KARGIL WAR (26 JULY 1999)
India won the Kargil war on 26 July 1999. The Kargil war that lasted for nearly two months is one such example of the courage and fervor of the Indian Army, which every countryman should be proud of. In this battle fought in Kargil at an altitude of about 18 thousand feet, the country had lost more than 527 brave warriors, while more than 1300 were injured.
By the way, Pakistan started this war on 3 May 1999 when it infiltrated the high hills of Kargil with 5,000 soldiers and captured it. When the Indian government came to know about this, the army launched Operation Vijay to drive out the Pakistani soldiers. The Indian Air Force also used MiG-27 and MiG-29 against Pakistan. After this, bombs were dropped wherever Pakistan occupied. In addition, with the help of MiG-29, many targets in Pakistan were attacked with R-77 missiles.
A large number of rockets and bombs were used in this war. During this time, about two lakh fifty thousand shells were fired. At the same time, more than 300 mortars, cannons and rockets were used to fire 5,000 bombs. One round per minute was fired every day in 17 days of fighting. It is said that after World War II, this was a war in which a large number of the enemy’s army was bombed.
KARGIL WAR EVENTS
- 3 May, a Kashmiri shepherd told the Indian Army that the Pakistani army had captured Kargil.
- 5 May, when the Indian Army went on patrolling, they were captured and 5 soldiers were killed.
- 27 May, MiG-27 and MiG-29 were used by the Indian Air Force to chase down Pakistan.
- 5 June, the Indian Army informed the Indian media about the capture of the Pak Rangers. This news created panic in India’s newspapers.
- From June 6, the Indian Army made up its mind to attack Pakistan with full force. On 9 June, India hoisted the tricolor at 2 outposts of the Baltic.
- 11 June, India released an audio recording of the conversation between General Pervez Musharraf and the President of the Pakistan Army General Aziz Khan in front of the whole world and said that the Pakistan Army has a hand in this nefarious act.
- 13 June, the Indian Army hoisted the tricolor at the weighing post in the Dras sector by repelling the Pakistani army.
- June 15, the US had to intervene in the India-Pakistan war. US President Bill Clinton called on Pervez Musharraf to quickly withdraw his army from the Kargil sector.
- 29 June, Indian Army Surveys waved the tricolor again at two posts near Tiger Hill. This post was important from the Indian perspective, hence it was captured early. The name of both these posts is 5060 and 5100.
- The Indian Army had broken the morale of Pakistan. On 2 July, Indian Army personnel surrounded Kargil from all three sides. There was a lot of firing, bombing on both sides. Soldiers were also martyred. However, India eventually waved the tricolor at Tiger Hill. India gradually took over all the posts and reported this to the US.
- Immediately Prime Minister Atal Bihari Bajpai announced the victory of Operation Vijay to the people of the country. Later, as a commemoration of the martyrdom of the soldiers, on July 26, they announced to celebrate Kargil Vijay Day every year.