History of ancient city of Jerusalem

Ancient city of Jerusalem


Like Kashi, Mathura, Ayodhya, Mecca, Gandhara, Peshawar, Nalanda, Taxila, Tehran, Medina, Baghdad, Mosul, Rome, Egypt, Lonan, Athens, Ujjain, Rameswaram and Jagannath, Jerusalem is also an ancient and historic city. The city is originally a city of Jews, but later the city also became a sacred site for Christians and Muslims. There was a Sulaimani temple (Synagogue) in the premises of which there is now a mosque, church and Synagogue.
The mosque of Muslims here is al-Haram which is called Golden Temple or Dome of the Rock. Nearby is the Al Aqsa Mosque. Behind this is the Western Wall, which is the holiest site of the Jews. At a distance of one kilometer from this is the most sacred church of Christianity. The Jews had the holiest temple here, which was broken by the Romans in the 72nd century. Now only one wall of this temple is left.

It is said that this Synagogue, built in 937 BC, was so huge that it used to take a full day to see it, but the battles destroyed it. Now this place is called ‘Holy Campus’. It is believed that it was built by King Suleman. Jews gather for prayer in the sacred compound surrounded by fortified walls. The wall of this complex is very ancient and magnificent. This sacred complex is part of the Old City of Jerusalem.

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History of Jerusalem

This ancient city of the Middle East is a confluence of Jews, Christians and Muslims. It is important for the people of the above three religions, hence everyone wants to retain their possession here. Palestine wants to make it its capital while Israel is its. A part of Israel is the Gaza Strip and Ramallah, where Palestinian Muslim people live and have launched rebellions to break away from Israel. These people want to free Jerusalem from the occupation of Israel.

This place has been the center of controversy for the last hundreds of years. From the very beginning, there were 10 Jewish tribes in the ancient Jewish state of Israel. Hazrat Musa migrated from Egypt and settled in Jerusalem with his tribes, as this was his ancient city. This place was occupied by the Babylonians and Iranians after the Jewish holy kings Dawood and Suleiman, then after the rise of Islam, Muslims ruled here for a long time. During this time the Jews were driven out of the region several times.


Crusade or cross war. Crusade means war for the defense of Christianity. Christianity means war for Christianity or Christianity. Most people interpret it in this way, but what is true can be the subject of research. During the period of Jihad and Crusade, Salauddin and Richard fought many battles to occupy the city. Night Templars were also formed during this period to protect Christian pilgrims.

The wars that the Christians fought seven times between 1095 and 1291 are called the Crusades, to take over the tomb of Christ located in the Holy Land of Christianity, Palestine, and its capital, Jerusalem. It is also called the Saliabi War in history. This war took place seven times, so it is also known as the Seven Crush Wars. At that time, the army of Islam had established its dominance over this land.

First Crusade

If the Christian army did not establish Jerusalem and destroyed the Christian Empire in 1096–99, it might not have been called the First Crusade. Whereas in Jerusalem, Muslims and Jews lived in their respective areas. This slaughtering made the Muslims think.

Under Jangi, Muslims united in Damascus and for the first time the Arabic word ‘Jihad’ was used. Whereas at that time it used to mean struggle. Not a struggle for Islam, but the term became a struggle for Islam.

Second Crusade

In 1144, the second crusade took place between King Louis of France and Nurudin, the slave of Zangi. Christians suffered defeat in this. In 1191, the Third Crusade was commanded by the Pope of that period to King Richard I of England, while Jerusalem was occupied by Salauddin. Even in this war, Christians had to see bad days. While these wars alienated the Jews, there was no room for Christians either.

But in this war, the commonality of one thing always remained that the Jews had to leave their country and live in constant confinement in order to preserve their existence while there was no one else to support them. He either lived under Muslim rule or was living under the rule of Christians.

The battle for occupation of other areas, including Jerusalem, which began at the end of the 11th century, continued for 200 years, while Christians, Jews, and Muslims in Israel and Arab countries fought for their territories and religious supremacy. During this period, Islam gave its full strength to India.

Islam had been established in the countries of Israel, Iran, Afghanistan, India, Africa, etc., during almost 600 years of Islamic rule. Islam had become a major force in the world due to constant war and repression. Many cultures and other religions ceased to exist in this war.

In the beginning of the 17th century, the end of Islamic rule started from those big countries where Islam was being imposed. This was the British era when power was being taken away from Muslims. This did not happen only in India. At the same time, dissatisfaction against the West arose in Arab nations and they began to unite under the leadership of Iran and Saudi Arabia.

For a long time the world was divided into four parts, Islamic rule, Chinese rule, British rule and others. Then the 19th century began as a new morning for many countries. The communist movement, independence movement and cultural struggle increased. Due to this, 1939 started the Second World War, the end of which broke many countries of the world and many new countries were born.

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Jews lost their lost land back to Israel in the Second World War. Jews from all over the world began to regroup here. He then began to drive away the Muslims against whom Yasser Arafat arose in Palestine. A new war started again. It was named Fuss and Terror.

Jews Re-Israel

After Israel became a Jewish nation after World War II, Jerusalem was also captured and Jews from all over the world were resettled in Israel.
In this way the Jews also wanted their authority over this land. Christians, Jews and Muslims of all three religions continue to fight for that land even today.

Introduction to Jerusalem

Jerusalem is called Yerushalayim in Hebrew and Al-Quds in Arabic. It is also called Jerusalem. Israel has 4 major regions – Tel Aviv, Jerusalem, Haifa and Beer Shave. Jerusalem is the largest city in Israel. There is a dispute about making it the capital of Israel. The capital of Israel at present is Tel Aviv. The Jordan border begins near Jerusalem. The Tel Aviv border of Israel is also bordered by it.

Jerusalem is a magnificent city on the Israeli border between the Mediterranean Sea and the Dead Sea. Near the city limits is the world’s dead salt sea Dead Sea. It is said that there is so much salt in the water here that no kind of life can flourish in it and due to the salt present in its water, there is no drowning in it.

There are about 1204 synagogues, 158 churches, 73 mosques, many ancient tombs, 2 museums and a sanctuary in Jerusalem. Apart from this, there are many sights to see in the old and new city. All the religious places in Jerusalem are located around a large square wall and on the mountain.

Standing on the Mount of Olives, when you see the ancient city of Jerusalem in front of you, you stop to be mesmerized by looking at its panoramic and magnificent view. The Olives hill overlooks the beautiful dome and the wall behind the domes. Surrounded by a square kilometer of mountain walls, the city is the center of faith for more than half of the world’s population, with a history of thousands of years.

Residents of Israel, including Jerusalem, believe in about 75 percent of Jews, 15 percent of Muslims, and 10 percent of other religions. It has Christian and Armenian. The official language here is Hebrew, but Arabic and English are now more widely spoken. The name of this city appears 700 times in the Bible written in Hebrew. Jews and Christians believe that this is the center of the earth.

A small shop of beautiful and carved specialties, a restaurant that spreads the aroma of exciting flavors, people in colorful costumes, a mix of scenes, sounds and fragrances can make anyone crazy about this city. Jerusalem has 2 parts – the Old City and the New City.

Ancient and new city

Ancient City or Old City

Ancient Jerusalem

On entering the Old City, it seems as if we are living in the first century. There are 8 ancient gates to enter the Old City. Jaffa Gate, Jion Gate, Zion Gate, Dung Gate, Golden Gate (Golden), Lion Gate (Lions), Herods Gate, Herods, Damascus Gate and New Gate.

The 4 quarters in the Old City are under the scanner of Jews, Christians, Armenians and Muslims. The most sacred places of the 3 religions within the city surrounded by boundary walls are The Western Wall, Al Aqsa Mosque and Church of the Holy Sculpture. There are many more, such as the Tower of King David of Jerusalem and numerous ancient tombs and churches. Actually, the old city is considered to be the true Jerusalem. Christians and Jews believe it to be the center of the world.

The Four Quarters of the Old City

The area of ​​the Jewish Quarter begins by crossing paths after the campus in the front section of the Western Wall. There is a Dung Gate nearby to exit the Old City, from where you can go into the Quardan Valley. Where the boundary of the Jewish Quarter ends, the boundary of the Muslim Quarter starts at Hirods and Lion Gate. The area of ​​the Muslim Quarter is also very large. Behind the Muslim Quarter is the Christian Quarter and behind the Jewish Quarter is the Armenian Quarter.

The New Gate for the Christian Quarter and the Jaffa and Zion Gate for the Armenian Quarter are close by. The Church of Dermination is built on Zion Gate itself. From here one can visit the City of David on Zion hill. Damascus Gate is located on the dividing line of the Muslim and Christian quarters.

New City or The New City

On the other hand, when you exit the Old City, you enter the 21st century, where there are modern hotels and buildings, modern traffic and modern lifestyle. Excellent place for tourists to stay and traffic system. The downtown area of ​​Western Jerusalem (The New City) is a bustling neighborhood on Friday and Saturday with its central triangle Jaffa Road, King George Road and Ben Yehuda Street. The New City also has many ancient churches, mosques and synagogues to see.

Historic Places of Jerusalem

Tower of David

The ancient ‘Tower of David’ is also built on the ancient Jaffa Gate near Zion, which is also called Burj Dawood or Dawood’s dome. It is believed that there is a tomb of King Suleiman (Solomon). From here one enters the old city. Around this gate is Killenuma Perkota and on entering one side there is Armenian Quarter on one side and Christian Quarter on the other. Crowds of people also gather to see the ‘City of David’ on the Zion hill out of the gate.

Solomon Temple

Dawood’s son was Solomon who was considered the emperor of Israel. The Solomon Temple is believed to have been built in the 10th century BCE. Originally this temple belongs to the Hebrew (Jewish) sect. The Holy Solomon Temple was destroyed by the Romans. The said temple is recorded in the Bible as the name of the first prayer hall. On the site of this magnificent temple surrounded by boundary walls, the important sites of Jews are now Temple Mount and the Western Wall, besides the Al Aqsa Mosque, Dome of the Rock and Church. However this is the subject and place of dispute.

City of David

His son Suleiman named a city called ‘City of David’ after the Emperor David of Israel. The remains of this ancient city can still be seen on the Zion hill, originating from the Old City’s Zion Gate or Dung Gate. It is believed to be about 3,000 years old. It was built along with the Solomon Temple. This city is a major center of attraction among tourists. Here is his grave near the Dermition Church.

Historical Museums and Monuments

Apart from religious sites, here is ‘The Israel Museum’ of ancient and religious texts. The Holocaust Museum of Israel, called Yad Vashem, has a great significance. There is information about documents related to the history of Jerusalem and memorials and souvenirs of martyrs etc. The history of both museums is very old.

Jungle of Jerusalem

The Al Aqsa Mosque, the Dome of the Rock, the fountains, the gardens, the dome and the ancient buildings are built in the 35-acre Nobel Sanctuary in the Muslim area. Apart from this, the beauty of the small Garden of Gethmin is also worth seeing. Apart from this, the area of ​​’Yad Vashem’ is also famous as the jungle of Jerusalem.

Sacred precincts

Jews gather for prayer in the sacred precincts surrounded by fortified enclosures. The wall of this complex is very ancient and magnificent. This sacred complex is part of the Old City. The grandeur of this complex is built from the hill. In the upper part of this complex are the holy sites of the three religions. There is also a complex in the middle of the said holy site. The grandeur of this complex is built on the hill. In the upper part of this complex are the holy sites of the three religions. There is also a complex in the middle of the said holy site.

Near the wall are the sites of all three religions. There is an ancient mountain here named Olive. Beautiful view of Jerusalem can be seen from this mountain. There are many ancient tombs on the slopes of this mountain. Jerusalem is surrounded by mountains and valleys.

Welling Wall

The Welling Wall is also known as the ‘Wall of Wail’. It is the holiest site of the Jews. It is believed that this ancient prayer hall is the complex of Solomon Temple. Al-Aqsa Mosque is situated on the upper part of this wall. Near here is Temple Mount ie Dome of the Rock. This wall is also called western wall.

It is believed that the Jews mourn and pray in front of the wall in the sorrow of their religious site being built above the wall. The site, which has become a part of Al-Aqsa Mosque (Alharam-Alsharif), is a sacred place for both Jews and Muslims.

This wall is the remaining sign of the holy temple. Here in the temple is the ‘Holy of Holies’, the holiest place of Jews inside. The Jews believe that this is where the foundation of the first stone was built on which the world was built, where Abraham sacrificed his son Isaac. The Western Wall is the closest place to the Holy of Holies from where Jews can pray. Millions of Jews from all over the world come here and associate themselves with their heritage. Jews anywhere in the world worship Jerusalem by their mouths.

Temple Mount

Jews call it ‘Temple Mount’. Close to this temple is the Golden Gate, from where one can go outside the Old City. The dome of the temple is studded with gold. It is believed that God originated the first man here. It was here that dust was collected for human creation. This place is a sacred place for Muslims, Christians and Jews. Everyone wants supremacy over it.

Dome of the Rock

Temple Mount itself is called Dome of the Rock. Muslims believe that the Dome of the Rock is the place from where Prophet Muhammad Sahab was first instructed for the Namaz. However some believe that the Dome of the Rock Temple lies between Mount and Al Aqsa Mosque.

It is said that Prophet Mohammed went to heaven, standing on a stone in Jerusalem and jumping and came back after talking to Allah. So the structure that is built around the stone is Harmal Sharif. When you go towards Harmal Sharif, there is a gate here which is called Gate of Scales in English. Muslims believe that when the end of the world comes to an end, then there will be a final judgment, then the same gate will be used to weigh your sins and virtues. This will be your final judgment here. Just in front of Harmal Sharif is a mosque named Al Aqsa. Wellingwadal, Al Aqsa Mosque and Harmal Sharif all three are called Temple Mount.
Al Aqsa Mosque: Al Aqsa Mosque in Jerusalem is also known as ‘Alharam-Al-Sharif’. Muslims consider it the third holiest site. They believe that it was from here that Hazrat Muhammad went towards Jannat and returned to the earth with the command of Allah. The wall behind this mosque is called the west wall, where there is a large complex below. Apart from this, there are other holy places of Muslims, such as Kuwat al Sakara, Musala Marwan and Gumbade Sakhara are also included in the ancient mosques.

Church of the Holy Sculpture

The city holds great importance for Christians as well, as the city bears witness to the last part of Jesus’ life. Adjacent to the old city walls is an ancient holy church, which is believed to be where the Lord Jesus resurrected. This church is built at the place where Jesus was seen alive again. Christians believe that Jesus will once again come to Jerusalem. It is also believed that this is the site of the last meal of Christ. This is the tomb where Jesus Christ was buried. There are three stone slabs here. One where he was buried first, another where he was found alive and third where he was buried again.

Church of Dermination

The Church of Dermination, located near Zion Gate, is no less important. It is believed that its first name was Virgin Mary. This place is known as Mother Mary’s place. Here is his beautiful statue and here is an ancient inscription on which the church is written in Hebrew language. Next to this is the tomb of King David. A church is also in front of Lion Gate, where the tomb of the Virgin Mary is located.

Viva Dolorosa

Viva Dolorosa is the area from where Jesus was taken with the cross. It is considered the path of sorrow or suffering. The passage from Holy Sculpture to Flagellation. Following this passage, the Church of Flagellation in the eastern part of the Old City is considered the place where Jesus was publicly condemned and crucified. It is a Roman Catholic Church, near Saint Stephen’s Gate. Near this church is also the church of Saint Anna, which was built in the 12th century.

Other churches

My Magdalene was a disciple or wife of Jesus, there is a dispute in this regard. Outside the walls of the Old City is an ancient church named after them next to the Lion Gate. In addition, many churches of historical importance to Christians are in the Old and New City.

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