History of Humayun’s Tomb
Situated at the intersection of Mathura Road and Lodi Road, this mausoleum is a fine example of Mughal architecture. Humayu’s tomb was built in 1570 by Humayu’s wife Haji Begum in memory of Humayu after Humayu’s death. This monument is built with Persian architecture. In the four walls of this monument there are also the graves of many Mughal teachers. This memorial remains open for tourists throughout the day, but the best time to see Humayu’s tomb is after noon. The nearest metro station to visit here is JLN Stadium. The entry fee for Indians is Rs 10 and the entry fee for foreigners is Rs 250. There is no photography fee and videography has a fee of Rs 25.
After Humayu’s death on 20 January 1556, his body was first buried in Purana Qila of Delhi. After that his tomb was brought to Shirind in Punjab by Khanjar Beg because at that time Hindu king Hemu defeated the Mughals at Agra and Delhi. Was captured The Hindu king Hemu should not damage the tomb, so the location of his tomb was changed. His tomb was taken care of by his son and the then Emperor Akbar and his tomb was built in 1571
Humayun’s tomb began to be built in 1566 under the orders of Akbar, Humayu’s first wife and his chief advisers. Nine years after Humayu’s death in 1572, its construction was completed at a cost of 15 lakhs. Another wife of Humayu, Arnav Devrukhar, also helped to build the tomb. The entire cost of constructing this tomb was given by Queen Bega Begum. When Humayu died, Bega Begum was so sad that she decided to spend all her life in future to build Humayu’s memorial on the banks of Yamuna river in Delhi. According to Mirror Akbari, the construction of the mausoleum was done under the supervision of Bega Begum on her return from Mecca.
According to historians, the architect who built this mausoleum was called a Persian man Mirza Gayauddin from Herat [present-day northwest Afghanistan]. Queen Bega Begum appointed Ghiyasuddin to make the best design of the tomb but unfortunately she died before the tomb was built. After his death, his son Sayyid Muhammad completed the tomb of his father in 1571.
From the 17th to the 19th century, this garden was gradually filled with the graves of Humayu’s descendants. Many Mughal rulers were also buried at the same place. Humayu’s tomb came to be known as the Mughal cemetery. In India, Mughal emperors and their relatives are not on the same side. Humayu’s tomb is the first “garden-tomb” in India.
Humayun’s Tomb Tomb rests on huge pillars 7 meters high. The construction of this building is made of red stones while the tombs are made of yellow and black marble. The top of this two-storied building is a white Persian marble dome, which looks gravityless. Humayu’s tomb has a height of 47 meters and width 91 meters.
Its bottom is a rectangular construction with beautiful arches. The main tomb is built in a large room in the middle of the upper part, with arched windows in the rows. The middle chamber is octagonal, containing the tomb of other members of the royal family. The real tomb of the emperor is in the basement. If you have a keen interest in history, you must visit Humayun’s Tomb Humayun’s Tomb