History and major teachers of Rathore dynasty of Rajasthan
The period from 7th to 12th century is called Rajput period. According to Muhnot Nanci, Rathore is a descendant of Kannauj ruler Jaychand Gahadwal.
This view has been supported in Dayaldas Ri Khyat, Jodhpur Ri Khyat and Prithviraj Rasou. P. Gaurishankar Ojha considers Rathore a descendant of Rathore of Badayu. Rao Siha, the founder of the Rathore dynasty, is believed to have first established his small kingdom near Pali. We tell you in detail about the Rathore dynasty in Rajasthan in different ways.
Rathore of Jodhpur
Rao Chuda, son of Veeram Dev, a descendant of Rao Siha, was the first majestic ruler of the Rathore dynasty of Jodhpur, who conquered Mandore Durg from the Subedar of Mandu and made it his capital. Let us now tell you in detail about each ruler of the Rathore dynasty of Jodhpur.
- Rao Siha (1250-1273 AD) – Founder of Rathore dynasty
- Rao Asthan Ji (1273–1292)
- Rao Dhuhd ji (1292-1309)
- Rao Raipal Ji (1309-1313)
- Rao Kanpal ji (1313-1328)
- Rao Jalanasi ji (1323-1328)
- Rao Chhada ji (1328-1344)
- Rao Teeda ji (1344-1357)
- Rao Salkha ji (1357-1374)
- Rao Veeram Ji (1374–1383)
- Rao Chunda Ji (1394-1423) – Establishment of Rathore State at Mandore
- Rao Ridmal ji (1427-1438)
- Rao Kana ji (1423-1424)
- Rao Sata ji (1424-1427)
- Rao Jodha ji (1453-1489)
Founder of Jodhpur, who built the Mehrangarh fort on the Chidi Tunk hill in 1459. The son of Jodha Rao Bika (1485–1504) laid the foundation of the Rathore dynasty in Bikaner and established the kingdom of Bikaner.
- Rao Satal Ji (1489-1492) – Rao Satal was injured while rescuing 140 women from Afghan invaders.
- Rao Suja ji (1492-1515)
- Rao Ganga ji (1515-1532) – He supported Rana Sanga’s attacks against the Sultans of India.
- Rao Maldev ji (1532-1562) – Humayun was in Delhi when Rao Maldev sat on the throne of Jodhpur on 5 June 1531.
Maldev was married to Puri Uma Devi of Jaisalmer Shakta Lunkaran, who is known as Ruthi Rani in history. Maldev defeated Jetsi and captured Bikaner in 1541. There was a fierce battle between Maldev and Sher Shah Suri at a place called Giri Sumail, in which Sher Shah Suri emerged victorious with deceit. In history, this war is famous as the Gir-Sumel war. In this war, the heroic commanders of Maldev were Zeta and Kumpa Veeragati.
Rao Chandrasen (1562-1581) – After the death of Maldev, when his son Chandrasen sat on the throne, Uday Singh, the eldest son of Maldev, got angry and went to Akbar. Akbar sent the royal army under the leadership of Husainkuli and took control of Jodhpur and Chandrasen went to Bhadrajun. Akbar organized the “Nagaur Darbar” in Nagaur in 1570, in which Jaisalmer Naresh Rawal Harai, Bikaner Naresh Rao Kalyanmal and his sons Raisingh and Chandrasen’s brother Udisingh accepted Akbar’s subjection. Raisingh was crowned by Jodhpur. Rao Chandrasen continued to struggle till the last time, not accepting the subjection of the Mughals, hence he is called “Maharana Pratap of Marwar” and “Bhula Bhata ruler of Marwar”.
Rao Raisingh Ji (1582-1583)
Mota Raja Udai Singh Ji (1583-1595) – Uday Singh, son of Rao Maldev and elder brother of Chadrasen, became the teacher of Jodhpur on 4 August 1583. Uday Singh was the first teacher of Marwar who accepted the subjection of the Mughals and married his daughter Manabai (Jagat Gusanai) to Shahzade Salim (Jahangir). Uday Singh died in Lahore in 1595.
Sawai Raja Surasingh Ji (1595-1619) – Uday Singh’s son Shura Singh took over the administration of Jodhpur in 1595. Akbar gave him the title of “Sawai Raja”.
Maharaja Gaj Singh ji (1619-1638) – Gajsingh, son of Shura Singh became the teacher of Jodhpur on 8 October 1619.
Jahangir gave him the title of Dalmanthan and freed his horses from the “royal stain”.
Maharaj Jaswant Singh Ji I (1638-1678) – Jaswant Singh, son of Gaj Singh, was crowned in 1638 in Agra. Shahjaha gave him the title of “Maharaja”. Jaswant Singh led the royal army in the battle of Dharmat in Ujjain in favor of Dara Shikoh, in which Aurangzeb was victorious in the struggle for succession of sons of Shah Jaha. Aurangzeb defeated Dara Shikoh again in the war of Daurai. Aurangzeb first sent Jaswant Singh on the southern expedition, then on the Kabul expedition, where he died. On the death of Jaswant Singh, Aurangzeb had said that the door of Kufr was broken today.
Maharaja Ajit Singh Ji (1707-1724) – After the death of Jaswant Singh, his pregnant queen gave birth to Prince Ajitsinh. Aurangzeb called him to Delhi. Aurangzeb wanted to assassinate him, but Durgadas, along with other chieftains, brought the prince safe and raised him in Kalandri (Sirohi) and placed Ajit Singh on the throne of Jodhpur. Ajit Singh came in a flurry and expelled Durgadas from the state, then he went to Mewar. Later Durgadas died in Ujjain where his mausoleum was built on the banks of the Chilra River. Maharaja Ajit Singh was assassinated by his son Bakhs Singh on 23 June 1724.
Maharaja Abhay Singh Ji (1724-1749) – Ajit Singh was succeeded by Abhay Singh in whose reign 363 people sacrificed to protect trees under the leadership of Amrita Devi in Kheddli village.
- Maharaja Ram Singh Ji (1949–1951)
- Maharaja Bakhat Singh Ji (1751–1752)
- Maharaja Vijay Singh ji (1752-1793)
- Maharaja Bhim Singh Ji (1793–1803)
Maharaja Mansingh (1803-1843) – After the successor struggle on the throne of Jodhpur, Bhim Singh was overthrown by Maharaja Mansingh. During his struggle, Mansingh, who was surrounded by the army of Marwar in Jalore Durg, was blessed by Ayas Devnath of Nath Sampradaya, predicting Jodhpur to be a teacher. Mansingh handed over the throne to his son Chhatarsinh in his own life in 1817, but soon after Chhatar Singh died, Maharaja
Mansingh entered into an alliance with the East India Company on 6 January 1818.
- Maharaja Takht Singh Ji (1843–1873)
- Maharaja Jaswant Singh Ji II (1873–1895)
- Maharaja Sardar Singh Ji (1895–1911) – Colonel in the British Indian Army
- Maharaja Sumer Singh Ji (1911-1918) – Colonel in the British Indian Army
- Maharaja Ummed Singh Ji (1918-1947) – Lieutenant General in the British Indian Army
- Maharaja Hanwant Singh ji (1947–1952) – ruler of Marwar
- Maharaja Gaj Singh Ji II – Currently
Rathore of Bikaner
The foundation of the Rathore dynasty of Bikaner was laid by Rao Bika, son of Rao Jodha in 1465 and settled in Bikaner city in 1468. Let us talk about the major rulers of the Rathore dynasty of Bikaner.
Rao Bika (1465-1504) – Founder of Bikaner
Rao Narsi (1504–1505) – Son of Rao Bika
Rao Lunkaran (1504-1526) – After the death of Rao Nara in 1504, Rao Lunkaran became the ruler of Bikaner who defeated Naresh Rao Jaitasi of Jaisalmer and attacked Narnol. He was named as “Karni of Kali Yuga”.
Rao Jaity : Captured Bikaner. Rao Maldev conquered Bikaner by defeating Rao Jaitasi in the “War of Pahoba”, in this war Rao Jaitasi got Virgati.
Rao Kalyanmal (1542-1573) – Rao Kalyanmal had assisted Sher Shah Suri in the battle of Giri Sumail against Maldev, which pleased Sher Shah Suri handed over the rule of Bikaner to Rao Kalyanmal. Rao Kalyanmal and his son Raisingh attended the Nagaur court in 1570 and accepted Akbar’s subjection. Rao Kalyanamal’s son Prithviraj Rathore was one of Akbar’s Navratnas who composed the famous book Beli “Chrison Rukmani Ri”.
Maharaja Raisingh (1573-1612) – Akbar appointed Raisingh as the Administrator of Jodhpur in 1572, who, after the death of his father, sat on the throne of Bikaner in 1574. Raisingh helped Shahzade Salim to become the emperor, pleased with which Jahangir gave 5000 mansab to Raisingh and appointed the Subedar of the South. He died in Burhanpur in 1612. Munshi Devi Prasad has called Maharaja Raisingh as “Karna of Rajput”.
Rao Dalpat Singh
Karna Singh (1631-1669) – Maharaja Karan Singh, sitting on the throne of Bikaner, was given the title of “Jagalandhar Badshah” by other Rajput rulers. Karani Mata Temple was constructed in Deshnok. Karna Singh served two Mughal emperors Shahjaha and Aurangzeb.
Maharaja Anup Singh (1669-1698) – Aurangzeb conferred the titles of “Maharaja” and “Mahibharativ” on him. Anup Singh was a scholar and music lover, his courtier Bhavabhatta composed Anup Sangeet Ratnakar, Sangeet
- Anupakunsha and Anup Sangeet Vilas.
- Maharaja Sarup Singh Ji (1698–1700)
- Maharaja Sujan Singh Ji (1700–1736)
- Maharaja Zorawar Singh Ji (1736–1746)
- Maharaja Gaj Singh Ji (1746–1787)
- Maharaja Raj Singh ji (1787)
- Maharaja Pratap Singh Ji (1787)
- Maharaja Surat Singh ji (1787-1828)
- Maharaja Ratan Singh Ji (1828–1851)
- Maharaja Sardar Singh Ji (1851–1872)
- Maharaja Dungarsinghji (1872–1887)
- Maharaja Ganga Singh Ji (1887–1943)
- Maharaja Sardul Singh Ji (1943–1950)
- Maharaja Karan Singh Ji (1950–1988)
- Maharaja Narendra Singh (1988-present)