Comptroller and Auditor General of India

Comptroller and Auditor General of India

Appointment qualifications

The following qualifications for appointment as Comptroller and Auditor General should be-
Be a citizen of India
Age below 35 years and not more than 65 years
Have a good knowledge of the state’s accounting subject
Experience of governance of the state
Functions of Comptroller and Auditor General

To audit the accounts of the Center, States and Union Territories and report to the President or Governor thereon.
The accounts of the Union Territories comprising the Legislative Assembly are audited separately and reports are submitted to the concerned Deputy Governor.
The accounts of other Union Territories are audited with the accounts of the Center.
To ensure that money is not withdrawn from the Consolidated Fund of India or the Consolidated Fund of a State without the permission of Parliament or State Legislature respectively.
To ensure that the money is spent on the same subject for which it is given.
Constitutional provision

Constitutional provisions to ensure the independence and impartiality of the Comptroller and Auditor General.
The Comptroller and Auditor General can also be removed on the same basis and on the basis of which the Judge of the Supreme Court is removed.
The salary and other conditions of their service from them will be determined by law by Parliament.
Non-profit changes will not be made in the salary and other powers of the Comptroller and Auditor General during his term of office.
He shall not be eligible to hold any other post under the Union or State Governments after retirement.
All salary and administrative expenses related to the office of the Comptroller and Auditor General shall be paid from the Consolidated Fund of India.
The Constitution is silent regarding the reappointment of the Comptroller and Auditor General.
Essential facts

The provisions of the Comptroller and Auditor General in the Constitution are in Articles 148 to Article 151.
The Comptroller and Auditor General is appointed by the President for 6 years, if he attains the age of 65 years before that he retires.
The entire financial system of India is controlled at the Union and State levels by the Comptroller and Auditor General of India.
The post of Comptroller and Auditor General in the Constitution has been made according to the Auditor General under the Government of India Act, 1935.
The Comptroller and Auditor General can be removed from his post only on the same grounds and on the basis of which the Supreme Court judge can be removed.
The salary of the Comptroller and Auditor General is equal to that of a Judge of the Supreme Court.
The Comptroller and Auditor General cannot hold any post under the Government of India after retirement.
The Comptroller and Auditor General is the custodian of public money.
All expenditure incurred from the Consolidated Fund of India and each State and each Union Territory has been subject to law.
They are appointed by the President and hold office until the age of 65 (whichever comes first).
They help the legislature or legislature to exercise financial control over the executive.
Only general discussion (not in detail) is done in Parliament on their report. This report is given to the Public Accounts Committee for study and the report of the Public Accounts Committee is discussed in detail in Parliament.
He is considered a protector of public money.

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