computer information for kids

computer information for kids

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Computer Facts
  1. Computer’s Hindi name is Computer.
  2. Charles Babbage is called the father of computers.
  3. John Van Newman has contributed most to the development of computers.
  4. The modern computer was first invented in 1946 AD.
  5. The great revolution in the field of computers came from 1960 AD.
  6. The country with the most computers in the world is the United States. It is followed by Japan, Germany, Britain and France respectively. India ranks 19th in this list.
  7. Computer Literacy means knowing what the computer can and cannot do.
  8. 2 December is celebrated as Computer Literacy Day.
  9. The new computer policy in India was announced in November 1984.
  10. Siddhartha is the first computer manufactured in India. It was built by Electronic Corporation of India.
  11. The first computer in India (HEC-2M) was established in the year 1955. O. Was planted in Kolkata. Of India
  12. The first computerized post office is from New Delhi.
  13. India’s first pollution-free computerized petrol pump is in Mumbai.
  14. The first computer university in India to be established under the private sector is Rajiv Gandhi Computer University.
  15. The first computer reservation system in India was implemented in New Delhi.
  16. The Silicon Valley of India is located in Bengaluru.
  17. The Hindu is the first Indian newspaper to be available on the Internet.
  18. The first Indian magazine to be available on the Internet is India Today.
  19. The Bharatiya Janata Party is the first party in India to have its website on the Internet.
  20. There are mainly three types of computers – digital, analog and hybrid.
  21. A computer that performs mathematical calculations is called a digital computer.
  22. The computer which works according to the principle of estimation is called analog computer.
  23. The combined form of analog and digital is called hybrid computer.
  24. A medium-sized computer is called a mini-computer.
  25. The smallest size computer is called a microcomputer.
  26. A large computer that works 10 times faster than a normal computer is called a supercomputer.
  27. A supercomputer has a computing capacity of about 40,000 microcomputers. Its speed is measured in megaflops.
  28. The world’s first supercomputer was the CRAY K 1-S, which was completed in 1979. It was created by Cray Research Company of America.
  29. Deep Blue computer, which can work as much as 32 computers, can think 200 million moves of chess in a second.
  30. The same supercomputer had defeated world champion Gary Kasparov.
  31. The world’s first electronic digital computer is named ENIAC.
  32. The name of the world’s largest computer network is Internet.
  33. 5 generations of computers have been developed.
  34. Vacuum tubes are used in first generation computers.
  35. Semi conductor memory (memory power) is often used in modern computers.
  36. The computer board has a total of eight convenors.
  37. 1 kilo byte (KB) is equal to 1024 bytes.
  38. 1 MB or megabyte (Mega Byte) equals 1024 KB (ie 1MB = 1024 KB).
  39. 1 GB or GHz byte is equal to 1024 MB.
  40. SNOBOL is the specific language used to search for information arrival and program. The most commonly used operating system is Windows (WINDOWS).
  41. USENET is a system of connecting all universities together.
  42. When the Internet holder of a network connects with other network, it is called Gateway.
  43. Intel’s state-of-the-art microprocessor is the Pentium-iv.
  44. The first book on personal computers was written by Ted Nelson.
  45. The Pulitzer Prize was given to the book Soul of New Machine (author- Tassie Kidder) written on computer.
  46. The first magazine of computer is Computer and Automation.
  47. The first home computer is the Commodore VIC / 20.
  48. According to scientists, the Indian language Sanskrit is the easiest to computerize.
  49. The menu of the list of programs in a computer is called Menu.
  50. Data processing means preparing information for commercial use.
  51. The collection of records is called a file.
  52. The working of a digital computer is based on calculation and theory.
  53. The first practical digital computer in the world was UNIVAC.
  54. Fortron is the first language developed for programming.
  55. Hindi is a computer language region that accepts commands.
  56. COBOL High Level Language (HLL) is similar to the English language.
  57. The most appropriate documentation possible in the COBOL language.
  58. The translator’s assembly converts the language machine code into an assembly called assembler.
  59. The translation program that translates high-level language into low-level language is called Compiler.
  60. The basic (BASIC) language is called the foundation stone for teaching Fortron, Elgol, Pascal etc.
  61. Microprocessors are fourth generation computers.
  62. PROLOG is the language of the fifth generation computer.
  63. The integrated circuit chip was developed by JS Kilby.
  64. The integrated circuit chip consists of a layer of silicon.
  65. Computer inaccuracy is called bug.
  66. In 1988, C-DAC (Center for Development of Advanced Computing) was established in Pune.
  67. On 28 March 1998, a scientist from Pune’s C-DAC (C-DAC) built the computer Param-10000 with the ability to compute one trillion calculations per second, the main credit for its development to Dr. Vijay P. Bhaskar, Executive Director of C-DAC. goes.
  68. National Aeronautics Laboratories (Bengaluru) was the first in India to develop a supercomputer called FLO SOLVER.
  69. Nuclear tests on a computer are called subcritical tests.
  70. The laser printer is the fastest speed printer.
  71. IBM (International Business Machine) is a US computer company.
  72. Computer virus is a man-made digital parasite known as file infectious.
  73. There was a computer problem related to the Y-2k crisis, ie Year to Thousand dates.
  74. The Y-2k crisis was also called the million bug. Modems are devices for connecting computers that work on telephone lines.
  75. A computer connected to the Internet where special types of information are available is called a site. The process of bringing information from a nearby or remote computer or network to your computer with the help of a modem is called download.
  76. Sending information to a computer near or far from your computer is called Upload.
  77. Crash is a sudden breakdown or termination of a computer or its hard disk or a running program.
  78. Computer development in India started in 1955.
  79. Science, Bangalore has developed a palm-sized touchscreen multilingual computer called simputer.
  80. The first computerium (computer board) in India has been set up in Bengaluru, Karnataka.
  81. Vellanad village in Thiruvananthapuram district of Kerala has been declared the first fully computerized village in India.
  82. Personal computers (), home computers, electronic diaries (or briefcase computers) are examples of microcomputers.
  83. Some operating systems prevalent in microcomputers are – CP / M, Mac OS (Apple), DOS, ProDOS, MS / DOS / PC.DOS, XENIX, UNIX, WINDOWS, LINUX etc.
  84. CPU speed is known as clock speed.
  85. The instruction given to the computer by the computer user is called Command.
  86. The network of computers connected with each other with the help of telephone lines or satellites installed at different places of the world is called Internet (INTERNET).
  87. In the Internet method, all the information is filled in computers, these are called web servers in technical language.
  88. The information contained in each computer is known as Home Page.
  89. The inventor of the ATM (Automated Teller Machine) is named John Shepherd Barnes (Scotland, England).
  90. Two American people – Joel Engel and Richard Frenkiel – invented the mobile phone / cell phone in 1971 AD.

 

 

computer information for kids

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