration/Kingdom was divided into iqtas.
- The head of the civil administration was a Wazir (Head of the finance department).
- The Wazir was assisted by a deputy or Naib Wazir, an Accountant General (Mushrif-i-mumalik) and the Auditor General (Maustauji-i-Mumalik).
- The Chief Justice was Qazi-i-Mumalik (having both religious and secular functions). He was responsible for the enforcement of the shar.
- The officer-in-charge of the royal correspondence army head was known by the name of Ariz-i-mumalik and he was responsible for all military works like recruitment, payment, inspection of the troops.
- Barid-i-mumalik The officer-in-charge of royal post and news agency.
The provinces were divided into ‘shiqs’ under the control of ‘Shiqdars’. The next unit was paraganas headed by munsifs.
- Diwan-i-Insha Department of Correspondence
- Diwan-i-Ariz Military Department
- Diwan-i-Rasalat Department of Appeals
- Diwan-i-Qaza-i-Mumalik Department of Justice
- Diwan-i-Isthiaq Department of Pensions