History of Red Fort of INDIA

History of Red Fort of INDIA

UNESCO World Heritage Site Red Fort in Old Delhi

Not only Delhi, the Red Fort of India is famous all over the world for its glory and fame. The Mughal Empire, which ruled the Sultanate of Delhi for more than 200 years, took over the entire Sultanate from the Red Fort.

It is situated in the heart of Delhi, where now there are many museums to see. This is a historical artwork that people from far off places also come to see. It was built in 1648, and at that time was the kingdom of Shah Jahan, the fifth Mughal ruler of the Mughal Empire, and Delhi was called Shahjahanabad.

The Red Fort was built with red stone, so it was called the Red Fort. The architecture style of the Red Fort is very unique, the garden, palace, walls, specials, everything is very thoughtfully built here, there is a glimpse of different culture of India.


After Independence at the Shan Red Fort of India, Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru first hoisted our national flag tricolor. After this, every year on the occasion of Independence Day i.e. Independence Day, flag hoisting is done by the then Prime Minister.

Emperor Shah Jahan thought of shifting his capital Agra to Delhi in 1638, after which construction work of the Red Fort was started in Delhi. Shah Jahan’s favorite color was red and white, so his stone was chosen red.

It was designed by the then architect Ustad Ahmad Lahori, who also designed a great work like Agra’s Taj Mahal. The fort was built on the banks of river Yamuna, the fort is surrounded by river from three sides. The construction work of the fort started on 13 May 1638 on Muharram, the holy day of Muslims.

The first foundation of the fort was laid by Ijjar Khan. Shah Jahan wanted his fort to be the largest in Delhi, he wanted it bigger than the forts of Lahore and Agra.

It took 10 years to build the fort, it was completed in 1648. Sheesh Mahal is located to the north and south of the main fort. A special palace has also been built here, which used to be the private room of the king, where they used to sleep or worship.

Ijjat Khan, Alivardi Khan, Mukermat Khan were mainly involved in the construction of the fort. Under his supervision, the work of the fort was completed. Mukermat Khan was very special of Shah Jahan, when the work of the fort was completed, he was not in Delhi, but went to Kabul in connection with the work of the Sultanate.

After writing to Shah Jahan from Mukermat Khan, he told that his palace is ready.




On the first day when Shah Jahan was coming to the palace, on that day the palace was decorated like a bride. Preparations were made for the celebration. The smallest thing of decoration was taken care of.

The Diwane Khas was specially prepared wherever Shah Jahan’s assembly was held, its roofs, walls were carved, silk sheets were used. A large chandelier was erected in the middle of Deewane Khas, which was built in Khas Ahmedabad.

As soon as Shah Jahan reached the court, flowers were showered. Shah Jahan distributed a lot of jewelery, coins and diamonds to everyone.

1. The color of the Red Fort was not always red, in fact it was made of white limestone, but after a long time when the white layer of stone started descending, the British had painted it red.

2. The Red Fort was earlier known as “Qila-i-Mubarak”.

3. It took almost 10 years to give shape and beauty to the Red Fort.

4. History of RedFort in Delhi- The country’s prized Amanat Kohinoor was a part of the throne of Shah Jahan, who was ruling the country from Hira Red Fort, this diamond was later captured by the British.

5. The chief architects of this monument were Ustad Ahmad and Ustad Hamid, who gave the whole fort so beautiful and strong.

6. One of the 2 major gates of the fort was named ‘Lahore Gate’ as this door was facing towards Lahore and at that time Pakistan and India used to be the same country.

7. From the height, the shape of the fort looks like an octagon.

8. From the first Independence Day till today, the Prime Minister of the country addresses the people of the country every year from the Red Fort.

9. Bahadur Shah Zafar was the last Mughal ruler to rule the Red Fort, who was later convicted by the British government for treason.

10. In 2007, the Red Fort has also been declared a UNESCO World Heritage Site.



History of Red Fort of INDIA

One comment

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published.