History and major rulers of Delhi

History and major rulers of Delhi

History and major rulers of Delhi:

According to Indian folk literature (Delhi), Delhi was a magnificent and grand place Indraprasth. According to Indraprastha Indian text Mahabharata, 3500 AD was the capital of Pandavas. It was one of the five states of Sonepat, Panipat, Tilpat, and Baghpat. According to Hindu texts, Delhi was called Hastinapur Hastinapur. According to the 16th-century Parsi historian.

Delhi was discovered by King Dhelu before the Greek invasions and Delhi was first named Dhillika Dhillika after him. In Swami Dayanand’s Satyarth Prakash, credit for the discovery of Old Delhi has been given to King Dhelu, but it is not mentioned in any book.


In the era of Prithviraj Chauhan

Delhi was the first settlement of medieval settlements with India called Yoginipura. Delhi was a colony of Prithviraj Chauhan in the 12th century. The author of Apabhramshala Vibudh Sridhar first lectured on the name of Delhi. The Tomar dynasty discovered the red coat in 736 AD. In “Prithviraj Raso”, Tomar Anangpal is described as the discoverer of the red coat, whose name is inscribed on an iron pillar in the Qutub Minar complex of Delhi, which was built by Chandragupta II.

Rise of Delhi Sultanate

The Chauhan kings of Ajmer captured the red coat in 1180 and named it Qila Rai Pithora. According to the ancient remains of the museum and walls of Qila Rai Pithora. This first city of Delhi was discovered by Prithviraj Chauhan of the 10th century. Chauhan King Prithviraj III defeated the Muslim invader Muhammad Ghori Muhmmad Gori in 1192. In 1206, Delhi became the capital of the Ghulam dynasty. The first Sultan of Delhi, Qatubuddin Aibak, was a slave who elevated his post to become first the commander. Then the Kshatrap and then the Sultan of Delhi. Qutubuddin Qutubuddin Aibak started the construction of Qutub Minar Qutub Minar to celebrate his victory but he died before it was completed.

In the Qutub complex, he built the Qawat al-Islam, which is the oldest of the existing mosques. It is also said that he had dismantled 27 Jain temples built in the Qutub complex. They built the mosque with the exquisitely carved pillars and construction materials that were found in the rubble which you can still see today. After the end of the Ghulam dynasty.  The Khilji dynasty, the Tughlaq dynasty, the Sayyid dynasty, and the Lodi dynasty increased their power in the medieval period and built many forts and Bastia in Delhi. In 1398, Timur Lang Taimur invaded India. He entered Delhi in 1398 after defeating the army of Nasiruddin Muhammad of the Tughlaq Bansh Tuglaq Dynasty and looted and devastated the city. He also killed 1 lakh prisoners.

Mughal dynasty dominated Delhi

In the First Battle of Panipat, the First War of Panipat in 1526, Babar Babar, the former ruler of Fargana, defeated Afghan Lodi, the last ruler of the Lodhi dynasty, and established the Mughal dynasty that ruled Delhi, Delhi, Agra, and Lahore. In the mid-16th century, There was an interruption in the destruction of Mughal Mughal, in which Sher Shah Suri defeated Babur’s son Humayun and forced him to flee to Persia. Sher Shah Suri Shershah Suri built the sixth city Purana Qila in Delhi.

After the death of Sher Shah Suri

After the death of Sher Shah Suri Shershah Suri in 1545, his son Islam Shah Islam Shah took over the reins from Northern India to Delhi. Islam Shah Islam Shah ruled Delhi till 1533 and at that time the commander of the Suri dynasty Suri Dynasty was the Hindu king Hem Chandra Vikramaditya aka Hemu. Hemu won 22 consecutive battles against the rebels and twice defeated Akbar’s army.

In 1556 Hemu sat on the throne of Delhi after defeating Akbar’s army of Akbar and for some time established Hindu Raj in northern India. He received the title of Vikramaditya and was crowned at Purana Qila. Now Akbar made the capital Agra due to his bad luck. In the 17th century, the Mughal emperor Shah Jaha built Shahjahanabad city, which is currently called Old Delhi Old Delhi. He built Red Fort and Jama Masjid in this city. When Shah Jaha shifted his capital from Agra again, this time Old Delhi made Old Delhi his capital.

The Shalimar Bagh

Aurangzeb Aurangzeb built the Shalimar Bagh in 1658. After 1680, the Mughal Empire Mughal Dynasty’s influence diminished and Hindu Marathas were expanding their empire at a rapid pace. Due to heavy defeat in the Mughal war in 1739, Nadir Shah of Persia captured Delhi and looted it. He also took away Kohinoor with wealth. The Mughal emperor Muhammed Shah I took away the wealth he had looted from Nadir Shah and forced him to leave India. The Mughals have become so weak that they could never teach again.

In 1757, Abdali invaded India and went to Afghanistan by administering Delhi to NaziDoula. The Marathas defeated Najib and captured Delhi. In 1761, the Marathas were defeated by Abdali in the Third Battle of Panipat and again Abdali captured Delhi. Ten years after the Maratha dominions ended in North India, the Marathas again led Delhi under the leadership of Mahadji Shinde and installed the Mughal King Shah Alam II Shah Alam on the throne in 1772.

Rule of the East India Company

In the second British-Maratha war in 1803, the East India Company East India Company defeated the Maratha army in the Battle of Delhi and Maratha extermination came to an end from Delhi. As a result, Delhi was now occupied by the British East India Company. After the revolt of 1857, the power of Delhi came directly into the hands of the British Government. In the revolution of 1857, Delhi suffered a lot of damage after which nominal Mughal emperor Bahadur Shah Jafar sent Bahadur Shah Zafar to Rangoon and made the remaining Mughal territory a part of the British government.

After independence, the flag was hoisted in Delhi

Calcutta was declared the capital of the British Government in 1911. But in the same year in the Delhi Durbar Delhi Durbar, King George V announced to make Delhi the capital again. Old Delhi, including several parts of Old Delhi, was built in which government buildings were built. After India became independent, in 1949, it was declared an assembly seat of the Government of India. During the partition, many Hindu and Sikh refugees from West Punjab settled in Delhi.

History and major rulers of Delhi | History and major rulers of Delhi | History and major rulers of Delhi

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