History and important facts of Buddhism

History and important facts of Buddhism


Buddhism is a religion and philosophy derived from the Shramana tradition of India. Its founder was Mahatma Buddha Shakyamuni (Gautama Buddha). They lived from 563 BCE to 483 BCE. Buddhism originated before Christianity and Islam. It is the third largest religion in the world after both religions. Most people of this religion live in many countries like China, Japan, Korea, Thailand, Cambodia, Sri Lanka, Nepal, Bhutan and India:

(1) Gautama Buddha was the founder of Buddhism. He is called Jyoti Punj of Asia.

(2) Gautama Buddha was born in 543 AD. Lumbini, near Kapilavastu, the then capital of the Shakya Republic in Nepal.

(3) His father was the chief of Shuddhodana Shakya Gana.

(7) Seven days after the birth of Siddharth, his mother Mayadevi died.

(5) Prajapati Gautami, Siddhartha’s stepmother, brought him up.

(4) His childhood name was Siddhartha.

(() Siddhartha was married at the age of 14 to Yashodhara, the daughter of Dandapani Shakya.

(‘S) His son’s name was Rahul.

(4) When Siddhartha went to visit Kapilavastu, he saw four scenes:
(i) old person
(ii) Sick person
(iii) dead body
(iv) a practitioner

(10) Saddened by worldly problems, Siddharth left home at the age of 29. It is called Mahabhinishakamana in Buddhism.


(11) After renunciation, the Buddha received Sankhya darshan from Alarakalam in Vaishali.

(12) Alarakalam was the first Guru of Siddhartha.

(13) After Alarkalam, Siddhartha got his education from Rudrakaramputra of Rajgir.

(14) In Uruvela, Siddhartha found 5 sadhakas named Kaundinya, Vappa, Bhadiya, Mahanama and Asgari.

(15) Siddhartha attained enlightenment at the age of 34, on the full moon night of Vaisakh, under the Peepal tree, the full moon night of Vaisakh, after having a hard penance of 6 years without taking food.

(14) After attaining enlightenment, Siddhartha came to be known as Buddha. The place where he attained enlightenment is known as Bodh Gaya. History and important facts of Buddhism

(1 () Buddha gave his first sermon at Sarnath, which is called Dharmachakra Pradhan in Buddhist texts.

(1 () Buddha taught in Pali language in the states of Kosala, Kaushambi and Vaishali.

(19) In Srivastava, the capital of the country, Buddha gave his biggest sermon.

(20) His main followers were rulers:
(i) Bimbasar
(ii) Prasenjit
(iii) Udayan

(21) Buddha died at the age of Budd in Kundinara after consuming food given by Chund. Which is called Mahaparinirvana in Buddhism.

(22) Mallows performed the funeral rites of Buddha with great respect.

(23) According to a followup, after the death, the remains of Buddha’s body were divided into eight parts and eight stupas were built on them.

(24) The date of birth and death of Buddha has been fixed on the basis of the canton inscription of Chinese tradition.

(25) We get detailed knowledge about Buddhism from Pali Tripitaka.

(26) Buddhism is atheistic and does not even have a vision of the soul.

(27) In Buddhism, there is a belief of rebirth.

(28) Buddha has called Nirvana the condition of cracking of craving.

(29) The followers of Buddha were divided into two parts:
(i) Bhikshuks – Those who took up sanyas for the promotion of Buddhism are called beggars.
(ii) Worshipers – Those who adopt Buddhism while living a householder are called worshipers. Their minimum age is 15 years.

(30) The entry into Buddhist Sangha is called Upasampada.

Buddha statue under blue sky, Thimphu, Bhutan

(31) The three gems of Buddhism are
(i) Buddha
(ii) Dhamma
(iii) Union

(32) After the fourth Buddhist association, Buddhism divided into two parts:
(i) Hinayana
(ii) Mahayana

(33) The religious procession was first taken out in Buddhism itself.

(34) The most sacred festival of Buddhism is Vaishakh Purnima which is called Buddha Purnima.

(35) Buddha has preached four Aryan truths in relation to worldly sufferings. These are
(i) Grief
(ii) Grief community
(iii) Prevention of Grief
(iv) Grief prevention

(36) For the salvation of worldly sorrows, Buddha spoke about the eightfold path. These are the means.
(i) due vision
(ii) due resolution
(iii) Right voice
(iv) due diligence
(v) due lifelong
(vi) right exercise
(vii) Right memory
(viii) Samyak Samadhi

(37) According to the Buddha, after following the asexual paths, the desire of man is destroyed and he attains nirvana.

(38) Buddha has emphasized 10 things for attaining nirvana:
(i) Non-violence
(ii) truth
(iii) Do not steal
(iv) not possessing any kind of property
(v) Non-consumption of alcohol
(vi) Eating untimely
(vii) Do not sleep in a pleasant bed
(viii) non-accumulation of funds
(ix) Stay away from women
(X) Stay away from dance etc.

(39) The Buddha preached the Middle Way.

(40) There is a similarity between Buddhism and Jainism in relation to atheism.

(41) Jataka tales show that the incarnation of Bodhisattva can be in human form and also in the form of animals.

(42) The Buddha attained his final birth as Shakta Muni under a long series of reincarnations as Bodhisattvas.

(43) Most of the Buddha statues were built under the Gandhar style. But the first statue of Buddha was built under Mathura art.



History and important facts of Buddhism

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