Biography of Eldridge Cleaver
Name: Leroy Aldridge Cleaver.
Born: 29 May 1974, Chicago, Illinois, US .
Father : .
mother : .
Wife / Husband: Kathleen Cleaver.
Born August 31, 1935 in Wabaseca, Arkansas, Eldridge Cleaver spent much of his youth in California’s correctional schools and prisons. He began to write while disorganized. Free on parole, he joined the Black Panthers and published his prison essays on Soul in the Ice. In 1968, he left the country to escape his return to prison. Cleaver was 62 when he died on 1 May 1998 in Pomona, California.
As a teenager, Cleaver was accused of stealing a bicycle and was sent to a correctional school. He will return on a second stay to sell marijuana. In 1954, Cleaver was sent to prison for possession of marijuana. During his disarray, Cleaver began to develop his political philosophy. After his release in 1957, he raped an unknown number of women, both black and white. They felt that their rapes of white women were “degrading” rapes, which were justified under the whites-dominated system of African Americans.
In 1966, Cleaver joined the Black Panther Party for self-defense, soon followed by Huy Newton and Bobby Seeley in Oakland. Clever became the party’s first Information Minister The following year he married Kathleen Cleaver, a member of the Black Panther Party. Due to the popularity of Soul on Ice, Cleaver soon became one of the most well-known Panther leaders, a position that grew from his 1968 run for US president on a Peace and Freedom Party ticket. The same year Cleaver was seriously injured during a shootout between the Black Panthers and Oakland Police. Facing murder charges, he dropped bail and fled to the United States, deported to Mexico, Algeria, Cuba and France.
When Cleaver returned to America in 1975, he experienced a political change. He condemned the Black Panther Party and told the media that he would get a fair trial in the American legal system. After a lengthy legal battle, the court dropped his murder charge and placed him on probation for assault.
After being granted parole, Cleaver met Huey Newton and Bobby Seeley, who had recently founded the Black Panther Party in Oakland, California. Cleaver soon became the party’s Minister of Information. The 1968 publication of Soul on Ice, a collection of angry memoirs in which Cleaver traced his political developments condemning American racism, made him a prominent black radical spokesman.
In April 1968, however, he was involved in a shoot-out in Oakland between the Black Panthers and police that killed a panther and wounded Cleaver and two police officers. Cleaver took bail in November 1968 and fled to Cuba and then Algeria in November 1968, after facing imprisonment again after the shoot-out.
In 1980, Cleaver attempted to create a new religion, Kristallam, which was a combination of Christianity and Islam. In the early 1980s, he joined the Republican Party and supported Ronald Reagan in his 1984 presidential election campaign. He made several runs for political office between 1984 and 1992, including his unsuccessful candidacy for the Republican nomination in the 1986 US Senate race in California.
Cleaver made several drug-related arrests in the late 1980s and early 1990s. But ended his drug habit and converted himself to Christianity. When former colleagues questioned his many religious conversions and changing extreme political views, Cleaver said, “I have a very good track record of understanding certain truths and taking political positions ahead of the crowd and being ahead of others . Inspired by later experience. Nevertheless, when I take these experiences, I have been attacked for doing so. “