Chronology Of India

Chronology Of India and World History

Chronology Of India and World History

Chronology Of India and World History:

  • 500,000–10,000 BCE Stone Age Culture – Rise of Homo Sapiens Sapiens in Africa 100,000 BCE.
  • 10,000–4000 BCE Middle Stone Culture |
  • 4000 BCE Neolithic Period |
  • In 3200 BC, Sumerians established the world’s first civilization.
  • The beginning of the Harappan civilization from 3000–2600 BC.
  • 2600-2500 BCE Harappan Civilization in its most developed state- Rise of Chinese Civilization in 2200 BCE.
  • The fall of the Harappan civilization from 2000–1900 BC.
  • Aryans Invasion in North-West India 2000–1500 BCE.
  • The beginning of the Vedic era, 1500–500 BC.
  • In 1200–900 BC, the four codes Atharva Veda, Rigveda, Samaveda and Yajurveda (Atharva Veda, Rig Veda,
  • Sama Veda, Yajur Veda) was composed – the rise of the Hebrew civilization (1200 BC).
  • In 1000 BCE the Aryans migrated to the Ganges valley.
  • The Upanishads were composed in 800–700 BC.
  • The oldest date in the Rigveda is dated to 600 BCE.
  • The rise of sixteen great kingdoms (Mahajanapada) in 600 BCE.
  • 563–483 BCE Life of Buddha.
  • Bimbisara’s reign 540-493 BC – Establishment of the Roman Republic in 509 BC.
  • Life of Mahavira, the twenty-fourth Jain Tirthankara in 540-468 BC
  • In 527 BC the Buddha delivered the first sermon.
  • In 517 BCE, the Achaemenid empire of Persia captured Gandhara.
  • The rise of the kingdom of Magadha in Pataliputra in 500 BCE.
  • Ajatashatru’s reign in 490-459 BC.

Before Criest

  • The composition of Mahabharata and Ramayana in 400 BC.
  • 362–321 BCE Nanda dynasty ruled in the north and central India.
  • In 326 BC Alexander crossed the Indus River, the Battle of Hydapes between Alexander and Porus- The Jhelum
  • The River is called Hydaspes in the ancient Greek language and the Vistasta in the Rigveda.
  • The reign of Chandragupta (Chandragupta), the founder of the Maurya dynasty in 321–297 BC.
  • 321–296 BCE Arthashastra.
  • In 302 BC the Greek ambassador Megasthenes came to the court of Chandragupta, who was sent by the
  • Hellenistic king Seleucus I. Megasthenes also composed Indica. – Construction of the Great Wall in China.
  • Bindusara’s reign 297-272 BC.
  • The reign of Ashoka, 268–231 BC.
  • The conquest of Kalinga by Ashoka in 260 BC.
  • Construction of 14 inscriptions, with Kalinga inscriptions of Ashoka in 257–256 BC.
  • In 251 BCE, Ashoka sent his son Mahendra to promote Ceylon (Sri Lanka) Buddhism.
  • 250–240 BCE The third Buddhist association in Pataliputra.
  • The construction of the seven pillar inscriptions of Ashoka in 242 BC.
  • 240–232 BCE construction of short column inscriptions.
  • The death of the last Mauryan king Brahadarth in 184 BC, the rise of King Pushyamitra of the Sunga dynasty.
  • The murder of King Devabhuti of the last Sunga dynasty in 73 BC.

Indo-Bactrians and Northwest India Indo-Bactrians and Northwest India

  • Establishment of the kingdom on the plains of the Oxus River by the Bactrian Greeks in 250 BCE.
  • Demetrius became the king of Indians from 200-190 BC.
  • The reign of the most famous Indo-Greek ruler Menander 166–155 BC.
  • The development and spread of Gandhara art in 150 BCE.
  • 140–130 BCE ruled by the last Indo-Bactrian king Heliokles.
  • The rule of the Maues, Shakas or Indo-Parthian kings in northwest India in 94 BC.
  • 78 AD Kanishka founded the Kushan dynasty as “King of Gandhara”.

South and Central India South And Central India

  • 50 BC – 50 AD Trade with the Roman Empire at its height.
  • 5 BC-29 AD, The Life of Jesus and the Rise of Christianity.
  • 27 BC – 2 AD Satavahana (Andhra) dynasty.
  • Death of St. Thomas in 68 AD, Mylapore, Madras.
  • 150 AD, Rudraman established power in western India.
  • Establishment of developed state in Andhra under Yajan from 174-203 BC.
  • End of Satavahana dynasty (Andhra Pradesh) in 225 BC.
  • 255 BCE – mid 6th century, Vakataka rule of Bundelkhand.
  • Establishment of Pallava dynasty in 325 BC.

Gupta Dynasty

  • The establishment of the Gupta Empire by Chandragupta I 320-335 AD.
  • 320 AD Puranas composed.
  • 335–375 AD Samudragupta’s reign.
  • 375–415 AD The golden period of the Gupta dynasty during the rule of Chandragupta II or Chandragupta
  • Vikramaditya. Kalidas also lived in the court of Chandragupta II.
  • 405–411 AD Chinese pilgrim Fahsien (Fa-hsien) arrives in India at the court of Chandragupta II.
  • 454 AD Vallabhi Council of Jainism organized – Svetambara and Digambara originating in two different sects.
  • The reign of Skandagupta in 455-467 AD, the Huns invaded Northwest India.
  • 543-566 AD The establishment of the dynasty of the Chalukyas of Badami under Pulakeshin I.
  • The establishment of the Pallava dynasty at Kanchi by 560-574 AD Simhavishnu.
  • Development of Pallava power under Mahendravarman 600-630 AD – 570-632 AD Life period of Mohammed
  • Sahab, rise and spread of 7-8th century Islam
  • 609-642 AD expansion of Chalukya power under Pulakeshin II, struggle between Pallavas and Chalukyas for
  • dominance in South India.
  • The construction of Ellora caves by the Rashtrakutas between 752 CE – 10th.
  • 756-757 AD Construction of Kailashnath Temple at Ellora.

North India North India

  • 606-647 AD Harsha Vardhan’s rule of Kannauj.
  • 629–645 AD Chinese Buddhist traveler Hsieun Tsang visits India.
  • The defeat of Harsha Vardhana by the Chalukyas in AD 630.
  • The conquest of Sindh by the Arabs in 711 AD, the establishment of Islam in India.
  • 736 AD Delhi (Delhi) established.
  • 750-770 AD Gopal founded the Pala dynasty in Bengal.
  • 752 AD Pallava king defeated the Chalukyas.
  • Gurjara-Pratiharas established their power in Ujjain in 780 AD.
  • 788-836 AD Shankaracharya’s lifetime.
  • 814-840 AD The reign of the most powerful Rashtrakuta king Amoghavarsha.
  • 836-885 AD Establishment of Pratihara Empire by King Bhoja.
  • 885-910 AD The spread of the Pratihara Empire by King Mahendrapala.
  • 1077-1120 AD Increase in power of Pala dynasty under King Rampal of Pala dynasty.
  • The 11th-13th century crusade resulted in greater contact in the East-West.
  • The creation of Rajatarangini by Kalhan in 1148 AD.

South India South India

  • 897 AD Chola dynasty founded by King Aditya.
  • Increase in the power of the Cholas under Parantaka I in 907 AD.
  • 939–968 AD The dominion of the Rashtrakutas in the Deccan.
  • In 973 AD Tayla, the Chalukyas of Kalyani defeated the Rashtrakutas, and later established the Chalukya dynasty.
  • 985-1016 AD Rajaraja I founded the Chola Empire.
  • 1016-1044 AD The reign of Rajendra Chola.
  • In 1025 AD, the Cholas conducted war with the Navy in Southeast Asia.
  • 1025–1137 Life of Ramanuja, the Vaishnava teacher.
  • In 1077 AD Chola merchants traveled to China.
  • In 1100 AD Ramanuja led the Bhakti movement.
  • 1246–1279 AD Rajendra III, the lifetime of the last Chola king.
Ghaznavi and Ghori Empire in North India Ghaznavids and Ghurids in North India
  • 971-1030 Reign of Mahmud of Ghazni.
  • 973–1048 lifetime of Alberuni Firdausi
  • 997-1014 Mahmud of Ghazni invaded northern India and looted every year in Afghanistan. Muhammed Ghori
  • defeated Ghaznavi and captured Punjab.
  • 1175 Muhammad Ghori’s first invasion of India.
  • 1179 Possession of Peshawar by Muhammad Ghori.
  • 1186 Lahore occupied by Muhammad Ghori.
  • 1192 Mohammad Ghori defeated the Rajputs under the leadership of Prithviraj Chauhan in the Battle of Tarain.
  • 1193 Muhammad Ghori captured Delhi and North India.
  • 1206 Muhammad Ghori was assassinated in Lahore.
Delhi Sultanate
  • 1206-1210 Qutb-ud-din Aibak founded the Mamluk dynasty (Ghulam dynasty, or Delhi Sultanate).
  • 1211–1136 reign of Shams-ud-din Iltutmish.
  • 1221–1222: Mongol invasion started in northwest India.
  • 1231 Capture of Gwalior by Iltutmish.
  • 1235 Possession of Ujjain.
  • 1236–1240 Razia’s reign.
  • 1240–1246 ruled by an elite group of forty nobles.
  • 1246–1286 Balban’s rule.
  • 1266–1286 Establishment of Delhi as a Center for Muslim Arts and Studies by Balban.
  • 1290 Establishment of the Khilji dynasty.
  • 1290-1296 The reign of the first Khilji ruler Jalal-ud-Din Firuz Shah – prevented the invasion of Mongols.
  • 1296–1326 reign of Alauddin Muhammad Khilji.
  • The rise of the 14th century Suhrawardy, Chishti and Firdausi Sufi sects. 1300 AD Aztec civilization at its climax.
  • 1301 The capture of the Rajput fort Ranthambore by Alauddin Muhammad Khilji.
  • 1303 Capture of Rajput fort Chittor by Alauddin Muhammad Khilji.
  • 1309-1311 Conquest of South India by Alauddin Muhammad Khilji.
  • 1316 reign of Shihab-al-Din Omar.
  • 1316–1320 Qutb-al-Din Mubarak Shah’s reign.
  • 1320 Tughlaqs replaced the Khaljis as Sultans of Delhi.
  • 1320-1324 The reign of Ghiyasuddin Tughlaq Shah I.
  • 1324–1351 reign of Muhammad Tughluq Shah.
  • 1334 Malabar was released from the rule of the Tughlaqs.
  • 1336–1646 Vijayanagara Empire.
  • 1337 Malik Shams-ud-Din’s reign over Bengal was free from the rule of the Tughlaqs.
  • 1347–1526 Bahmani dynasty.
  • 1351 The reign of Ghiyas-al-Din Mahmud Shah.
All types of rulers of Delhi
  • 1351–1388 Feroz Shah’s reign.
  • 1388–1389 The reign of Ghiyas-al-Din Tughlaq Shah II.
  • 1389–1390 reign of Abu Bakr Shah.
  • 1390–1394 reign of Nasir al-Din Muhammad Shah.
  • 1394 The reign of Ala-al-Din Sikandar Shah.
  • 1394–1412 reign of Nasir al-Din Mahmud Shah.
  • 1398–1399 Looting in Delhi by Timur Lung’s forces.
  • 1414–1450 rule of Sayyids as Sultans of Delhi.
  • 1440-1518 Preaching Unity of All Religions by Kabir.
  • In 1450 the Lodhis installed the Sayyids in Delhi.
  • 1469–1539 Life of Guru Nanak, the founder of Sikhism.
  • 1480–1564 Lifetime of Purandar Das, composer of Carnatic music.
  • 1482–1673 Southern Sultanates of Ahmednagar, Berar, Bijapur,
  • 1482–1673 Rise of the Deccan Sultanates of Ahmednagar, Berar, Bijapur, Bidar, and Golconda.
  • 1486–1533 Life of Chaitanya, teacher of Hindu devotion. 1492 Columbus made his first voyage to America.
  • 1498 Portuguese presence in India established by Vasco da Gama.
  • 1509-1529 Krishnadeva Raya’s reign over Vijayanagar.
  • 1510 Portuguese led by Afonso de Albuquerque took over Goa.
  • 1526 Babur defeated the Sultan of Delhi, Ibrahim Lodi in the first battle of Panipat.
  • 1530 Babur’s death and Humayun’s rule.
  • 1532–1623 Life of Tulsi Das.
  • 1540 Sher Shah defeated Humayun, Humayun’s exile to Persia.
  • 1551–1602 Lifespan of Abul Fazl.
  • 1555 Humayun’s return and Humayun recaptured Delhi.
  • 1556 Humayun’s death and Akbar succeeded Gaddi. Second War of Panipat.
Other countries who ruled India
  • 1556–1605 reign of Akbar. 1558 Elizabeth I ascended the throne in England.
  • 1563 Abolition of pilgrimage tax on Hindus.
  • 1564 Abolition of tax jizya imposed on non-Muslims.
  • 1571 Construction of new capital at Fatehpur Sikri.
  • 1573 Victory over Gujarat.
  • 1575 Construction of Ibadatkhana.
  • 1576 Victory over Bengal.
  • 1581 Victory over Kabul.
  • 1582 Beginning of Din-i-Ilahi by Akbar.
  • 1584 Renunciation of Fatehpur Sikri.
  • 1592 Victory of Orissa.
  • 1595 Victory of Balochistan.
  • 1600 Charter was given to the East India Company by Queen Elizabeth I.
  • 1605–1627 Jahangir’s reign.
  • 1612 Establishment of a trading center in Surat by the East India Company.
  • 1616–1618 Sir Thomas Roe came to the court of Jahangir, permitting the East India Company to do business in India.
  • 1619 Establishment of British “factory” at Surat.
  • 1628–1658 reign of Shah Jahan.
  • 1630–1680 Life of Shivaji, the founder of the Maratha dynasty.
  • 1642 Establishment of the British trading fort Fort St. George in Madras.
  • 1643 Construction of Taj Mahal completed.
  • 1658–1707 The reign of Aurangzeb.
  • 1664 French East India Company established.
  • 1674 Shivaji’s coronation as Chhatrapati.
  • 1679 Aurangzeb imposed Jizya on non-Muslims.
  • In 1681 Aurangzeb began a campaign for the conquest of the Deccan.
  • 1686 Victory over Bijapur.
  • 1689 Golconda was captured, assassinated by Shambhuji.
  • 1690 Job Charnock established British trading center in Calcutta.
  • 1699 Sikh Khalsa founded by tenth Guru, Gobind Rai.
Mughals In Eighteenth And Nineteenth Centuries
  • 1707–1712 reign of Bahadur Shah.
  • 1713–1719 reign of Farrukh Sire. Syed brothers Hussain Ali and Abdullah dominated as ‘king makers’.
  • 1714 Rise of Maratha power under Peshwa Balaji Vishwanath.
  • 1719 The reigns of Rafi-ud Darjat, Rafi-ud Daulat, and Nicusier.
  • The reign of Muhammad Shah, 1719–1748.
  • 1723 Nizam al-Mulk founded Nizami in Hyderabad.
  • 1739 Battle of Karnal. Nadir Shah of Iran looted in Delhi.
  • The reign of Ahmed Shah, 1748–1754. 1750 Industrial Revolution in Europe.
  • 1754–1759 reign of Alamgir II.
  • The reign of Shah Alam II, 1759–1806.
  • 1806-1837 reign of Akbar II.
  • The reign of Bahadur Shah II, 1837-1857
British In Eighteenth  And Nineteenth-Century India
  • 1742–1763 battles in the British and French as a result of their global war, for supremacy over South India.
  • 1746 Capture of Madras by Joseph François Dupleix.
  • 1746–1794 Life of Sir William Jones.
  • 1748 British regain Madras.
  • 1751 Robert Clive captured Arcot.
  • 1756 Black Hole Incident of Calcutta.
  • 1757 Clive won the Battle of Plassey.
  • French defeat by British in 1760.
  • 1761 Establishment of Muslim power in Mysore by Hyder Ali.
  • 1764 British victory at the Battle of Buxar.
  • 1765 East India Company was found to be a Bengal addict.
  • 1772–1785 Warren Hastings, 1772–1773 Governor General of Bengal; 1784–1785 Governor General of India.
  • 1774 Rohilla War.
  • 1778 First Maratha War.
  • Establishment of Bengal Asiatic Society in 1784.
  • 1786–1793 Charles Carnavalis, Governor General of India.
  • 1793 Establishment of permanent zamindari system by Carnavalis.
  • 1789–1805 Richard Kole Wellesley Governor General.
  • 1799 Tipu Sultan of Mysore was defeated by the British at Srirangapatam.
  • 1801-1839 Establishment of the Sikh Empire by Ranjit Singh.
  • 1802 Treaty of Bhasin.
  • 1803 Second Anglo-Maratha War.
Wars across the world
  • 1805 July – October, Charles Carnavalis becomes Governor General.
  • 1805–1807 George Barlow became Acting Governor General.
  • 1807-1813 Gilbert Elliott, First Earl of Minto, Governor General.
  • 1813 Christian missionaries arrive in India.
  • 1813–1823 Warren Hastings Governor General.
  • 1814-1816 Anglo-Gurkha War.
  • 1818 Third Maratha War, defeat of Marathas.
  • 1817-1898 Life of Syed Ahmad Khan.
  • 1823–1828 William Pitt Amherst Governor General.
  • 1826 Treaty of Yandabu with Burma.
  • 1827 Shimla began to be used for summer operations.
  • 1828 Establishment of Brahmo Samaj by Ram Mohan Roy.
  • 1828–1835 William Cavendish Bentick, Governor General.
  • 1829 The practice of sati was declared illegal.
  • 1835–1836 Charles Theophilus Metcalf, Acting Governor General.
  • 1836-1842 George Eden, Earl of Auckland, Governor General.
  • 1838–1842 First Afghan War.
  • 1839–1842 Opium War.
  • 1842-1844 Allenborough Governor General |
  • 1843 Sindh occupied by East India Company.
  • 1844–1848 Henry Harding Governor General.
  • 1845 First Sikh War.
  • 1848–1856 Dalhousie Governor General.
  • 1848-1849 Second Anglo Sikh War.
  • 1849 Merger of Punjab by East India Company.
  • 1852 Second Burma War.
  • 1853 First railway line between Mumbai and Thane, first telegraph line between Kolkata and Agra.
  • 1856 Merger of Awadh.
  • 1856–1861 Canning, Governor General and Viceroy of India.
  • Lifespan of Bal Gangadhar Tilak 1856–1920.
  • 10 May 1857, the beginning of the Indian rebellion.
  • Queen’s proclamation in 1858.
  • 1862–1863 Governor General and Viceroy of Elgin India.
  • 1864–1869 John Lawrence, Governor General and Viceroy of India.
  • 1865 Telegraph connection between England and India.
  • 1866–1915 Life of Gopal Krishna Gokhale.
  • 1867 Press and Book Registration Act in force.
  • 1869–1872 Governor General and Viceroy of Mayo India.
  • Life of Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi 1869–1948.
  • 1872 First Census of India.
Wars across the world
  • 1872–1876 Governor General and Viceroy of Northbrook India.
  • 1875 Muhammad Anglo Oriental College established in Aligarh.
  • Established in 1875 Mayo College Ajmer.
  • Life of Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel 1875-1950.
  • Queen Victoria became the Queen of India by the Royal Titles Act of 1876.
  • 1876–1880 Governor General and Viceroy of Linton India.
  • Life of Mohammad Ali Jinnah 1876–1948.
  • The 1878 Vernacular Press Act and the Second Anglo-Afghan War.
  • 1880–1884 Ripon Governor-General and Viceroy of India.
  • 1880 War of Mevand (Afghanistan), Lord Roberts marched towards Kandahar.
  • 1882 Establishment of headquarters of Theosophical Society near Madras.
  • 1883–1884 Ilbert Bill Controversy.
  • 1884–1888 Dufferin Governor General and Viceroy of India.
  • 1885 Indian National Congress founded in Bombay Third Anglo-Burma War.
  • 1886 Burma annexed.
  • 1888–1894 Lansdowne Governor General and Viceroy of India.
  • 1889 The Ahmadiyya sect was established in Punjab.
  • Life of Jawaharlal Nehru 1889–1964.
  • The 1891 Consent Act was enacted.
  • 1892 Indian Council Act implemented.
  • 1894-1899 Governor General and Viceroy of Elgin India.
  • Life of Liaquat Ali Khan 1895–1951.
  • 1899–1905 Curzon Governor General and Viceroy of India.
Twentieth Century To 1947
  • 1900 North-West Frontier Province.
  • 1904 Younghoused campaign in Tibet.
  • 1905 Partition of Bengal.
  • 1905–1910 Minto Governor General and Viceroy of India.
  • 1906 All India Muslim League established.
  • 1907 Congress split between liberals and extremists (soft party and hot party) in Surat.
  • 1908 Newspaper Act.
  • 1909 Tilak found guilty of treason. Establishment of councils of law of India (Minto-Morley reforms). Lord Sinha appointed to the Council of Governors-General.
  • 1910 Establishment of Ashram in Pondicherry by Shri Arvind Ghosh.
  • 1910 Newspapers (Abetment to Crime) Act.
  • Delhi Durbar in 1911. The capital of India was shifted from Calcutta to Delhi. The partition of Bengal was canceled.
  • 1911–1916 Hardinge Governor General and Viceroy of India.
  • 1913 Nobel Prize for Literature to Rabindranath Tagore.
  • 1915 Defense of India Act. World War I, 1914–1918.
  • 1916 Lucknow Agreement between All India Muslim League and Indian National Congress. Home Rule Movement.
  • 1916–1921 Chelmsford Governor General and Viceroy of India.
  • 1917 Montague Declaration.
  • Life of Indira Gandhi, 1917–1984.
  • Government of India Act of 1918 (Montague-Chelmsford Reforms).
  • 1919 Rowlett Act. Amritsar (Jallianwala Bagh) Massacre.
  • 1920 Mahatma Gandhi’s first non-cooperation movement begins.
  • Khilafat Movement 1920-1924.
  • 1921–1926 Reading Governor General and Viceroy of India.
  • Life of Satyajit Ray, 1921–1992.
  • 1922 Chaura Chauri incident. Gandhiji was sentenced to six years of imprisonment. Formation of Swaraj Party.
Twentieth Century To 1947
  • 1924 Gandhi released from prison.
  • 1925 Mudiman Committee Report. Sikh Gurudwara Act.
  • 1925–1931 Irwin Governor General and Viceroy of India.
  • 1927 Appointed Simon Commission.
  • 1928 Nehru Report. Lala Lajpat Rai’s death in Lahore.
  • Mohammad Ali Jinnah’s fourteen point formula in 1929.
  • 1930 January 26, Independence Day declared by the Indian National Congress. Dandi Travel Report submitted by Simon Commission. First Round Table Conference. The demand for the creation of a Muslim state by Sir Muhammad Iqbal.
  • 1931 Production of the first Indian film in Mumbai. Gandhi-Irwin Pact. Second Round Table Conference. Indian Press (Emergency Powers) Act.
  • 1931–1936 Willington Governor General and Viceroy of India.
  • 1932 August 16, Communal Award. Third Round Table Conference.
  • 1935 Government of India Act.
  • 1936–1943 Linlithgow Governor General and Viceroy of India.
  • 1937 General Election. Formation of government in seven provinces by the Indian National Congress.
  • 1939 Defense of India Act. 1939–1945 World War II. The provincial governments of the Indian National Congress resigned. On 22 December, the All India Muslim League celebrated Liberation Day.
  • 1940 August Proposal.
  • 1941 March 23, Lahore Declaration of All India Muslim League, Pakistan demand.
  • 1942 Cripps Mission. Quit India campaign of Indian National Congress.
  • Bengal famine in 1943. Formation of Indian National Army by Subhash Chandra Bose.
  • 1943–1947 Wavell Governor General and Viceroy of India.
  • 1944 Gandhi-Jinnah Dialogue.
  • 1945 Desai-Liaquat Agreement. 27 June to 14 July, First Shimla Conference.General election.
  • 1946 Cabinet Mission. August 16 Direct Action Day by All India Muslim League. The riots of Noakhali. Second Shimla Conference. Formation of Interim Government.
  • 1947 February 20, Prime Minister Clement Attlee’s statement. Mountbatten Governor General and Viceroy. Plan of 3 June, Declaration of independence and partition of India. August 14, Independence of India and Pakistan.
India Since 1947
  • 1947–1948 Lewis Mountbatten Governor General and Viceroy.
  • 1947–1964 Jawaharlal Nehru Prime Minister of India.
  • 30 January 1948, assassination of Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi. The invasion and annexation of Hyderabad.
  • 1948–1950 Chakravarti Rajagopalachari Governor General of India.
  • 26 January 1950, the Indian Constitution comes into existence. Rajendra Prasad, First President of India.
  • Establishment of National Planning Commission. Death of Vallabhbhai Patel. Charity of Missionaries established by Mother Teresa.
  • 1951 First Five-Year Plan.
  • 1952 First General Election.
  • 1955 Bandung Conference.
  • 1956 India’s first nuclear reactor operation started functioning. State Reorganization Act. Second Five-Year Plan.
  • Joined Jammu and Kashmir India in 1957. Second General Election.
  • In 1959, the Dalai Lama escaped from Tibet to India.
  • 1960 Doordarshan telecast from Delhi. Indus Water Treaty with Pakistan.
  • 1961 invaded Goa and merged.
  • 1962 Nagaland State formed. Border war with India and China in the Northeast.
  • 1962–1967 Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan President of India.
  • 1964 May 24, death of Jawaharlal Nehru.
  • 1964-1966 Lal Bahadur Shastri Prime Minister.
  • 1965 War with Pakistan.
  • 1966 Tashkent Agreement with Pakistan. Indira Gandhi became Prime Minister.
  • 1967 Fourth General Election.
  • 1967-1969 Zakir Hussain President of India.
  • 1968 Green Revolution begins.
  • 1969-1974 Varahagiri Venkata Giri, President of India. The first step of the human moon moon 1969.
  • 1971 Princess Privy Purse abolished. Indo-Soviet Treaty on Peace, Friendship and Cooperation. December 4, War with Pakistan in East Pakistan.
  • 1974 May 5, nuclear test by India.
  • 1975 26 June, “National Emergency” declared by Indira Gandhi.
  • 1977-1979 Morarji Desai became Prime Minister.
  • In 1980 Indira Gandhi was re-elected to the post of Prime Minister.
  • 1984 June, in Amritsar, ‘Operation Bluestar’. October 31, assassination of Indira Gandhi. Rajiv Gandhi became Prime Minister.
India Since 1947
  • 1985 New Economic Policy.
  • 1987 Mizoram, Arunachal Pradesh and Goa became the new states. July, Indo-Sri Lanka signed the treaty.
  • 1989 Vishwanath Pratap Singh became Prime Minister.
  • 1990 Chandra Shekhar became Prime Minister.
  • 1991 May 21, Rajiv Gandhi assassination. PV Narasimha Rao became Prime Minister.
  • 1992 October, Babri Masjid demolished.
  • 1996 Atal Bihari Vajpayee became the Prime Minister for thirteen days. HD Deve Gowda became Prime Minister.
  • 1997 Inder Kumar Gujral became Prime Minister.
  • Kocheri Raman Narayanan President of India. September 29, India began sending rockets into space.
  • 1998 March 20, Atal Bihari Vajpayee, Prime Minister. May 11–13, India conducted a nuclear test. May 13, United States imposed economic sanctions on India. Violence against Christians.
  • The Congress returned to power in the 2004 general elections.
  • 2005 India and Pakistan agree to give advance warning of missile test.

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