Jainism origin Religious Movement
According to Jain tradition, there were a total of 24 Tirthankaras in this religion. The first among them is Rishabhdev. But the historicity of the preceding Tirthankaras is doubtful except for the 23rd Tirthankara Parshvanath.
Parsvnath Kaal was 250 BC to Mahavira. is believed. Its followers were called Nirgranth.
According to Jain rituals, Parshvanath attained nirvana at the age of 100 on ‘Samamed Parvat’.
The 4 Mahavratas propounded by Parshvanath are as follows – Truth, Ahimsa, Aparigraha and Astaya.
Mahavir Swami – The 24th Tirthankara of the Jains and is believed to be the real founder of Jainism.
Mahavir was born in 540 BC to Siddhartha, the head of the enlightened clan of Kundagram (Republic of the Vajji Sangha) near Vaishali. Happened in. His mother’s name was Trishala, who was the princess of Lichhavi and his wife’s name was Yashoda.
Priyadarshana, the daughter of Mahavir born to Yashoda, was married to Jamali Namak Kshatriya, he was Mahavira’s first disciple.
At the age of 30, Mahavira committed homicide.
Mahavira attained Kaivalya (supreme knowledge) under a year tree on the banks of the river Rijupalika near Jumbhikagram after 42 years of continuous austerity and spiritual practice for 12 years.
After the attainment of Kaivalya, Mahavir Swami received titles such as Kevalin, Gin (Conqueror), Arrah (Eligible) and Nirgrantha (Unbanded).
He died in Pava at the age of 72 in 538 BC. Hui.
Jain philosophy – Jain scripture Acharang Sutra provides a very interesting description of Mahavir’s penance and kayaklesh.
According to Jainism, this world is composed of 6 substances – Jiva Pudgal (material element), religion, sky and time.
24 Tirthankaras of Jainism
Tirthankara Jainism had the title of its founder and eminent and enlightened Mahatmas.
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Initially Jainism did not have idolatry. But later Mahavira and his first 23 Tirthankaras (who according to Jainism preceded Mahavira) started worshiping.
Mahavira added the fifth (Brahmacharya) to the four Mahavratas propounded by his foregoing Parshwanath.
The triratnas of Jainism are-
Nirvana is the ultimate goal of living in Jainism. Nirvana is possible by destroying the karmapha and removing the material element from the soul.
The existence of gods has been accepted in Jainism, but they are placed below.
Jainism accepts the reality of the world, but does not accept God as the creator.
Like Buddhism, the Varna system has not been condemned in Jainism.
According to Mahavira, according to the punya and sin earned in the previous birth, one is born in a higher or lower family.
Jainism believes in rebirth and karmism. According to him, karma is the cause of birth and death.
In Jainism, there are ways to get rid of worldly bondage.
Ahimsa has been given special emphasis in Jainism. It prohibits agriculture and participation in war.
In Jainism, sallekhna means “sacrifice of body by fasting.”
Later, Jainism became divided into two communities –
Bhadrabahu and his followers were called Digambaras. These were called Southern Jains.
The site and his followers were called Shwetambar. The people of the Shvetambara Sampradaya first started the worship of Mahavira and other Tirthankaras (Parshvanath). They wore white clothes.
The collection of religious teachings of Mahavira is in these East. Their number is 14 and they were collected by Sambhutvijay and Bhadrabahu.
Jainism scriptures are written in Prakrit language. Some texts have also been composed in Apabhramsa style.
Jainism did not accept the authenticity of the Vedas and opposed Vedism.
Jainism origin | Jainism origin