Facts about Brahmins and Bhagvat
- Bhagwat Dharma, Vaishnavism, Shaivism and Shakta Dharma are collectively called Brahmin Dharma.
- Initially under the Brahmin religion, the Bhagavata religion emerged, the founder of which was Krishna Vasudeva.
- Later, this Bhagwat religion changed to Vaishnavism.
- The Bhagavata religion originated in the post-Maritime period. Preliminary information about this religion is found in the Upanishads.
- The first sect to emerge as a reaction against the Jital rituals and sacrificial system of Brahmin religion was the Bhagavata sect.
- Devotees worshipers of Vasudev Krishna were called Bhagavata.
- The earliest (first) mention of the divineization of Vasudeva as a human hero is obtained from Panini’s Ashtadhyayi.
- Vasudeva Krishna was considered an avatar of the Vedic god Vishnu. Later, he was equated with Narayan. The worshipers of Narayana are called Pancharatrikas.
- The Bhagavata religion is possibly related to sun worship. The principle of Bhagwat religion is enshrined in the Bhagavad Gita.
- Vasudeva belonged to Sankhya Yoga, the Krishna sect. It combines philosophical elements of the ideologies of Vedanta, Samkhya and Yoga.
- The Jain religion Uttarayayana Sutra, Vasudeva, also called Keshava, is said to be a contemporary of 22nd Tirthankara Arishtanemi.
- The main elements of the Bhagavata sect are devotion and non-violence. The ‘Avatar Siddhanta’ propounded in the Bhagavad Gita was an important feature of the Bhagavata religion.
- According to Vaishnavism, salvation can be attained only on the path of devotion. In this, karma and knowledge are considered partially helpful.
- The origin of ‘Shiva’ is linked to the Vedic god Rudra, which later on becomes associated with the ‘Productivity Dev’ of the ‘non-Aryans’, but Shaivism does not appear in its definitive form before the early century of Isha.
- Initial information about Shiva devotion is obtained from the Indus Valley. In the Rigveda, the God who took time from Shiva is Rudra.
- In fact, the Shaiva Dharma (as a sect) began with the Sunga-Satavahana period, which reached its peak in the Gupta period.
- The first obscure mention of Linga Puja is found in the Matsya Purana. The discipline festival of Mahabharata also mentions lingopasana.
- In the form of Harihar, first idols of Shiva as Vishnu were made in the Gupta period.
- Shiva’s oldest derives from Gudivallam Linga Renugunta.
- The Kaushitaki and Shatapatha Brahmana mentions 8 forms of Shiva – Chas as a destroyer and 4 in a benign form.
- By the way, the formula of worship of Matri Devi can also be traced back to pre-Vedic period, but the cult of Devi Shakti or Shakti worship is as ancient as the Vedic period.
- The worship of this Adi Shakti Devi is clearly mentioned in the Mahabharata.
- According to the Puranas, the worship of Shakti is mainly confined to the worship of Kali and Durga.
- Names like Uma, Parvati, Ambika, Hamvati, Rudrani and Bhavani are found in Vedic literature.
- In the Rigveda ‘Dasam Mandal’, a whole Sukta is described by worship of truth, which is called ‘Tantric Goddess Sukta’.
- Kalidasa started the tradition of co-ordination of Vaishnava and Shaiva religions. Its peak form is Ramcharitmanas composed by Tulsidas.
- Along with Vishnu as his wife, ‘Lakshmi’ or ‘Shri’ also happened in the Gupta period. ‘Prithvi’ is also said to be the second wife of Vishnu in Vaishnavi form.
Facts about Brahmins