Kargil War Story
Kargil is a district headquarters located in Jammu and Kashmir at the confluence of the Suru and Shingo rivers and to the northwest of the Zojila Pass. National Highway No. 1A from Srinagar to Leh passes through here. Kargil is headquartered in 121 (independent) Infantry Brigade. Kargil is spread over an area of 168 km on the Kargil sector control line from Kaobal Gali in the west to Chhotabat La in the east. The Puri control line is 4-5 thousand meters high and is usually located on the water divider.
An Infantry Battalion of Brigade was stationed at Dras and two battalions and a Border Security Force battalion at Kargil. Another Infantry Battalion was stationed on either side of the Indus in the Batalik region. The Ladakh Scouts were entrusted with the responsibility of protecting Chorbat La along the old route from Leh to Skardu. Out of a total area of 168 km, no deployment was made in about 80 km.
In this 80 km area, patrolling was done regularly during the summer days, but there were some irregularities in patrolling in the winter of Kadake. Many posts were usually evacuated in winter, but in view of the possibility of danger, only one outpost Bajrang – which was located in Kaksar sector – was evacuated and that too on 2 March 1999.
Kargil Kargil was not considered as a very active area in the context of anti-insurgency operations in the valley. Compared to other areas, the activities of terrorists were seen here very rarely. Kargil was under the control area of Kargil Sector 3 Infantry Division. Kargil In addition to protecting the Kargil sector, he was entrusted with the responsibility of guarding the actual control line between India and China in the Siachen region and Ladakh. 3 Infantry Division was headquartered in Leh. In this way, the divisional headquarters were entrusted with the responsibility of protecting a large area.
Kargil In the Kargil sector, since 1997, there was an increase in firing from both sides, which had increased till 1998. Despite this, Kargil sector was considered to be more peaceful than other areas of Jammu and Kashmir. Later, after infiltration attempts were made through the Mushkoh Valley, plans were made to establish an additional brigade head quarter and two additional battalions at Dras. Thus, a plan was made to form Dras as a separate brigade sector.
The first indication of infiltration from Pakistan in this area came when on 3 May 1999, some shepherds informed 3 Punjab posted in the Batalik sector that they saw teams of armed men digging bunkers in Banju area, who were wearing Pathani costumes. Were in 3 Punjab increased patrolling in the area and by 7 May 1999 infiltration was noticed. Headquarters of 3 Infantry Division started immediate action. By 10 May 1999, two battalions were deployed in the Batalik sector. The headquarters of 70 Infantry Brigade was established at Batalik to take command of the campaign in this area.
After the intrusion was detected in the Batalik sector, vigilance was also increased in other areas. It is estimated that 200-250 intruders were active in Batalik sector, 80100 intruders in Kaksar sector, 60-80 intruders in Dras sector and 202250 intruders in Mushkoh sector. It was also confirmed that the enemy had established control lines in Turtok Sector and on the other side. Between 18-31 May, troops were stationed some more in Chirbat La sector and the enemy’s attempts to infiltrate the area were completely thwarted.
Kargil was very clear from what he was seeing in Kargil that he was a part of Pakistan’s planned plan to change the control line using his regular forces. It was also clear that good resources and good preparation would be needed to evacuate the peaks which the enemy had captured. Initially, efforts were made to drive away the enemy, a large number of soldiers were casualties.
On 26 May, the Indian Air Force was also included in this campaign. Initially the Air Force also had to suffer damage but later it had improved its strategy. He extended very important assistance to the Army for further operations. Important information was received about the enemy’s power and its deployment through several special operations, limited attacks and patrolling. It was revealed that Batalik and Kargil Kargil Dras Mushkoh sector had one enemy brigade stationed.
Each brigade initially consisted of two battalions of Pakistan’s Northern Line Infantry, two companies of the Special Services Group and about 600–700 soldiers of the Frontier Core. Apart from these, each brigade consisted of about 15 Artillery units and regular engineers, signals and administrative units.
Initially, there was a plan to evacuate those areas from the enemy, from where they were occupying the National Highway No. 1A and after that there was a plan to drive the enemy away from other areas. Keeping in mind the political and diplomatic aspects, it was decided to go beyond the control line. On a priority basis, it was planned to secure the Dras sector, then the Mushkoh Valley, then the Batalik sector and then the Kaksar sector.
The Headquarter of the 8 Mountain Division was entrusted with the responsibility of driving the Pakistanis out of the Kargil and Dras Mushkoh sectors. He had 56, 79 and 192 Mountain Brigade under his control. 3 Infantry Division was responsible for the operations of Batalik and Turtok sectors. 70 Mountain Brigade had already been dispatched to take charge of the expedition to the Batalik sector.
The plan was to capture the Tololing sector first in Dras Mushkoh sector. The original guard of the Dras had already made three unsuccessful attempts to recapture 18 Grenadiers Tololing. On 2 June 18 Grenadiers made their fourth attempt to capture Tololing. Facing heavy firing, the battalion reached such a location by 10 June, which was about 30 meters below the Pakistani position.
2 Rajputana Rifles used that place as a strong base to occupy the Tolo Linga on 12 June. On June 12, at 11 o’clock he started the attack and after a brief battle, captured Point 4590. After that 18 Grenadiers proceeded with 12 Rajputana rifles and occupied the position 3 km ahead of point 4590. Later the same position Point 4590 was used to attack Point 5140.
13 Jammu and Kashmir Rifles tried twice to capture Point 5140 but did not get much success. On 19 June, three battalions, 18 Garhwal Rifles, 13 Jammu and Kashmir Rifles and 1 Naga, launched a multi-cornered attack together. The position was finally occupied by 3:35 pm on 20 June.
In the next part of this story of Kargil war, we will tell you the story of the valor of Captain Vikram Batra and the glorious war of the Kargil war till then you should not forget to give the martyrdom of Kargil through your thoughts.
Kargil War Story