Top 15 coldest countries in the world

Top 15 coldest countries in the world
coldest countries

Humans have accomplished the impossible by creating a place to live in all the habitats on Earth; They may be swallowing rugged mountain ranges, submerged islands and mangroves or seashores, like the water or the Himalayas. Extremely cold climate is just one of the many habitats that humans have made their home. But how cold is too much? Here is the list of 15 coldest countries in the world.

1. Antarctica

It is no surprise that Antarctica tops the list of coldest countries in the world. Even though it is not a country, it is the coldest region on Earth and is covered with snow throughout the year. It is one of the most inaccessible places in the world with high wind speeds and lack of potable water, food or shelter. Temperatures are known to go below zero to 100 degrees. The Canada Glacier in Antarctica is one of the most beautiful glaciers in the world.

2. Kazakhstan

Located inside the Arctic Circle, this country is just below Russia and was part of the former Soviet Union. The terrain in Kazakhstan is very uneven and temperatures vary depending on altitude. There are many areas in this country which are permanently snow wrapped. During the winter, the temperature goes below zero and the locals have some interesting survival like ice fishing to withstand the weather of one of the coldest countries in the world.

3. Russia

One of the world’s largest countries extends from Europe to Asia and is a part of two continents. Most regions in Russia are very cold throughout the year and summer temperatures can also be below zero degrees. The northernmost region of Siberia is permanently covered in snow and was long used by the communist regime as a place to deport prisoners. Russian winters are famous for their speed and have kept the country from invasion many times by standing enemy forces who underestimate the severity of Russian conditions.

4. Greenland

In Greenland, there is hardly anything green in the name. This vast northern landmass is one of the coldest countries in the world and is surrounded by sea from all sides. It is one of the longest coastal countries. The summer season also has zero temperature and the region has very long days or nights depending on the weather. There is 22 hours of sunlight during summer and 3 hours of sunlight during winter.

5. Canada

Unlike Greenland, Canada, despite being highly located in the north, has a lot of greenery and lakes. However, during the winter, snowfall occurs almost all over Canada and temperatures can drop to minus 40 degrees and it is one of the coldest countries in the world. The air in this country is moist making extreme cold more tolerable. Like other northern countries, Canada is a witness to times of extreme darkness and extreme sunlight. It is one of the most visited countries in the world.

6. United States

Located in the south of Canada, the United States is one of the coldest countries in the world, although not all regions have uniform temperatures. Due to its large geographical spread, there is a range of climatic conditions in this country. The northern regions are cold and snowfall during the winter months while the southern and central regions are quite warm and favorable for agriculture. During winter, the north temperature can go below zero degree. High altitude areas are also more susceptible to snowfall.

7. Iceland

The name of Iceland accurately reflects its climatic conditions, although many think it is warmer than Greenland. Iceland is green and refreshing during the summer, but during the winter there is a dramatic change and is covered in a blanket of snow. Iceland is also one of the best places to see the northern lights.

Temperature in one of the coldest countries in the world can easily drop to minus 10 degrees or lower. The northern regions of Iceland have sub-zero temperatures throughout the year but moist air makes the climate more favorable for vegetative growth. Vatnajokull Glacier Cave is one of the most incredible caves in the world.

8. Finland

Finland is located in the extreme north of Europe and has a long winter season. Snowfall occurs throughout the country and the amount of sunshine varies dramatically according to the season. Finland is also known for the incident of Aurora borealis, known as Northern Lights. Due to the snow’s permanent presence, the Finnish have made an indelible mark on the Winter Olympic Games, which hold some of the world’s highest medals.

9. Estonia

Sub-zero temperatures of another European country on the list, Estonia, are not the result of continuous snowfall. Instead, the air currents in this country are such that the monsoon air brings in extremely cold temperatures which make this country perennial. The winters here are long but snowfall is less compared to the countries included in the list. Estonia is one of Europe’s most popular tourist destinations due to its low cost, beautiful medieval architecture and dense pine forests.

10. Mongolia

Continuing its journey south from Russia and Kazakhstan, Mongolia is another country located in Central Asia and has scattered mountain ranges that make the climate even colder. Cold winds from the north are prevented by high peaks due to snowfall in the country and temperatures can easily fall to minus twenty degrees during winter. Mongolia has many nomadic tribes, most of whom live in the mountains. They have adapted their lifestyles to extreme temperatures and thrive in this ghastly environment.


Norway shares its border with some of the best countries in the world such as Finland, Russia and Sweden. One of the most beautiful Nordic countries located in northwestern Europe is a popular tourist attraction in the European region, however, most people used to visit it in the warm months of May to August as it gets extremely cold during the winter season. The lowest temperature in Norway was -51.4 ° C on New Year’s Day in 1886.


Belarus is known for its continental where winters are extremely cold and summers are relatively faster. The coldest time in the country when Siberian Anti Cyclone reaches the country and during this time the temperature falls to -30 ° C, however, many scenarios occur when the temperature drops to -40 ° C. Apart from this, it is also during the winter season that there is abundant snowfall which occurs from December to early March.

13. Sweden

Overall Sweden has a similar climate, although due to the winter season, it is listed as one of the coldest countries in the world. The climate of the countries has been affected by the Gulf Stream and a hot clean stream flowing off the west coast of Norway. All four seasons (spring, summer, fall and winter) have their own distinct effects and vary greatly from north to south.


Denmark is a relatively warm country if we compare it to the coldest countries in the world, through the country Canada and Russia share the same latitude as Siberia. This is because the country has warm ocean currents that originate from South America. According to the Danmark Meteorologiske Institute, Denmark had the lowest temperature ever recorded at -31.2 ° C (January 1982), making it one of the coldest countries in the world.

15. Latvia

Latvia winters are relatively cold and gray, often with snowfall, mostly seen during the winter season. According to Viborc, Latvia has the lowest temperature recorded at -43.2 ° C. The coldest months in the country are January and February with average temperatures ranging between -4.6 and -4.7 degrees Celsius. The annual rainfall in Latvia is 667 mm.

Living in such cold areas requires great changes in lifestyle, diet, clothing as well as physical changes in skin color, blood oxygen level or facial structure that have evolved over the centuries. Depending on where one lives, daytime activities can vary greatly. In such cold regions, day-to-day jobs, along with travel, food, clothing, shelter, vary greatly and depend largely on the climate. Have you visited any of these cold countries?

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published.