History of India Timeline Ancient

History of India Timeline Ancient

History of India Timeline Ancient

History of India Timeline Ancient: Friends, if we want to write the history of India, our blog will take many years to complete it because the history of India is so vast and old that it is difficult to tell completely. The history of India is considered to be the oldest history in the world. Jawaharlal Nehru has told the history of India in his book “Discovery of India”. Some pages of Indian history are still under construction. Indian history is believed to be from the time of the human species Homo sapiens, which is 75000 years old from today. But the authenticity of Indian history is believed to be 5000 years ago. Let’s summarize the history of India.

Prehistoric era

[Stone Age]

Friends, as we have read in childhood books about the Stone Age, in this era, humans had learned the art of making tools with stones. Stone Age is estimated to be 5 lakh to 2 lakh years ago, evidence of this was found near the Narmada Valley of Central India. Some samples of the authenticity of the history of India have been found in Tamil Nadu, this authenticity is believed to be 75000 years ago when a volcano erupted here.

Bhimbetka rock shelters of India’s first verified certified state are believed to be 9000 years old. After this, the civilizational estimates of Neolithic culture are considered as Bhirrana findings [7500 BC] in Haryana and Mehrgarh findings [7000 BC] in Balochistan, Pakistan. After this, the copper age was started.

[Bronze Age]

The beginning of the copper age is believed to be 3300 BC which is also known as Indus Valley Civilization. Indus Valley Civilization is believed to be the center of the Indus River which spread to the Ghaggar Valley, Yamuna River, Gujarat, and Afghanistan. After this, the spread of this civilization spread to Gujarat, Haryana, Punjab and Rajasthan provinces of India and Sindh, Punjab and Balochistan of Pakistan. Indus Valley Civilization is considered one of the oldest civilizations in the world with Mesopotamia and ancient Egypt’s virtues.

The residents of the Indus Valley Civilization [Hadappa] started the production of new metallurgical techniques, handicrafts, and new metals [copper, brass, lead, and zinc]. Indus Valley Civilization flourished from 2600 AD to 1900 AD, whose center is believed to be Dholavira-Kalibanga in present-day India and Harappa-Mohenjodaro of Pakistan. This civilization has built houses from bricks, drains along the roads and to build multi-storeyed buildings. It is known that by the end of 1700 BC, the end of Indus Valley Civilization started and slowly this civilization disappeared.

History of India Timeline Ancient

[Early Historic Period]

 [Vedic Period]

The time of the Vedic period is believed to be 500 AD before 1750 AD. The construction of the Vedic period started with the Aryan civilization in which the Vedas of Hindu religion was described. The Vedas are considered to be the oldest text in the existing texts. Historians considered the Vedic civilization to be spread over the Punjab region and the Gangetic plains. Peepal trees and cows were considered sacred during the time of Atharvaveda. It was only in the Vedic period that the concepts of religion and karma came into Indian civilization. The Rigveda is considered to be the oldest text in the Vedas, which is believed to be from the 2nd century BCE.

The Arya Samaj was considered the most tribes in the Vedic period because by that time the Haddapa culture had disappeared. By the end of the Rig Vedic period, the Arya Samaj had started to expand which spread from the northwestern region of India to the Gangetic plains. In this period, the creation of varnas started and on the basis of the same varna system, they started dividing society. During this period, the importance of farming had increased a lot. During this period, other small tribes also organized and started the monarchical system.

The Sanskrit language

The Sanskrit language was born during the Vedic period and started knowing the importance of Hindu deities from Sanskrit texts. The Kuru Empire is considered to be the first provincial kingdom in the Vedic period, beginning in 1200 BC to 800 BC at the beginning of the Iron Age. The Kuru Empire first started the process of social ritual. After the end of the Kuru Empire, the Panchala Empire arose from 1100 BCE to 600 BCE. The expansion of these two kingdoms is considered to be from the areas of Haryana in present-day India to western Uttar Pradesh.

It was only in the Vedic period that the biggest scriptures of Hinduism, the Ramayana, and the Mahabharata, originated. By the end of the Vedic period, the kingdom of Vidaha had emerged, whose center was in Bihar and Nepal of present-day India. The construction of Mahajanapadas started after the end of the Vedic period.

History of India Timeline Ancient


Jain and Buddhist religions were formed from 800 BCE to 200 BCE and the Upanishads were written. The era of 500 BC is called “Second Urbanization”. It was during this period that the Mauryan Empire emerged. In 500 BC, 16 monarchies and Ganarajyos were called Mahajanapadas, which included Kashi [Varanasi], Kosala [Shravasti], Anga [Champanagari], Magadha, Vajji, Malla, Chedi, Vatsa, Kuru, Panchal, Matsya, Shursen, Ashmak, Avanti, Gandhara and Kamboj districts used to come.

It was spread across 16 Mahajanapada Gangetic plains from present-day Afghanistan to Bengal and Maharashtra. This period saw the largest urbanization after the Indus Valley Civilization. From 6 BCE to 4 BCE, the center of the Republic of Vajji was Vaishali and Sanskrit was the main spoke. Was the language to be known. These 16 districts mainly depended on four states Vatsa, Avanti, Kosala, and Magadha during the time of Gautam Buddha.

[Persian and Greek conquests]

In 530 BC, the Persian King Cyrus crossed the Hindu-Kush Mountains and occupied the territory of present-day Afghanistan and Pakistan. This area remained under the Persian Empire for two centuries. The main center of the Persian empire was Taxila, where Vedic and Iranian education was mixed. The Persian Empire ended with the Greek king Alexander. In 326 BC Alexander started a victorious campaign in South Asia. On reaching the northwestern border of India, he defeated King Porus in the Battle of Hydaspes and conquered many parts of present-day Punjab. Moving forward, Sikandar faced the Nanda kingdom of Magadha and the Gangaridad of Bengal, but his army returned again after being frightened by the huge army of India.

[Maurya Empire]

The Mauryan Empire was the first empire that transformed the entire India into a single state and made India the largest empire of the subcontinent in Indian history. In the map given above, you can see the expansion of the Mauryan Empire. This empire was founded by Chandragupta Maurya of Magadha defeating the Nanda Empire. After the death of Chandragupta Maurya in 272 BC, Bindusara took command of the Maurya Empire and he also retained Chandragupta’s dream of unbroken India. Only the Kalinga region [present-day Orissa] was not included in the Mauryan Empire.

After Bindusara, Ashoka took over the throne of the Mauryan Empire. He took over the reign of 232 AD till 37 years and expanded the Maurya Empire. Seeing the bodies of thousands of people in the Kalinga war before 260 BC, Ashoka’s heart was changed and he embraced Buddhism. After the death of Ashoka, the Mauryan Empire slowly began to decline.

History of India Timeline Ancient

[Shunga Empire]

From 187 BC to 78 AD, the Sunga Empire occupied many areas of the Indian subcontinent. Pushyamitra Sunga established this empire by killing the last ruler of the Maurya Empire. Pushyamitra Sunga practiced for 36 years and his son Agnimitra took over the kingdom. The Sunga Empire ruled over 10 wars and won many wars. He defeated Kalinga, Satavahana, Unani, Panchalo and Mathura Shashko. His education also led to the development of education and made many buildings like Sanchi Stupa.

[Satavahana Dynasty]

After the fall of the Mauryan Empire, united India was divided into pieces. On the one hand, the Sungava Empire was dominated by the northwestern region, on the other side, the Satavahana Empire occupied many parts of southern India. The origin of the Satavahana Empire started from Amravati in Andhra Pradesh, which spread to many parts of Maharashtra. By 230 BC, many parts of this empire had become their own.

He preserved Hindu and Buddhism and built many Buddhist monuments that spread from Ellora to Amravati. The Satavahana Empire first started the circulation of coins before the gold currency was in circulation. He maintained his empire by confronting the Sunga Empire and the Kanva Empire. Gautamiputra Satkarani and Srijan of the Satavahana Empire saved their empire from foreign invaders. In the third century, this empire was divided into smaller states.

[Kushan Empire]

The rise of the Kushan Empire began in present-day Afghanistan, whose first king, Kujula Kadphises, marched into India in the middle of the first century BCE. These were a mixture of Indo-European people. Kanishka, the grandson of King Kujula, had taken over much of northern India. Covering Saket, Pataliputra, the Gangetic Plain and the Bay of Bengal. He propagated Buddhism to Central Asia and China. Kanishka was the first Indian teacher after Ashoka to understand the importance of Buddhism and expand it. By the third century, he practiced peace and Vasudeva was his last teacher.

[Gupta Empire]

The empire called the Golden Age of India’s history was the Gupta Empire, which re-organized the states of India. This empire was founded by Chandragupta I. After Chandragupta, I, the peoples like Samudragupta, Chandragupta II, Kumaragupta I and Skandagupta took command of this empire and took the history of India towards development. This era saw the rise of science, technology, art, mathematics, religion, philosophy and astronomy. In this era, zero was invented, but before that, there were only 1 to 9 digits.


During the Gupta Empire, there was growth in peace and prosperity. In the Gupta period itself. Great inventors and writers of India were born. In which the names of Kalidas, Aryabhata, Varahamihir, Vishnu Sharma and Vatsyanan are still written in the pages of history in golden letters. Science and political administration had reached new heights. India’s trade started increasing from neighboring countries Burma, Sri Lanka, and other countries. After the arrival of the Hun Empire, they removed their empire from present-day Afghanistan.

[Empire of Harsh]

Harshavardhana ruled many parts of northern India from 606 AD to 647 AD. Harsha was the son of Prabhakarvardhan of present-day Haryana and younger brother of Rajyavardhan. He had spread his empire to Punjab, Rajasthan, Gujarat, Bengal, and Orissa in a very short time. After the decline of the Gupta dynasty, northern India was divided into smaller states. Harsha adopted Buddhism.

At the age of 16. He collected the small republics of Punjab and Central India and gave himself the title of Maharaja. Harsha was a resident of Kannoj but he almost mixed many parts of northern India. Peace and peace in his court There used to be churches on prosperity. Chinese traveler Huan Zeng praised Harsh’s court for his justice and peace.

[Chalukyas and Pallavas]

From the 6th to the 8th century, the Chalukyas and the Pallava Kings dominated South India. The Rashtrakutas seized power from the Chalukyas and the Chola dynasty from the Pallavas. The Pala dynasty in Bengal ruled in the 8th and 9th centuries and after that, the people of the Sena dynasty became the teachers of Bengal. The Chola dynasty was quite effective in the south. Their kingdom was as far as Sri Lanka and Maldives. They ruled in the south till the time of the invasion of Kafur, the owner of the fourteenth century.

History of India Timeline Ancient


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