Achievements of Emperor Harsha Vardhana
Emperor Harshavardhana was the last glorious emperor of the glorious tradition of the rulers of ancient India. He was a successful warrior, mighty conqueror, able ruler, Prajavatsal and pious emperor. Harsh, having risen from a simple position, had made an important place on the political map of the then India. Vana has associated Harsha with names like Chatu, Samudraadhipati and Sav Chakravarti Dhirey, etc. in his classical work Harshacharit. Harsha’s head was undeniably established in the entire kingdom of the Ganges, from the Himalaya Mountains to Namrada (which also included Nepal) in addition to Malwa, Gujarat and Saurashtra in Harsha’s empire. Because of establishing dominance in North India, Harsha has been conferred with the title Sakalottara Pathnath.
Dr. KM Highlighting the expansion of Harsha’s empire, Panikkar wrote that Harsha’s empire extended from Kamrup to Kashmir in the west and from the Himalayas in the north to the Vindhyas in the south. But Dr. Rameshchandra Majumdar has denied this. According to Dr. Majumdar, the joint provinces of Agra and Awadh in Harsha’s empire, Bihar and some parts of East Punjab, northwest of Moti. Except Pulli (according to Hieun Tsang), the rest of the area used to come.
King Harsha was not only a skilled conqueror but also a skilled ruler. The king had the highest position in the administration. He was the principal architect of the empire. He had the highest powers of governance in his hands. He used to appoint all high officials, take out orders and declarations, act as judge, also lead the army in war. He had titles of Param Bhattaraka, Parameshwara, Param Devata, Maharajadhiraj etc. He carried out his administration responsibilities with full devotion. In Waters’ words, Harsha was more diligent and the extension of the day was too short for his work. Harsha’s administrative skills can be seen from the fact that Harsh kept the water revenue system balanced. Usman did not increase the tax burden on his subjects on the one hand and did not increase the expenditure of the state on the other. He did many useful works for public welfare. The most live proof of his charity was to give everything to him in the form of donations in Prayag every fifth year. Hiuen Tsang, who was automatically present at the Sixth Religious Conference of Prayag (643-644 AD), wrote, Maharaja Harshavardhana, following his ancestors, distributed the accumulated fund of five years in one day. Harsh also shared his wealth with students, widows and the afflicted. When he had nothing left, he also donated the crowned crown and free of charge. Finally, as a symbol of his poverty, Harsha took him with a worn and worn cloth from his sister Rajya.
Apart from this, he made full arrangements for the construction and protection of the grassroots. In this context we can again introduce the words of Hieun Tsang. According to this traveler- He (Harsha) stopped the carnivores in Panchbharata (Panchgowd) and refused to give harsh corporal punishment to the creatures. He built thousands of stupas on the banks of the Ganges, built rest houses for the travelers all over his kingdom. And got Bihar established in holy Buddhist places. He regularly organized the five-year charity and distributed food to 100 Buddhist monks and 500 Brahmins every day for the sake of religion. The king’s day was divided into three parts. Out of which one part was earmarked for royalty and the other two for religious acts.
Another characteristic of the personality of Emperor Harsha is that he was a scholar, a writer, and a harbinger of scholars and writers. The famous scholar of famous works like Kadambari and Harshacharit had his special compassion on the scholar Vannabhatta. Hara was also provided shelter to Vayu concerning Maya, and he composed the famous treatise of Kamshastra, Ashtak. Another famous litterateur in the court of Harsha was Matang Diwakar. Harsha was not only a harbinger of litterateurs but he was also a qualified litterateur. She is considered the author of three Sanskrit plays named Ratnavali, Priyadarshika and Naganand. Keeping these characteristics of Harsha’s personality, Dr. Baijnath Sharma has written that happiness is counted among the great rulers of India. It had the military genius of Chandragupta Maurya, the generosity of Ashoka and the politics of Samudragupta and the enlightenment of Chandragupta Vikramaditya.
Emperor Harsha Vardhana | Emperor Harsha Vardhana