How to Grow Petunia at Home – Petunia Care

How to Grow Petunia at Home – Petunia Care

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If you are thinking of growing petunia at home, then you can follow these easy steps.

Grow petunia from seed

The first method is to grow petunia from seed. If you want to adopt this method, then keep in mind that it is necessary to buy a soil mixture for certified seeds and flowers from a legitimate vendor. You can plant petunia seeds at the end of winter or at the beginning of spring, when very low temperatures and freezing are over.

Before placing them in a pot or a hanging basket, make sure that there are holes under the pots. This step is important to prevent seeds or small plants from rotting due to poor drainage of water. For better drainage and ventilation, it is better to put soil on the pot by pouring pumice, perlite or gravel on it.

There is soil just above the gravel and then the seed is followed. Depending on your choice and type of petunia, you can add two or more seeds to each pot. Keep in mind that Grandiflora usually needs more space to spread. We can leave the seeds on the surface instead of entering them into the soil.

During the early stages of plant growth, the soil should always be moist, but not moist at all, so that the seeds can germinate. However, do not irrigate it too much to prevent rot.

Petunia seeds require light to germinate, so you can look for a sunny spot. 2-3 weeks after sowing, some small plants will appear.

Grow petunia with a pen

Growing petunia with a pen is the most commonly used method. Actually, this method is very fast and also the most economical. You can easily grow petunia with a pen by following a few easy steps.

First of all, you can choose a beautiful healthy petunia as the root plant. We can cut any small (non-wood) spring with a length of 4 inches (10 cm). Next, we can remove all the leaves of the bottom 4 parts of the pen.

Before applying a pen to the soil, you need to help it to get to the root. To do this, the pen usually needs to be placed in a glass of water, which holds up to half of the plant’s water. Usually, roots start growing after a few days. To increase rooting speed, you may consider using a routing hormone such as the IAA, which is certainly not necessary. The root pen then needs to be applied to the pot with a mix of flowering soil and perlite or gravel for proper air circulation. How to Grow Petunia at Home

Many growers claim that sunlight makes petunia darker flowers. This is why they keep the pen in sunny places. Also, to help their plants produce beautiful flowers, old flowers (dried) are usually removed. In this way, the new flowers of the plant get more nutrients.

Buy petunia plant

Finally, if you are not thinking of planting petunia with seeds or pens, but still want to enjoy these magnificent flowers, then you can buy petunia plant (about 8 weeks old) from your local garden shop. At this stage, petunia plants are ready to be planted in another pot.

For proper ventilation, pouring mud after pumice, perlite or gravel into a pot or hanging basket is a common technique. Once again, it is necessary to have a hole under your pot.

You can apply soil up to 4 parts of the pot and plant it in the pot without removing the soil already planted with the plant. After this, you can fill the pot up to the top and press the soil lightly. Depending on the variety and weather conditions, irrigation may need to be done 1 to 5 times per week. Generally, the soil should always have moisture, but it should not be too wet. How to Grow Petunia at Home

How to take care of petunia
Petunia Climate Requirements

For proper growth, petunia requires very long sunlight every day (6-8 hours every day). Typically, shade brings fewer flowers to plants. The quality of plants that bloom in low sunlight is also low. In most cases, these plants prefer warm and average dry climates and sunny summers. Gentle flowers of petunia may be spoiled by rain. Its plant prefers an average temperature of 65–75 ° F (17–23 ° C). Petunia is originally from South America, where the average temperature during the summer is 59–86 ° F (15–30 ° C) and rarely goes below 32 ° F (0 ° C) in winter. However, these plants can tolerate temperatures up to 95 ° F (35 ° C) and up to 32 ° F (0 ° C).

Petunia soil requirements

Generally, soil type is not a restrictive factor when growing petunia. These plants can grow well in average soil. They like sunlight, well drained soil, little acidity (6-7 pH level). Some professional growers claim that they grow petunia in soil with a pH of 5,5 to 6 so that the plants can have brighter darker colors.

Petunia Water Requirements – Petunia Irrigation

Like other plants, petunia also does not like dry or overly wet soil. Instead, they like a little moist soil all the time. Understanding the irrigation needs of petunia by touching the soil is a good technique. You can try making a ball of clay in your hand. If the ball is not formed and breaks, it is time to pour water into it.

Typically, most growers add water to the petunia 1 to 3 times a week. However, keep in mind that if you are growing petunia from seeds, you may need to add more water to help the seeds grow from seedling.

Petunia fertilizer requirements

Most growers add balanced liquid fertilizer of nitrogen-phosphorus-potassium (10-10-10 12-12-12 or 15-15-15) once a month to help the rapid growth of petunia in their garden. However, some growers prefer to use slow-release granular fertilizers designed specifically for petunia. How to Grow Petunia at Home

Removing dried flowers from the plant.

To enjoy petunia flowers all the time, many petunia growers use the process of removing dead flowers from the plant (deadheading). By removing dried flowers from plants, we mean harvesting blooming flowers or removing green seeded seeds in the petunia bloom season. If we do not remove the flowers in full bloom or often the green cells behind the plants, the plant will begin to give most of its energy to produce seeds, and will stop blooming.

This simple technique will increase the bloom time of petunia, and at the same time give more large and beautiful flowers.

Petunia worms

Common problems related to petunia

Caterpillar
The caterpillar can be easily seen with the naked eye. They can live for 2 to 6 weeks and begin attacking Petunia in early spring. They can easily damage it by chewing the leaves.

Mite
Mites are small insects that look like microscopic spiders. In the spring, adult mites visit the leaves and suck out chlorophyll from their cells. Symptoms of mite infection include unhealthy plants with twisted and colorless leaves. Some producers use oil as prevention and suppression measures. You can consult your local licensed agronomist.

How to Grow Petunia at Home

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