Diseases Cause and Prevention

Diseases Cause and Prevention

When there is no normal function or function in any part or system of human body, it is called disease. The organisms causing the disease are called germs. The study of diseases is called pathology.


  • Anthrax is an infectious disease commonly occurring in vegetarian animals caused by a bacterium called Bacillus anthracis. Infection in humans is caused by exposure to animals.
  • Its symptoms start appearing in 7 to 10 days. The patient has fever, fatigue, dry cough and restlessness. Anthrax is identified by antibody test, ELISA test, blood test and bacterial culture.
  • Pre-infection vaccine is also a preventive measure. Antibiotic drugs should be used after infection. Anthrax bacteria are also being used as biological weapons.
Medical Emergency

Bird flu

  • It is also called avian influenza or avian flu. Virus of the arthemixoviridal clan is caused by influenza. This virus lives on birds, due to which it spreads to other animals like pigs, horses, fish, humans etc.
  • Since the bird is its carrier, it becomes difficult to stop within a certain range. In the last days, the outbreak was H5N1 type of flu. By this the lung cells are condensed. Temiflu is an effective bird flu drug.

Japanese encephalitis

  • This virus-borne disease that started in Gorakhpur district of Uttar Pradesh is caused by mosquito bites in humans.
  • Its viruses are found in arboviruses, Culex mosquitoes, which have an amazing ability to breed in paddy fields.
  • Through blood, the viruses reach the glands and multiply and increase in number. Again the blood invades the brain and destroys the tissues.
  • This affects not only the brain but also the spinal card.

Read More: Diseases and Therapies in Medical Science

  • The external respiratory system basically becomes dry inside the nose and becomes so hard that it is difficult to breathe. Fever, terrible pain, dizziness, nausea, etc. are the primary symptoms.
  • Second symptoms are physical inability, paralytic condition, shivering attack, faint facial crust, brain imbalance etc.
  • Body weight loss due to excessive dehydration leads to death in 7 to 14 days.
  • Due to the abundance of mosquito breeding places in rural areas and the availability of secondary nutrients (domesticated pig etc.), the disease spreads more in rural areas than in cities, hence sometimes it is also called as disease in rural areas. Avoidance of this is the treatment, so avoiding mosquitoes is to avoid disease. By the way, its vaccine (JE vaccine) is also available.


It is also known as arthritis or gout. In this disease, there is pain in the joints of the body. It is of many types.
Gout: It hurts due to accumulation of uric acid in the joints of the bones of the body.
Osteoarthritis: The cartilage of the joints of bones is weakened, this reduces flexibility of joints and they become stiff.
Rheumatoid Arthritis: occurs due to swelling of the cyanovial membrane and hard tissue over the cartilage.

Pollution borne diseases

Minimata: It is caused by excess of mercury (Hg) in the body. Initially it was caused by eating mercury-coordinated fishes in the Gulf of Minimata, Japan. In it, the body parts, lips and tongue stop working, as well as deafness, blurring of the eyes and mental imbalance.

Itai-itai disease: It is caused by pollution of cadmium. This disease occurs when cadmium reaches higher levels than the body’s safety level. In addition to bones and joints pain, liver and lung cancer also occur.

Blue baby syndrome: Excess of nitrate. Excess of nitrate reacts with hemoglobin to form inactive methemoglobin which blocks oxygen transmission in the body. As a result, the body turns blue.

Black foot: Continuous exposure to arsenic causes this disease, it also causes skin and lung cancer. It is found more in animals.

Mental illness

Hysteria: Hysteria is a dramatic or extravagant behavior in a passionate or extraordinary way when there is a loss of desire or hope. Stiffness in the hands and feet of the patient, insidiousness in the body or the patient starts laughing or crying loudly.

This disease is more common in young girls and adult women. The reasons are incomplete sexual intercourse, uterine disease, weak health etc.

Read more: Plants and Human Body- Reproductive System

Cijopenia: In this, symptoms of personality formation are found in the patient. All the powers of the intellect weaken in puberty. Thoughtlessness, emotionlessness, wishlessness, misconception and false belief are its main characteristics. It is a hereditary disease.

Pedophilia: It is a sexual disorder in which a mature person, whether male or female, exhibits complete sexual arousal from adolescence with a child. It can occur with the opposite sex or homosexual.

Doctors Struggling against Diseases

Gender related diseases

Blindness: It is a sex-related disease. It does not have the ability to recognize red and green color of the patient.

That is why it is also called red-green blindness. Men are mainly affected in this. Women are only carriers. This disease occurs in women only when both of its chromosomes (× ×) are affected. If only one chromosome (×) has genes of color, then women will act as carriers. Conversely, males will become blind only when there are organisms of color blindness on one gene (×) of males.

Haemophilia: Blood clot does not form in a person suffering from this disease and blood keeps flowing on cutting or bursting. The inheritance of Himophilia is similar to color blindness ie it is also a sex-linked disease.

Women are also carriers in this. Helden believes that the disease began with Queen Victoria of Britain.

National Infectious Disease Control Program (NVBDCP): The Directorate of AVNBDCP acts as the national nodal agency for monitoring and coordinating the centrally sponsored schemes. This program is being run to protect and control the following diseases, such as Malaria, Filaria, Kala-azar, Japanese Encephalitis, Dengue etc.

Malaria: It is a parasitic disease spread by a mosquito called Plasmodium falciparum or Plasmodium vivax.

Filaria: Lymphatic filariasis is a serious disease that makes the body parts very weak and inefficient. The disease is spread by a mosquito called Culex queencucciatus. This causes swelling in the body and genitals of the afflicted person and he is unable to do any work.

Dengue fever / Dengue haemorrhagic fever: Dengue fever is a viral fever, which is spread by a female Aedes (Aedes aegypti) mosquito bite. Aedes mosquitoes breed in water stored in cutters, clusters, idle tires, cups, pots and broken pots.

Dangerous Diseases

Chikungunya: Chikungunya is a debilitating non-fatal viral disease, which occurred in India in 2006 after 36 years. It is similar to dengue fever.

Japanese encephalitis: Japanese encephalitis is a viral disease, which has a high rate of deaths. The disease lasts for a long time. The disease is caused by microbial virus.

Kalazar: Kalazar is a parasitic disease. Which is from a parasite called Leishmania donovni and is spread by a fly bite called Phlebotomus argentipus.

Tuberculosis: Tuberculosis (TB) is a serious problem in the country. A fifth of the world’s tuberculosis sufferers are found here. Every year around 18 lakh tuberculosis increases.

Control Program


National Leprosy Eradication Program: In 1955, the government started the National Leprosy Control Program. In 1983, it was changed to the National Leprosy Eradication Program (NLEP). The first phase of the National Leprosy Eradication Project with World Bank assistance started in 1993-94 and ended in March 2000.

National Cancer Control Program: Cancer is a significant public health problem in India. Every year, 7-9 lakh cases are reported. It is estimated that at present there are about 2.5 million cancer patients. Every year there are four lakh deaths due to cancer in the country. Tobacco is the cause of 40 percent of cancer in the country. Therefore, tobacco borne cancer is common in humans such as lung, oral cancer. In women, womb and breast cancer are common.

Medical Council of India: The Medical Council of India was established as a legislative body under the Indian Medical Council Act, 1933 (later repealed and brought the Indian Medical Council Act, 1956, with minor amendments in 1958).

Central Health Education Bureau: The Central Health Education Bureau was established on December 6, 1956 under the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare, Directorate General of Health Services, to promote health education and health in India.

Health Scheme

Rashtriya Arogya Nidhi: The National Disease Assistance Fund was established in the year 1997 with an amount of Rs. 5 crores. It was later renamed as Rashtriya Arogya Nidhi (RAN). This fund was established in 21 states, union territories (where there are legislative assemblies).

National Academy of Medical Sciences: The National Academy of Medical Sciences was established in New Delhi in 1961 with the aim of promoting the progress of medical science. The academy recognizes talents and abilities by electing fellows and members.

Gandhigram Institute of Rural Health and Family Welfare Trust (GIR HFWT): It was established in 1964 by the Government of India and the Government of Tamil Nadu, with the financial support of the Ford Foundation. The Health and Family Welfare Training Center at Gandhigram Institute is one of the 47 centers in the country. The training center in the institute acts as a central training institute.

Nursing Council of India: The Nursing Council of India has been constituted under the Nursing Act, 1947. This council maintains the same level of training for nurses, midwives, assistant nurse midwives and health care.

Pulse Polio Immunization: Pulse Polio Immunization Program was started for all children below 3 years of age in 1995-96 as per the 1988 resolution of the World Health Conference.

Early Days

To increase the speed of polio eradication. The target age group was increased to 5 years in 1996-97. During the winter session in 1998-99, medicines were given to prescribed centers twice on the occasion of National Immunization Day.

  • The Nutrition Cell of the Directorate General of Health Services provides technical advice in every matter related to the subject matter of policy formulation, program implementation, monitoring and evaluation, training of medical and medical personnel.
  • A balanced diet has the necessary nutrition required for the growth and maintenance of the human body in the right proportions. Generally balanced diet.
  • A normal adult should be able to provide about 3000 calories per day.
  • Include all the required elements in the correct proportions. The average person should have a ratio of 400-500 grams of carbohydrate, 70 grams of protein and 75 grams of fat, that is, fat, protein and carbohydrate is about 1: 1: 6.
  • It should be in such a way that it can be easily digested and easily prepared. So that any harmful bacteria can be removed.
  • Carbohydrate, protein and fat are very important for growing children, nutritious mothers and patients suffering from certain diseases. The player needs two and a half times more carbohydrates than a normal person.


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