1967 Confrontation between India and China

1967 Confrontation between India and China

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Indian officers occupying a fort on the Ladakh border during the war between India and China, 1962.

20 Indian soldiers were killed in a skirmish with the Chinese army in the deep valley of the Himalayas. After this, tension between the two countries has increased. Although the script of this violent clash was not ready in a day, it has taken several decades to build.

The power of both the nuclear powers is in the hands of such leaders who want to show their strength in the areas of doubt. In such a situation, other nations have issued warnings to them and also asked to remain calm.

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The dispute started in 1914. When representatives from Britain, the Republic of China and Tibet gathered in Shimla. These representatives had joined here to make treaties on the status of Tibet and the border of British India-China.

China, which is obstructing the terms of Tibet’s autonomy and rights, did not sign the deal, but Britain and Tibet did sign a treaty called the McMahon Line. The line was named after Henry McMahon, a British officer who offered the border.

This line is the official border of India and China. India considers the 550-mile-long border in the Himalayas, but China has never accepted it.

India became independent in 1947, two years after the Chinese revolutionary Mao Jedong ended the communist revolution and established the People’s Republic of China. Soon after, the border dispute between the two countries started and tensions rose in 1950. China insisted that Tibet was never independent, so it could not sign to create an international border.

China demanded control of the roads necessary for its Western Frontier based in Xiajiang. Whereas India and its other Western allies saw Chinese incursions as spreading Maoism and Communism in the area. The war started in 1962.

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The Chinese troops crossed the McMahon Line to make room for Indian territory and took over the mountain passages and towns. In this war which lasted for one month, more than one thousand Indian soldiers lost their lives and 3 thousand soldiers were taken captive.

While the number of deaths in the Chinese army was less than 800. By November, China’s Premier Zhou Enlai announced a ceasefire and left the border occupied by Chinese troops. This was the alleged actual line of control.

1967 – When India chased China

In 1967, tension began again in Nathu La and Cho La, the two hilly areas connecting Sikkim. Sikkim is an Indian state and China has been claiming autonomous Tibet as its own. The dispute started when Indian soldiers started laying barbed wire at what they considered to be the border.

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The dispute escalated when the Chinese army started firing on Indian soldiers. More than 150 Indians and about 340 Chinese soldiers were killed in the skirmish. This battle, which took place in September and October of 1967, was considered as the second war between China and India.

India managed to end China’s fortification in Nathu La and drive up to their territory near Cho La. After these changes, it was assumed that India and China had different views on the Line of Actual Control. 1967 Confrontation between India and China

In 1987, the Indian Army was conducting a training operation to see how fast a troop could be sent across the border. The Chinese commanders were shocked to see such a large army of Lash Lashkar and responded by moving towards their supposed line of actual control. Later, India and China separated and the crisis averted, given the state of war.

There was a dog-cat strategy on both sides. Decades later, the Chinese platoon set up a camp near Daulat Beg Oldi in April 2013. In response, India also set up its tents less than a thousand feet away. Gradually, it turned into Camp Durg and a large number of soldiers and weapons came here.

In May, both countries agreed to withdraw the camp, but the line of actual control remained controversial.

2017 – Doklam controversy

In June 2017, China started construction of the road at Doklam in the Himalayas. This area is not under the control of India, but its partner Bhutan. This plateau is on the border of Bhutan and China, but India sees it as a buffer zone, which is close to other disputed areas with China.

The Indian Army arrived with the intention of breaking the road with weapons and bulldozers and was opposed by the Chinese Army. Then there was a dispute and the soldiers threw stones at each other. There were a lot of injuries in this attack both ways. In August, the two countries agreed to move out of that area and China stopped construction.

2020- Then the controversy started

In May, there were several scuffles between the armies of the two countries. Several Indian soldiers were seriously injured in a brawl on Pangong Lake. They even had to be taken by helicopter. According to Indian analysts, the Chinese troops were also seriously injured.

According to Indian experts, China strengthened itself with dump trucks, armored vehicles, and troops. US President Trump offered to mediate on Twitter, which he named “A Rising Border Dispute”.

It was clear that after 2017, the dispute between the two countries was the most serious link. Which has serious consequences now. India and China conflicts 1967

 

 

1967 Confrontation between India and China

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