History Of The Indian National Anthem

History Of The National Anthem

History Of The National Anthem: We residents of India have been singing our national anthem Jana Gana Mana ever since we were in school. The national anthem is a song that reflects the history and tradition of any country. As well as recognizes that country.

Jana Gana Mana was made a national anthem because of its meaning. Some of its parts mean that the citizens of India, the people of India, with their hearts, consider you as the fate of India.

O Adhinayak, you are the fortune-teller of India. Along with this, different states of the country were also mentioned in it and their merits were told.

Jana Gana Mana History

Vaden Mataram was also said to be making the national anthem. But it was made a national anthem because only four lines of its beginning are dedicated to the country. Later lines were in Bengali language, in which Maa Durga is praised.

It is not considered appropriate to make any such song a national anthem. Which does not mention the country, but does not mention any deity. Hence Vande Mataram was made a national song by not making a national anthem.

Rabindranath Tagore

The national anthem of India was originally written by Rabindranath Tagore in Bengali. He wrote this song under the pressure of the British to welcome King George V of England. In 1911, when the British moved the capital of India from Calcutta to Delhi, there was a revolt in the whole country.

Then the British invited the King of England to calm the people of India. At that time Ravindra Nath Tagore’s family used to be very close to the British, many of his family worked for the East India Company.

His elder brother Avanindra Nath Tagore was a director of the Calcutta Division of the East India Company for a long time, and Ravindra Nath Tagore himself had great sympathy for the British, which led him to write it.

First Time Sung

On 27 December 1911, the national anthem was sung for the first time at the Calcutta session of the Indian National Congress. This was the twenty-seventh session of the Congress, presided over by Pandit Bishannarayan Dhar.

It was sung on 27 December 1911. The song made headlines in English newspapers the next day. The Constituent Assembly adopted the Hindi version of Jana Gana Mana as the National Anthem of India on 24 January 1950.

Pleased with this praise song by Ravindra Nath Tagore, he was awarded the Nobel Prize for ‘Gitanjali’ in the field of literature in 1913. But Tagore himself wrote a letter to his brother-in-law Surendra Nath Banerjee, opposing the making of the national anthem. After the death of Rabindranath Tagore on 7 August 1941, the letter was made public by Surendra Nath Banerjee.

Rabindranath Tagore also wrote the national anthem ‘Aamar Sonar Bangla’ of our neighboring country Bangladesh. He is the only poet in the world, whose compositions made two nations his national anthem. The oldest national anthem in the world is Dutch ‘Het Wilhelmus’, written in 1574.

Canada, Denmark and New Zealand have two national anthems. The national anthem of South Africa is in five languages. The same national anthem has been translated into Xhola, Zulu, Sotho, Afrikaans and English languages, which are the official languages.

Meaning of National Anthem

Jan Gan Man Adhinayak Jaya hey
(O Jana Gana of India and the hero of the mind)

Bharat Bhagya Vidhata
(You are the architect of India’s destiny)

Punjab, Sindh, Gujarat, Maratha
(India that Punjab, Sindh, Gujarat, Maharashtra)

Dravid, Utkal, Bang
(Consists of a state like Tamil Nadu, Odisha and Bengal)

Vindhya, Himachal, Yamuna, Ganga
(Where there are mountains like Vindhyachal and Himalayas and holy rivers like Ganga-Yamuna)

Shallow watershed
(Whose waves rise to great heights)

Awake good morning
(We wake up in the morning only with your auspicious name)

Ask for good luck
(And pray for your blessings)

Gahe Taw Jayagatha,
(All of you sing the saga of Jai)

Jana Gana-Mangalakai Jai
(O hail men of peace

Bharat Bhagya Vidhata
(You are the architect of India’s destiny)

Jai hai, Jai hai, Jai hai
(Victory to you, Victory to you, Victory to you)

Jai, Jai, Jai, Jai
(Victory Victory Victory To You)

Singing period

The national anthem takes 52 seconds to sing. India’s national anthem “Jana Gana Mana” is sung in two forms. One in full and the other in short. When the full national anthem is sung, it is given a time of 52 seconds while the shortened version is sung in 20 seconds.

In short, the first and last line of the national anthem are sung. It is given permission for singing only on special occasions, while full national anthem is sung in ceremonies at national level and in honor of the nation and the president.


In India, the controversy of knowing the national anthem in theaters first came up in 1975 and then in 2016. The Indian government made it mandatory for the national anthem to be played in theaters before the film began and made a rule to honor the national anthem by standing before the film began.

Which was opposed by some people and said that to run the national anthem in theaters and to stand and honor it is like imposing patriotism on the citizens. Showing patriotism should not be necessary to be patriotic.

On the other hand, people also registered their numbers in support of it. Many times when a person refuses to stand in honor of the national anthem, he has to face the bullying of the people. Sometimes a person may actually be unable to stand or be handicapped, but those who are under bullying do not pay much attention to it and get beaten up.

Therefore, the national anthem being played in theaters due to such incidents was said to hurt its dignity. Earlier, the national anthem was stopped playing in cinemas in 1975 due to similar controversies. But it was resumed in 2016 after 41 years in view of the increasing number of educated community.


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